Asthma

Fewer Asthma Exacerbations With LABA Plus Inhaled Glucocorticoid

Fewer Asthma Exacerbations With LABA Plus Inhaled Glucocorticoid

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Combination therapy with a long-acting β2-agonist plus an inhaled glucocorticoid for asthma was not associated with a significantly higher risk for serious asthma-related events compared with an inhaled glucocorticoid alone.

Childhood Respiratory Risk Factor Profiles Predict Lung Function, COPD

Childhood Respiratory Risk Factor Profiles Predict Lung Function, COPD

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Frequent asthma, bronchitis, allergy demonstrated the strongest association with , lower FEV1, lower FEV1/forced vital capacity, and increased risk for COPD.

Cytokine Profiles of Pregnant Women Predict Asthma in Children

Cytokine Profiles of Pregnant Women Predict Asthma in Children

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Cytokines produced by mitogen-stimulated immune cells from pregnant women without asthma were shown to be associated with the development of asthma in their children.

CDC: Wildfire Smoke Poses Health Risks

CDC: Wildfire Smoke Poses Health Risks

The US Centers for Disease Control offers steps to minimize exposure to wildfire smoke, particularly for those with chronic conditions.

Free Vitamin D<sub>3</sub> Inferior to Total Concentrations in Predicting Asthma Response

Free Vitamin D3 Inferior to Total Concentrations in Predicting Asthma Response

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No associations were found between free concentration vitamin D3 levels and treatment failure or exacerbation rates in adults with asthma

Inhaled IL-13 Monoclonal Antibody Inhibits IL-13 in Animal Asthma Model

Inhaled IL-13 Monoclonal Antibody Inhibits IL-13 in Animal Asthma Model

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The eFlow® nebulizer delivered CDP7766 without evidence of degradation, loss of potency, aggregation, or formation of particulates in a model of asthma in cynomolgus macaques.

Anti-IL-5 Therapy Eligibility Characteristics Examined in Adult-Onset Asthma

Anti-IL-5 Therapy Eligibility Characteristics Examined in Adult-Onset Asthma

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Patients with severe asthma were more often current smokers at diagnosis and had higher body mass index at follow-up compared with patients with nonsevere asthma and anti-IL-5 therapy-eligible asthma.

Patient Engagement in Asthma Treatment Plans May Improve Quality of Life

Patient Engagement in Asthma Treatment Plans May Improve Quality of Life

Older adults with asthma and a greater desire for involvement in decision making have higher asthma-related quality of life.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Asthma: Gaining Control by Losing Weight

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Asthma: Gaining Control by Losing Weight

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Poor control of asthma and obstructive sleep apnea can feed off one another, according to Michelle Zeidler, MD, pulmonologist at the University of California, Los Angeles, and director of the UCLA Sleep Fellowship Program.

Asthma Risk Increased With Early-Onset Persistent Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness

Asthma Risk Increased With Early-Onset Persistent Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness

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Children with the early-onset persistent bronchial hyperresponsiveness phenotype had the highest blood eosinophil count and total serum IgE levels as well as sensitization rates.

Subcutaneous Immunotherapy Shows Promise for Allergic Asthma Exacerbations

Subcutaneous Immunotherapy Shows Promise for Allergic Asthma Exacerbations

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The mean rate of exacerbations declined significantly after 1 year of subcutaneous immunotherapy in children with moderate to severe allergic asthma exacerbations.

Asthma Exacerbation, Treatment Failure Prevention During Step-Down Therapy

Asthma Exacerbation, Treatment Failure Prevention During Step-Down Therapy

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A hospital emergency department visit in the prior year was associated with subsequent asthma treatment failure.

Respiratory Viruses Linked to Treatment Failure in Asthma Exacerbations

Respiratory Viruses Linked to Treatment Failure in Asthma Exacerbations

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Respiratory pathogens were associated with an increased risk for treatment failure in children with asthma exacerbations.

Tralokinumab Ineffective for Eosinophilic Airway Inflammation in Asthma

Tralokinumab Ineffective for Eosinophilic Airway Inflammation in Asthma

Tralokinumab did not have a significant effect on eosinophilic airway inflammation in moderate to severe asthma that was inadequately controlled on inhaled corticosteroids.

Viruses not linked to asthma exacerbation severity

Identified viral pathogens were not associated with asthma exacerbation severity, but were linked to increased treatment failure.

Immune-Response Cluster in Infant Respiratory Syncytial Virus Linked With Recurrent Wheeze

Immune-Response Cluster in Infant Respiratory Syncytial Virus Linked With Recurrent Wheeze

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A nasal immune-response pattern characterized by lower non-interferon antiviral immune response mediators and higher type 2 and type 17 cytokines was significantly associated with recurrent wheeze at 1 year.

Budesonide-formoterol as needed superior to terbutaline in mild asthma: The SYGMA trial

In patients with mild asthma, use of the inhaled combined corticosteroid and beta agonist budesonide-formoterol as needed was superior to terbutaline as needed with respect to electronically recorded weeks of well-controlled asthma.

Various Perinatal Risks Associated With Maternal Asthma Diagnosis

Various Perinatal Risks Associated With Maternal Asthma Diagnosis

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Women with a diagnosis of asthma may have a higher risk for preterm birth, and their infants may have an increased risk for perinatal mortality, low birth weight, fetal growth restriction, and asphyxia.

Omalizumab Inhibits Respiratory Reactions During Aspirin Desensitization

Omalizumab Inhibits Respiratory Reactions During Aspirin Desensitization

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In patients with aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease, treatment with omalizumab resulted in "clinically silent" aspirin desensitization.

Asthma Exacerbation Risk With As-Needed Budesonide-Formoterol vs Maintenance Budesonide

Asthma Exacerbation Risk With As-Needed Budesonide-Formoterol vs Maintenance Budesonide

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Budesonide-formoterol as needed was not inferior compared with budesonide maintenance therapy in terms of severe asthma exacerbation rates, but may be inferior for controlling symptoms.

Greater Use of Tobacco Products Among Youth With Asthma

Greater Use of Tobacco Products Among Youth With Asthma

E-cigarettes are the most commonly used product in middle and high school students with or without asthma.

Effectiveness of Budesonide-Formoterol vs Terbutaline in Asthma Symptom Control

Effectiveness of Budesonide-Formoterol vs Terbutaline in Asthma Symptom Control

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There was a 60% lower rate of severe asthma exacerbations in individuals treated with budesonide-formoterol compared with individuals treated with terbutaline as needed.

Asthma-Associated Chemicals in Hair Products for Black Women Raise Concerns

Asthma-Associated Chemicals in Hair Products for Black Women Raise Concerns

Chemicals linked with endocrine disruption and asthma identified in hair products used by black women and children.

Budesonide Improved Epithelial Barrier Function in Asthma

Budesonide Improved Epithelial Barrier Function in Asthma

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Researchers evaluated barrier dysfunction by exposing viral models to budesonide, montelukast, formoterol, or a combination.

Inhaled Interferon-Beta 1a Does Not Reduce Severe Asthma Exacerbations

Inhaled Interferon-Beta 1a Does Not Reduce Severe Asthma Exacerbations

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Inhaled interferon-beta 1 a did not significantly reduce acute asthma exacerbations during respiratory viral infections.

Longer Hospital Stay, Higher Costs With Unwarranted Antibiotics in Asthma Exacerbations

Longer Hospital Stay, Higher Costs With Unwarranted Antibiotics in Asthma Exacerbations

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Longer stay and higher costs were associated with antibiotic administration in adults hospitalized for an asthma exacerbation without documented evidence of a lung infection.

Anxiety, Depression Associated With Poor Self-Perceived Asthma Control

Anxiety, Depression Associated With Poor Self-Perceived Asthma Control

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Investigators conducted a prospective survey to examine the association between asthma symptom severity and symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Morning vs Evening ICS Dosing in Asthma: Efficacies Compared

Morning vs Evening ICS Dosing in Asthma: Efficacies Compared

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Inhaled corticosteroids for asthma dosed once daily in the evening appeared to offer some benefit in trough FEV1 and morning peak expiratory flow.

Overweight, Obesity Linked to Asthma Development in Children and Adolescents

Overweight, Obesity Linked to Asthma Development in Children and Adolescents

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Overweight or obese children are more likely to develop new onset asthma compared with normal weight controls.

Antibiotic Use During Pregnancy May Increase Risk for Childhood Asthma

Antibiotic Use During Pregnancy May Increase Risk for Childhood Asthma

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Researchers examined the association of timing, frequency, and class of antibiotic use during pregnancy on the development of childhood asthma.

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