New "Pan-Can" Model More Accurately Predicts Lung Cancer Risk

New "Pan-Can" Model More Accurately Predicts Lung Cancer Risk

PanCan study effectively identified patients who eventually developed early-stage lung cancer, compared to other predictive models.

No Associations Exist Between 6MWD and Maximum Oxygen Uptake in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

No Associations Exist Between 6MWD and Maximum Oxygen Uptake in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Results indicate that further study of the relationship between the 6-minute walk distance test and functional capacity in PAH is necessary.

Negative TB Test, Malnutrition, Age Linked to In-Hospital Mortality

Negative TB Test, Malnutrition, Age Linked to In-Hospital Mortality

The relationship between negative tuberculin skin test and in-hospital mortality has not been previously studied.

Diagnostic Test Can Identify Biomarkers to Detect Lung Cancer

Diagnostic Test Can Identify Biomarkers to Detect Lung Cancer

A new diagnostic test and algorithm may be able to diagnose lung cancer from tumor-educated platelets.

Does CT Scan at Follow-up Improve Resected NSCLC Survival?

Does CT Scan at Follow-up Improve Resected NSCLC Survival?

Recommendations to include CT scans as standard follow-up procedure is based on poor evidence.

Prediction of Short-, Long-Term Mortality in Elderly With Stable Acute PE

Prediction of Short-, Long-Term Mortality in Elderly With Stable Acute PE

Charleston comorbidity index is an independent predictor of mortality in patients with hemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism.

COPD Diagnosis by Physician vs Spirometry: A Validation Study

COPD Diagnosis by Physician vs Spirometry: A Validation Study

Questions involving physician-diagnosed COPD have a low sensitivity and a high specificity.

Lung Cancer Screening CT Scans in High-Risk Smokers Increase Cessation Rates

Lung Cancer Screening CT Scans in High-Risk Smokers Increase Cessation Rates

Patients who underwent lung CT screening had a higher 2-week smoking cessation rate vs patients who did not undergo screening.

Inaccuracy of Traditional vs Digital Influenza Tests

Inaccuracy of Traditional vs Digital Influenza Tests

Researchers examined the efficacy of digital immunoassays vs rapid influenza diagnostic tests for diagnosing influenza.

Diagnostic Accuracy of NICE Asthma Algorithm Poor in Children

Diagnostic Accuracy of NICE Asthma Algorithm Poor in Children

A new algorithm developed by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence was not useful for diagnosing asthma in children and adolescents.

Accuracy of Physician Estimates of Pulmonary Nodule Pretest Probability of Malignancy

Accuracy of Physician Estimates of Pulmonary Nodule Pretest Probability of Malignancy

Physicians can differentiate between benign and malignant pulmonary nodules, but do not consistently follow guideline-based recommendations when selecting the next diagnostic test.

Hypoxemia, Breathing Difficulty May Indicate Pneumonia in Children

Hypoxemia, Breathing Difficulty May Indicate Pneumonia in Children

Clinical symptoms of pneumonia should be identified quickly in pediatric patients to prevent inappropriate therapy.

Diagnostic Measures of Lung Function Decline in COPD

Diagnostic Measures of Lung Function Decline in COPD

Comparative measures of inspiratory vs expiratory volumes show a penumbra of lung tissue at higher risk of damage from existing COPD.

Using Hemodynamic Marker Ratio to Predict Outcomes in Pulmonary Hypertension

Using Hemodynamic Marker Ratio to Predict Outcomes in Pulmonary Hypertension

A retrospective analysis demonstrated that the ratio of left to right ventricular end-diastolic pressures can predict outcomes in patients with PH.

Serum Periostin Biomarker in Asthma With Comorbid Upper Airway Disease

Serum Periostin Biomarker in Asthma With Comorbid Upper Airway Disease

A study of 65 patients examined the efficacy of using serum periostin as a biomarker for asthma with comorbid upper airway disease.

Examining Pulmonary Function Measures in Pediatric SLE

Examining Pulmonary Function Measures in Pediatric SLE

Fractional exhaled nitric oxide levels directly correlated to subclinical pulmonary disease activity in children with systemic lupus erythematosus.

SomnaPatch Effective in Diagnosing Obstructive Sleep Apnea

SomnaPatch Effective in Diagnosing Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Researchers simultaneously examined overnight polysomnography and patch recordings to determine the efficacy of the SomnaPatch.

Hypothyroidism, Obesity Linked to Low Oygen Saturation During Sleep

Hypothyroidism, Obesity Linked to Low Oygen Saturation During Sleep

Nearly 37% of patients with hypoventilation were diagnosed with uncontrolled hypothyroidism, and were more likely to present with hypertension and heart failure.

Do Hematocrit Levels Impact Moderate-to-Severe OSA Outcomes?

Do Hematocrit Levels Impact Moderate-to-Severe OSA Outcomes?

Apnea-hypopnea index concluded that hematocrit levels and presene of erthrocytosis are not associated with OSA.

Efficacy of Clinical Decision Rules in Diagnosing Acute, Bacterial Rhinosinusitis

Efficacy of Clinical Decision Rules in Diagnosing Acute, Bacterial Rhinosinusitis

Rules integrating signs, symptoms, CRP can diagnose acute rhinosinusitis, bacterial rhinosinusitis

High Accuracy, Clinical Relevance With Point-of-Care Lung Sonography

High Accuracy, Clinical Relevance With Point-of-Care Lung Sonography

Researchers examined the indications, diagnostic accuracy, duration, and clinical impact of point-of-care lung sonography.

Using Chest CT in Evaluation, Management of COPD

Using Chest CT in Evaluation, Management of COPD

Chest CT is not currently part of recommended routine COPD care.

CT Predictors of Poor Outcome in Chronic Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis

CT Predictors of Poor Outcome in Chronic Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis

In patients with chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis, several parenchymal features on CT correlate with mortality and rapid disease progression, including honeycombing and reticular pattern.

ACR Imaging Criteria for Suspected Pulmonary Hypertension

ACR Imaging Criteria for Suspected Pulmonary Hypertension

New criteria by the American College of Radiology detail appropriateness of various imaging techniques for suspected pulmonary hypertension.

Computer-aided Detection Finds Tuberculosis in Underserved Regions

Computer-aided Detection Finds Tuberculosis in Underserved Regions

In tuberculosis-endemic areas, computers with deep learning capabilities can be trained to detect the disease in regions that have no radiologists.

ERS Updates Methacholine Challenge Test Recommendations

ERS Updates Methacholine Challenge Test Recommendations

The most recent ERS guideline includes significant changes from prior recommendations in an effort to accommodate newer delivery devices.

Predicting Survival in IPF With CT-Measured Pulmonary Artery: Aorta Ratio

Predicting Survival in IPF With CT-Measured Pulmonary Artery: Aorta Ratio

Computed tomography-derived pulmonary artery-to-aorta ratio can predict pulmonary artery pressure and survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Restrictive Spirometry Pattern Predictive of Arterial Stiffness

Restrictive Spirometry Pattern Predictive of Arterial Stiffness

Researchers examined nearly 3000 men and women to determine the relationship between restrictive spirometry pattern, reduced FVC, and arterial stiffness.

Can Rapid Viral Testing Reduce Unnecessary Antibiotic Use?

Can Rapid Viral Testing Reduce Unnecessary Antibiotic Use?

Molecular point-of-care testing for viruses led to more patients receiving single or brief doses of antibiotics without any evidence of increased harm.

Accuracy of Lung Ultrasonography for Pneumonia Diagnosis

Accuracy of Lung Ultrasonography for Pneumonia Diagnosis

Lung ultrasounds present an effective alternative to diagnosing pneumonia.

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