Adults with community-acquired pneumonia that is visualized on CT scan but not on concurrent chest radiograph have similar pathogens, disease severity, and outcomes as patients who had pneumonia confirmed via chest radiograph.
Interventional reduction of the angiopoietin-1/angiopoietin-2 ratio may provide therapeutic perspective for prevention of acute lung injury in pneumonia.
A routine chest radiograph after ultrasound-guided central venous catheter insertion is now considered costly and unnecessary.
Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension may be better identified through a claims-based algorithm that includes ICD-9-CM codes, specific pulmonary arterial hypertension medications, echocardiography, and right heart catheterization.
The Clinical COPD Questionnaire cutoff point of 1.4 demonstrated a better agreement with other COPD measures in patients with more symptomatic disease.
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with 5% emphysema based on thoracic computed tomography (CT) imaging may be at a greater risk for poor outcomes.
An integrated proteomic classifier accurately identified benign lung nodules when used in patients with a pretest probability of malignancy ≤50%.
Spirometry may be underused for the diagnosis and monitoring of asthma in the primary care setting.
Fractional exhaled nitric oxide, periostin, and eosinophils may help identify patients at increased risk for severe asthma exacerbations, according to a post hoc analysis of a phase 2b trial on dupilumab.
Children who had both parental and sibling asthma in their families had an increased risk for asthma.
Peak circulatory power offers greater value than peak oxygen uptake and ventilation in predicting cardiac events in patients with idiopathic PAH.
Pulmonary Embolism Rule-out Criteria non-inferior to usual care for patients at low-risk for pulmonary embolismFebruary 19, 2018
In this multicenter, randomized controlled study, the Pulmonary Embolism Rule-out Criteria (PERC) strategy resulted in significantly fewer uses of CT pulmonary angiography, reduced ED length of stay, and fewer hospital admissions.
High levels of C-reactive protein and neutrophils as well as low eosinophil count predicted a poor prognosis in COPD.
A CHEST expert panel has released updated guidelines for lung cancer screening.
Patients with suspected PH should undergo two 6MWTs to improve the accuracy of exercise capacity measurements.
Researchers examined variation in airway branches to determine whether they have an effect on the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
The 6-minute walk test had prognostic value with respect to mortality in a population of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Brain natriuretic peptide levels may accurately predict 5-year survival rates in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Although the 2017 GOLD classification did not better predict mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overall, it did so when patients were extensively categorized by severity.
Patients who received provider-ordered influenza testing were more likely to be younger and present with fever and "influenza-like illness."
No data have demonstrated improved mortality, morbidity, or quality of life as a result of screening for COPD in asymptomatic individuals.
Lung cancer screening is more effective and efficient for high-risk individuals.
Although the Wells and revised Geneva scores are used in the general population to predict pulmonary embolism, researchers found they were not reliable in pregnant and postpartum women.
Pulmonary hemodynamic changes in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension may be monitored via the 6-minute walk test.
A gas-capillary column ion mobility spectrometer may be a feasible and noninvasive tool for clinicians to diagnose respiratory tract infections in hospitalized patients.
Researchers identified 4 specific symptoms that could be the basis for a pneumonia diagnosis.
Fractional exhaled nitric oxide measurement can diagnose asthma in patients 5 years and older.
Midturbinate swabs for influenza detection provided a more comfortable experience for patients compared with traditional nasopharyngeal swabs.
The use of spirometry during infancy or early adulthood may help identify individuals at risk for poor health outcomes
Sputum eosinophil counts may be a better predictor of COPD exacerbations compared with serum blood eosinophil counts.