Pneumonia Risk in Severe COPD Linked to Elevated Eosinophil Count

Pneumonia Risk in Severe COPD Linked to Elevated Eosinophil Count

A higher proportion of patients with COPD and a blood eosinophil count of ≥0.34×109/L had elevated markers of low-grade systemic inflammation regardless of forced expiratory volume in 1 second.

ACOG: Updated Recommendations for Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy

ACOG: Updated Recommendations for Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy

This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.

Adult Caregivers Likely to Receive Influenza Vaccination From Pediatric Clinics

Adult Caregivers Likely to Receive Influenza Vaccination From Pediatric Clinics

Adult caretaker influenza vaccination cocooning programs can prove beneficial and financially successful in private practice models where external funding is limited or not available.

Paracetamol Overuse During Cold and Flu Season

Paracetamol Overuse During Cold and Flu Season

During the cold and flu season, the use and over-dosing of paracetamol is common, and may partially be driven by higher use of over-the-counter combination medications for the treatment of upper respiratory cold/flu symptoms.

Increased Risk for Acute Respiratory Illness Following Influenza Vaccine in Children

Increased Risk for Acute Respiratory Illness Following Influenza Vaccine in Children

Among children there was an increased risk for acute respiratory illness caused by noninfluenza respiratory pathogens following influenza vaccination compared to unvaccinated children during the same period.

Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Community-Acquired Pneumonia With or Without ARDS

Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Community-Acquired Pneumonia With or Without ARDS

The risk for death in patients with community-acquired pneumonia who were given mechanical ventilation does not seem to be affected by the presence of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

Researchers found increased myocardial infarction rates during the week after Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza infections.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention and Asthma in Preterm Infants

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention and Asthma in Preterm Infants

Researchers assessed the relationship between prevention of RSV in preterm infants and the frequency of subsequent wheeze in childhood.

Prevention of Vaccine Failure in Haemophilus influenzae Type B Vaccines

Prevention of Vaccine Failure in Haemophilus influenzae Type B Vaccines

Higher serum bactericidal activity following immunization with PRP-CRM197 reflected superior short-term and long-term seroprotective effects compared with immunization with PRP-T.

Recombinant Influenza Vaccine Found to Be Safe in Children

Recombinant Influenza Vaccine Found to Be Safe in Children

Immunogenicity of RIV4 similar to that of inactivated vaccine, although responses to B Victoria were low with both.

Inflammatory Markers in CAP Influenced by Time From Symptom Onset to Presentation

Inflammatory Markers in CAP Influenced by Time From Symptom Onset to Presentation

Differences in serum inflammatory markers may exist between patients with community-acquired pneumonia who present within the first 48 hours of symptom onset vs those who present later.

No Benefit From Prophylactic Antimicrobials in Aspiration Pneumonitis

No Benefit From Prophylactic Antimicrobials in Aspiration Pneumonitis

Use of prophylactic antimicrobial therapy was not associated with a reduction in mortality or transfer to critical care compared with patients managed with supportive care only.

Newer Rapid Influenza Tests Better at Ruling In Influenza

Newer Rapid Influenza Tests Better at Ruling In Influenza

Further research on rapid tests is warranted, as industry-sponsored research tends to favor the industry's product and affects how physicians practice medicine.

Comparing Diagnostic Imaging for Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Comparing Diagnostic Imaging for Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Adults with community-acquired pneumonia that is visualized on CT scan but not on concurrent chest radiograph have similar pathogens, disease severity, and outcomes as patients who had pneumonia confirmed via chest radiograph.

Influenza, Other Respiratory Disease Transmission During Flights

Influenza, Other Respiratory Disease Transmission During Flights

Despite 8 of the 10 flights taking place during influenza season, results of quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays for 18 common respiratory viruses were all negative.

Pneumonia-Induced Acute Lung Failure: Angiopoietin-2 Levels May Predict Severity

Pneumonia-Induced Acute Lung Failure: Angiopoietin-2 Levels May Predict Severity

Interventional reduction of the angiopoietin-1/angiopoietin-2 ratio may provide therapeutic perspective for prevention of acute lung injury in pneumonia.

Suicide Risk Not Increased With Oseltamivir in Pediatric Patients

Suicide Risk Not Increased With Oseltamivir in Pediatric Patients

There was no significant correlation with suicide for oseltamavir exposure or for influenza diagnosis alone.

Acetaminophen Use, Overdose May Increase During Flu Season

Acetaminophen Use, Overdose May Increase During Flu Season

Acetaminophen use and overdosing increases during cold and flu season.

Chronic Oral Glucocorticoid Use in Pediatric Asthma May Increase Morbidities

Chronic Oral Glucocorticoid Use in Pediatric Asthma May Increase Morbidities

Children with asthma who experience chronic oral glucocorticoid exposure may have significant morbidities, including adrenal suppression, recurrent pneumonia, and behavioral problems.

Flumist Quadrivalent Vaccine Recommendation Renewed by ACIP

Flumist Quadrivalent Vaccine Recommendation Renewed by ACIP

The CDC's ACIP has voted in favor of renewing the recommendation for the use of live attenuated influenza vaccine.

Predictive Model Identifies Risk Factors for Bacteremia in Pneumococcal Pneumonia

Predictive Model Identifies Risk Factors for Bacteremia in Pneumococcal Pneumonia

Researchers retrospectively analyzed data from patients hospitalized with pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia to determine risk factors for pneumococcal bacteremia.

ARDS Risk After Cardiac Surgery During Flu Season

ARDS Risk After Cardiac Surgery During Flu Season

Cardiac surgery during influenza season is an independent risk factor for acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Effect of Maternal Influenza Vaccination on Infant Mortality

Effect of Maternal Influenza Vaccination on Infant Mortality

Investigators sought to determine the association between maternal vaccination and infant mortality.

An Inflammatory Response: Cardiovascular Complications of Pneumonia

An Inflammatory Response: Cardiovascular Complications of Pneumonia

As a result of activating the inflammatory-immune system, pneumonia may trigger cardiovascular complications.

Opioid use associated with increased risk of invasive pneumococcal disease

Researchers found the strongest link between prescription opioid use and the risk for invasive pneumococcal disease was present in individuals using long-acting, high-dose, or highly potent formulations.

Influenza Activity Updates From the CDC

Influenza Activity Updates From the CDC

Influenza A viruses have predominated the 2017 to 2018 season with a vaccine effectiveness between 25% and 67%.

Influenza Can Be Inactivated Using Far-Ultraviolet C Light

Influenza Can Be Inactivated Using Far-Ultraviolet C Light

Airborne influenza viruses may be safely and effectively eradicated with continuous low doses of far ultraviolet C light.

Pneumococcal Disease Risk Linked to Opioid Use

Pneumococcal Disease Risk Linked to Opioid Use

Long-acting, high-potency, and high-dose opioids were associated with an increased risk for invasive pneumococcal disease.

2018 Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Released

2018 Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Released

The recommended childhood and adolescent immunization schedule for the United States has been issued for 2018.

Invasive Mechanical Ventilation in Severe CAP Increased Mortality Risk

Invasive Mechanical Ventilation in Severe CAP Increased Mortality Risk

Invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia appeared to increase their mortality risk.

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

Nasopharyngeal samples collected from young children with acute otitis media were analyzed for S pneumoniae, H influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis and compared before and after PCV13 introduction.

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Patient, practice, and provider characteristics are associated with inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing in the outpatient setting.

FDA Approves Avycaz Supplemental NDA for Pneumonia

FDA Approves Avycaz Supplemental NDA for Pneumonia

The FDA approved the supplemental New Drug Application for Avycaz to treat adults with hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia.

Reducing Postoperative Respiratory Complications Through Physiotherapy

Reducing Postoperative Respiratory Complications Through Physiotherapy

The preoperative physiotherapy intervention cut the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications by 50%.

Procalcitonin-Guided Pneumonia Treatment Associated With Improved Outcomes

Procalcitonin-Guided Pneumonia Treatment Associated With Improved Outcomes

Procalcitonin may decrease mortality rates in patients with acute respiratory infections, including pneumonia.

Influenza Testing Ordered Less Often in Older Hospitalized Adults

Influenza Testing Ordered Less Often in Older Hospitalized Adults

Patients who received provider-ordered influenza testing were more likely to be younger and present with fever and "influenza-like illness."

Influenza May Increase Risk for Acute Myocardial Infarction

Influenza May Increase Risk for Acute Myocardial Infarction

Influenza increased the risk for acute myocardial infarction within 1 year before and 1 year after the infection.

Pneumonia in Childhood Linked to Higher Short-Term Incidence of Some Cancers

Pneumonia in Childhood Linked to Higher Short-Term Incidence of Some Cancers

Short-term incidence of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer may be higher in children who were hospitalized with pneumonia.

Influenza Vaccination Rates May Increase With Reminder, Recall Systems

Influenza Vaccination Rates May Increase With Reminder, Recall Systems

Patient reminder and recall systems seem to be effective for improving receipt of immunizations.

Human Rhinovirus Incidence in Infants With Fever

Human Rhinovirus Incidence in Infants With Fever

For febrile infants, human rhinovirus is common, and detection does not alter risk of concomitant urinary tract infection or invasive bacterial infection.

Effect of Corticosteroids on Pneumonia-Related Mortality

Effect of Corticosteroids on Pneumonia-Related Mortality

Mortality from severe pneumonia may be significantly reduced with corticosteroids.

Diagnosing Bacterial Respiratory Tract Infections via Novel Mobile Spectrometer

Diagnosing Bacterial Respiratory Tract Infections via Novel Mobile Spectrometer

A gas-capillary column ion mobility spectrometer may be a feasible and noninvasive tool for clinicians to diagnose respiratory tract infections in hospitalized patients.

Incidence of Non-Ventilator Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

Incidence of Non-Ventilator Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

Non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia is a significant burden in US acute care hospitals and poses a risk to nonelderly, non-intensive unit patients.

Overcoming Challenges to Create a Universal Influenza Vaccine

Overcoming Challenges to Create a Universal Influenza Vaccine

Researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases are working to develop a universal influenza vaccine.

Intravenous Antibiotic Recalled Due to Mold

Intravenous Antibiotic Recalled Due to Mold

AuroMedics Pharma announced a voluntary recall of 1 lot of Linezolid injection after a batch found contained mold.

Repeated Vaccinations May Prevent Severe Influenza Infection

Repeated Vaccinations May Prevent Severe Influenza Infection

Vaccination for influenza for multiple seasons is twice as effective in preventing severe influenza.

Predictors of Pneumonia in Adults With Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

Predictors of Pneumonia in Adults With Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

Researchers identified 4 specific symptoms that could be the basis for a pneumonia diagnosis.

A 44-Year-Old Man With Persistent Upper Respiratory Infection

A 44-Year-Old Man With Persistent Upper Respiratory Infection

A middle-aged man with no significant medical history presents to his local urgent care with flu-like symptoms but sees no improvement after starting antibiotics.

New Influenza Vaccine Guidelines Released for Patients With Egg Allergy

New Influenza Vaccine Guidelines Released for Patients With Egg Allergy

Patients with an egg allergy do not need to avoid or take special precautions when receiving the influenza vaccine.

Adult Vaccinations: Improving Public Perception and Awareness

Adult Vaccinations: Improving Public Perception and Awareness

Educational campaigns regarding the value of vaccines should integrate social psychological considerations with health communication principles.

Influenza Testing Accuracy With Different Intranasal Specimen Collection Methods

Influenza Testing Accuracy With Different Intranasal Specimen Collection Methods

Midturbinate swabs for influenza detection provided a more comfortable experience for patients compared with traditional nasopharyngeal swabs.

H3N2 Influenza Activity Increasing in the United States

H3N2 Influenza Activity Increasing in the United States

Since the start of November 2017, influenza activity has increased in the United States.

The Potential Pitfalls of Machine Learning Algorithms in Medicine

The Potential Pitfalls of Machine Learning Algorithms in Medicine

The ability of machine learning programs to diagnose medical conditions and predict outcomes is discussed in an opinion article.

Cause for Reduced Effectiveness of 2016-2017 Influenza Vaccine Discovered

Cause for Reduced Effectiveness of 2016-2017 Influenza Vaccine Discovered

A glycoprotein mutation in fertilized chicken eggs may be the cause of the limited effectiveness of the 2016-2017 flu vaccine.

Influenza Vaccination Refusal Leads to Employee Termination

Influenza Vaccination Refusal Leads to Employee Termination

About 50 employees have been fired from Essentia Health, a Duluth, Minnesota-based hospital chain, for refusing to receive the flu vaccination.

Pneumonia in Pediatric Patients: Assessing Reliability of Signs and Symptoms

Pneumonia in Pediatric Patients: Assessing Reliability of Signs and Symptoms

No single finding appears to reliably predict a pneumonia diagnosis in pediatric patients younger than 5 years of age.

Usefulness of CHEST 2006 Cough Classifications

Usefulness of CHEST 2006 Cough Classifications

The 2006 CHEST management algorithms for acute, subacute, and chronic cough appear to be useful in treating adults globally.

Healthcare Providers With Influenza-Like Symptoms Work While Sick

Healthcare Providers With Influenza-Like Symptoms Work While Sick

Interventions to target healthcare professional-associated influenza transmission, intervention may be necessary to prevent transmission.

Antipyretic Effect on Immune Response to Flu Vaccination in Young Children

Antipyretic Effect on Immune Response to Flu Vaccination in Young Children

Antipyretic administration for fever in young children is not associated with any significant blunting of immune response to inactivated influenza vaccination.

Improving Influenza Vaccination Rates Via Text Messaging

Improving Influenza Vaccination Rates Via Text Messaging

Text messaging may be an effective way to increase the rate of influenza vaccination.

Influenza Vaccination in Pediatric Emergency Departments

Influenza Vaccination in Pediatric Emergency Departments

Influenza vaccination in the pediatric emergency department setting appears to be a cost-effective strategy.

Temporary MTX Discontinuation Improves Flu Vaccine Immunogenicity in RA

Temporary MTX Discontinuation Improves Flu Vaccine Immunogenicity in RA

Temporary discontinuation of methotrexate after influenza vaccination is associated with improved immunogenicity of vaccination in RA.

Pandemic Possible With H7N9 Avian Influenza Variant

Pandemic Possible With H7N9 Avian Influenza Variant

A highly pathogenic variant of H7N9 avian influenza has evolved and is now capable of causing a pandemic, according to recent research.

Peramivir Injection Now Available for Acute Uncomplicated Influenza in Children

Peramivir Injection Now Available for Acute Uncomplicated Influenza in Children

Rapivab is now indicated for use in pediatric patients ≥2 years with acute uncomplicated influenza.

Distinct Clinical Phenotypes in Interstitial Lung Disease May Better Predict Outcomes

Distinct Clinical Phenotypes in Interstitial Lung Disease May Better Predict Outcomes

Clustering patients with interstitial lung disease independently predicted progression-free and transplant-free survival.

Nebulized Antibiotics May Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Occurrence

Nebulized Antibiotics May Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Occurrence

Prophylactic antibiotics administered to patients who were mechanically ventilated reduced the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Inhaled Corticosteroids Do Not Increase Risk for Pneumonia in COPD

Inhaled Corticosteroids Do Not Increase Risk for Pneumonia in COPD

In contrast to previous study findings, inhaled corticosteroids do not appear to increase risk for pneumonia in patients with COPD with moderate airflow limitation.

Empiric Antibiotic Therapy in Hospital-Acquired and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

Empiric Antibiotic Therapy in Hospital-Acquired and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

Strictly following empirical antimicrobial treatment guidelines in patients with hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated pneumonia may result in overtreatment with antibiotics.

Postoperative Pneumonia Risk Following Anatomic Lung Resection

Postoperative Pneumonia Risk Following Anatomic Lung Resection

Patients who underwent open lung resections had a significantly higher incidence of postoperative pneumonia vs minimally invasive surgery.

Delafloxacin Effective for Community-Acquired Respiratory Tract Infections

Delafloxacin Effective for Community-Acquired Respiratory Tract Infections

Study results indicate that delafloxacin has potent in-vitro activity against most common pathogens seen in community-acquired pneumonia.

Improving Length of Stay, Mortality in Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Improving Length of Stay, Mortality in Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Combination antibiotic therapy with a macrolide improves hospital length of stay in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia.

Prolonged Hospitalization Predictors in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Prolonged Hospitalization Predictors in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired complicated pneumonia.

Pneumococcal Vaccination Uptake Lower in Minority Populations

Pneumococcal Vaccination Uptake Lower in Minority Populations

Low education and low income are linked to lower uptakes of PCV13 in minorities 65 years and older.

Beta-Lactams vs Azithromycin in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Beta-Lactams vs Azithromycin in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Investigators found that macrolides correlated with lower odds of treatment failure in patients younger than 5 with CAP.

Procalcitonin Diagnostic Algorithm Useful in Bacterial Pneumonia

Procalcitonin Diagnostic Algorithm Useful in Bacterial Pneumonia

Using serum procalcitonin levels to diagnose and manage bacterial pneumonia decreases length of hospital stay.

Season-to-Season Examination of Flu Shot Rates: No Change Among Pediatric Patients

Season-to-Season Examination of Flu Shot Rates: No Change Among Pediatric Patients

Despite the loss of the live attenuated influenza vaccine, overall immunization rates in children 2-17 remained steady.

High Percentage of Healthcare Personnel Receive Influenza Vaccination

High Percentage of Healthcare Personnel Receive Influenza Vaccination

The majority of healthcare workers receive an influenza vaccination, but more pregnant women should be vaccinated.

CDC Continues to Recommend Influenza Vaccination in Pregnancy

CDC Continues to Recommend Influenza Vaccination in Pregnancy

The CDC continues to urge pregnant women to receive influenza vaccinations.

No Increased Risk for VTE After Flu Vaccine in People Older Than 50

No Increased Risk for VTE After Flu Vaccine in People Older Than 50

Influenza vaccination does not increase the risk for venous thromboembolism in patients older than 50 years of age.

Pneumococcal Vaccination Trends in Work vs Non-Work-Related Asthma

Pneumococcal Vaccination Trends in Work vs Non-Work-Related Asthma

Fewer than half of patients with asthma have received a pneumococcal vaccination.

PCV13 and PCV10 Vaccines Showed High Efficacy Against Pneumococcal Pneumonia Serotypes

PCV13 and PCV10 Vaccines Showed High Efficacy Against Pneumococcal Pneumonia Serotypes

While the newest high-valent PCV10 and PCV13 vaccines are effective in preventing IPD caused by the serotypes within the vaccines, breakthrough patterns of conversion to non-PCV13 serotypes are emerging.

Delayed Gastric Motility Post-Lung Transplantation in Patients With No Prior GI Surgery

Delayed Gastric Motility Post-Lung Transplantation in Patients With No Prior GI Surgery

Underlying cystic fibrosis may be a risk factor for the prediction of delayed gastric emptying in patients who undergo lung transplantation.

Pneumonia Outcomes Predicted by Time to Positivity of Blood Culture

Pneumonia Outcomes Predicted by Time to Positivity of Blood Culture

Early time to positivity of blood culture in patients with bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia predicted the risk for invasive mechanical ventilation.

GERD Associated With Long-Term Risk of Pneumonia

GERD Associated With Long-Term Risk of Pneumonia

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is associated with long-term risk of pneumonia, especially in the younger population and in patients who have been treated with proton pump inhibitors.

Racial Differences in ARTI Treatment Received in Pediatric Emergency Departments

Racial Differences in ARTI Treatment Received in Pediatric Emergency Departments

The correlation between patient race and ethnicity and administration of antibiotic treatment for viral acute respiratory tract infections was examined.

AAP Update: 2017-2018 Pediatric Influenza Vaccination Recommendations

AAP Update: 2017-2018 Pediatric Influenza Vaccination Recommendations

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends against the use of the quadrivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV4).

Case Report: Zoonotic Chlamydia caviae Linked to Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Case Report: Zoonotic Chlamydia caviae Linked to Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Three cases of community-acquired pneumonia were reported in otherwise healthy adults.

COPD Linked to Diabetes and Post-Diabetes Pneumonia

COPD Linked to Diabetes and Post-Diabetes Pneumonia

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, particularly with exacerbations, have an increased risk for diabetes development.

Celiac Disease in High-Risk Children: Do Respiratory Infections Increase Risk?

Celiac Disease in High-Risk Children: Do Respiratory Infections Increase Risk?

Respiratory infection frequency during the first 2 years of life is tied to celiac disease risk in high-risk children.

Inaccuracy of Traditional vs Digital Influenza Tests

Inaccuracy of Traditional vs Digital Influenza Tests

Researchers examined the efficacy of digital immunoassays vs rapid influenza diagnostic tests for diagnosing influenza.

Increased CVD Risk in Men Following Sepsis, Pneumonia

Increased CVD Risk in Men Following Sepsis, Pneumonia

Men have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease for more than 5 years following either sepsis or pneumonia.

Nasal Spray Availability Impacts Pediatric Influenza Vaccination Rates

Nasal Spray Availability Impacts Pediatric Influenza Vaccination Rates

Fewer children were immunized against influenza once the CDC ruled out use of the nasal spray.

Acute Lower Respiratory Infection Risk In Infants Impacted by Maternal Vaccination

Acute Lower Respiratory Infection Risk In Infants Impacted by Maternal Vaccination

Hospitalization risk was increased in infants of vaccinated vs nonvaccinated mothers only during the first 90 days of life.

Influenza A Virus in Swine Transmitted to Humans at State Fairs

Influenza A Virus in Swine Transmitted to Humans at State Fairs

The influenza A virus in swine was transmitted to humans at state fairs in Ohio and Michigan.

Influenza Vaccine 2017-2018: Updates From the CDC

Influenza Vaccine 2017-2018: Updates From the CDC

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has issued the 2017-2018 influenza vaccination guidelines.

Pulmonary Rehabilitation Benefits in COPD, Lung Cancer, and Other Respiratory Conditions

Pulmonary Rehabilitation Benefits in COPD, Lung Cancer, and Other Respiratory Conditions

Recent research suggests that perioperative and postoperative pulmonary rehabilitation improves outcomes in patients undergoing thoracic surgery.

Community-Acquired Pneumococcal Pneumonia Treatment Outcomes in HIV Immunosuppression

Community-Acquired Pneumococcal Pneumonia Treatment Outcomes in HIV Immunosuppression

Patients had similar outcomes with standardized treatment for community-acquired pneumococcal pneumonia regardless of HIV status.

Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: Challenges in Diagnosis and Management

Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: Challenges in Diagnosis and Management

An estimated 55% to 85% of hospital-acquired pneumonia infections involve gram-negative bacteria, while 20% to 30% of cases involve gram-positive cocci.

Influenza Outcomes Associated with IFITM3 Genetic Marker

Influenza Outcomes Associated with IFITM3 Genetic Marker

The rs34481144 risk allele may serve as a genetic marker for identifying individuals at increased risk for severe influenza infection.

Particulate Matter Exposure Alters Metabolic Function, Increases Stress Hormones

Particulate Matter Exposure Alters Metabolic Function, Increases Stress Hormones

Particulate matter exposure increased stress hormones and altered metabolic receptors.

Page 1 of 2

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters