Lung Infection

Respiratory Tract Infection Telemedicine Visits Shorter When Antibiotics Prescribed

Respiratory Tract Infection Telemedicine Visits Shorter When Antibiotics Prescribed

Findings may highlight physician difficulty explaining to patients why antibiotics are not required.

Amikacin Liposome Inhalation Plus Antibiotics Effective in MAC Lung Disease

Amikacin Liposome Inhalation Plus Antibiotics Effective in MAC Lung Disease

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Within 6 months, 23% of patients with Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease who had received add-on amikacin liposome inhalation suspension had a culture conversion.

Arikayce Approved to Treat <i>Mycobacterium Avium</i> Complex Lung Disease

Arikayce Approved to Treat Mycobacterium Avium Complex Lung Disease

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Arikayce is intended for oral inhalation use and is administered via the Lamira Nebulizer System only.

Infant PPI Use and Lung Infection Risk: Is There a Link?

Infant PPI Use and Lung Infection Risk: Is There a Link?

The data showed matched odds ratio for current vs past use of PPIs to be 0.88 (95% CI, 0.36 to 2.16) when comparing cases and their controls for community-acquired pneumonia. With regard to lower respiratory tract infections, the matched odds ratio between cases and their controls was 1.13 (95% CI, 0.87 to 1.48).

Factors Predictive of Escalated Care in Infant Bronchiolitis

Factors Predictive of Escalated Care in Infant Bronchiolitis

Factors predictive of escalated care in infant bronchiolitis include oxygen saturation <90%, nasal flaring/grunting, apnea, retractions, and age 2 months or younger.

Antibiotics Effective in Children With Chronic Wet Cough

Antibiotics Effective in Children With Chronic Wet Cough

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Antibiotics were helpful in curing chronic wet cough in children.

Treatment for Bronchiolitis Obliterans Gains Orphan Drug Status

Treatment for Bronchiolitis Obliterans Gains Orphan Drug Status

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Bronchiolitis obliterans is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the pulmonary transplant population with ≥50% of patients who receive a lung transplant developing the condition within 5 years.

FDA Panel Votes on Therapy for Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease

FDA Panel Votes on Therapy for Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease

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The recommendation was supported by materials developed from the ALIS New Drug Application (NDA), which included data from the CONVERT study.

NDA for Novel Amikacin Inhalation Submitted for Rare Lung Infection

NDA for Novel Amikacin Inhalation Submitted for Rare Lung Infection

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ALIS has previously been designated orphan drug status, breakthrough therapy status and a Qualified Infectious Disease Product.

Human Rhinovirus Incidence in Infants With Fever

Human Rhinovirus Incidence in Infants With Fever

For febrile infants, human rhinovirus is common, and detection does not alter risk of concomitant urinary tract infection or invasive bacterial infection.

Diagnosing Bacterial Respiratory Tract Infections via Novel Mobile Spectrometer

Diagnosing Bacterial Respiratory Tract Infections via Novel Mobile Spectrometer

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A gas-capillary column ion mobility spectrometer may be a feasible and noninvasive tool for clinicians to diagnose respiratory tract infections in hospitalized patients.

A 44-Year-Old Man With Persistent Upper Respiratory Infection

A 44-Year-Old Man With Persistent Upper Respiratory Infection

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A middle-aged man with no significant medical history presents to his local urgent care with flu-like symptoms but sees no improvement after starting antibiotics.

Distinct Clinical Phenotypes in Interstitial Lung Disease May Better Predict Outcomes

Distinct Clinical Phenotypes in Interstitial Lung Disease May Better Predict Outcomes

Clustering patients with interstitial lung disease independently predicted progression-free and transplant-free survival.

Postoperative Pneumonia Risk Following Anatomic Lung Resection

Postoperative Pneumonia Risk Following Anatomic Lung Resection

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Patients who underwent open lung resections had a significantly higher incidence of postoperative pneumonia vs minimally invasive surgery.

Airway Mucin May Serve as Confirmatory Biomarker for Chronic Bronchitis

Airway Mucin May Serve as Confirmatory Biomarker for Chronic Bronchitis

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Current and former smokers with COPD had much higher total airway mucin concentrations compared with patients who had never smoked.

Delayed Gastric Motility Post-Lung Transplantation in Patients With No Prior GI Surgery

Delayed Gastric Motility Post-Lung Transplantation in Patients With No Prior GI Surgery

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Underlying cystic fibrosis may be a risk factor for the prediction of delayed gastric emptying in patients who undergo lung transplantation.

Expert Panel Updates Recommendations for Endoscopic Lung Volume Reduction for Emphysema

Expert Panel Updates Recommendations for Endoscopic Lung Volume Reduction for Emphysema

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Advanced emphysema may benefit from endoscopic lung reduction treatment.

Celiac Disease in High-Risk Children: Do Respiratory Infections Increase Risk?

Celiac Disease in High-Risk Children: Do Respiratory Infections Increase Risk?

Respiratory infection frequency during the first 2 years of life is tied to celiac disease risk in high-risk children.

High-Dose Vitamin D Does Not Prevent URTI in Young Healthy Children

High-Dose Vitamin D Does Not Prevent URTI in Young Healthy Children

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Increasing Vitamin D supplements does not prevent winter upper respiratory tract infections in young healthy children.

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