Pediatrics

Childhood Asthma Risk May Increase With Prenatal Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors

Childhood Asthma Risk May Increase With Prenatal Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors

Researchers found that acid-suppressive drug use in pregnancy was associated with an increased risk for asthma in childhood.

Noncigarette Tobacco Products May Increase Teens' Risk of Smoking Cigarettes

Noncigarette Tobacco Products May Increase Teens' Risk of Smoking Cigarettes

Non-cigarette tobacco use is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking among US adolescents.

Asthma Risk Associated With Prenatal Exposure to Polychlorinated Biphenyls

Asthma Risk Associated With Prenatal Exposure to Polychlorinated Biphenyls

By

Women who were exposed prenatally to polychlorinated biphenyls may have an increased risk of having children with asthma, hay fever, or eczema.

Effect of Obesity on Asthma in Children

Effect of Obesity on Asthma in Children

Obesity is associated with more asthma symptom days in children not treated with a daily controller and inhaled corticosteroids.

Acute Respiratory Tract Infections in Children: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

Acute Respiratory Tract Infections in Children: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

Broad-spectrum antibiotics are not associated with better clinical or patient-centered outcomes in children with acute respiratory tract infections.

Asthma May Increase Risk for Type 1 Diabetes in Children

Asthma May Increase Risk for Type 1 Diabetes in Children

By

While a previous diagnosis of asthma may increase the risk for type 1 diabetes in children, the converse does not appear to be true.

Short-Duration Dexamethasone Effective for Pediatric Asthma Exacerbations

Short-Duration Dexamethasone Effective for Pediatric Asthma Exacerbations

By

Children with asthma exacerbations may be treated with 2 doses of dexamethasone instead of with prednisolone/prednisone.

Pulmonary Emboli in Pediatric Patients: Clinical Predictors Identified

Pulmonary Emboli in Pediatric Patients: Clinical Predictors Identified

By

Prospective validation research is needed before these clinical predictors of pediatric PE can become guidelines.

Food Allergies May Increase Risk for Asthma in Children

Food Allergies May Increase Risk for Asthma in Children

By

Investigators sought to determine the association between food allergies and the development of asthma.

Pneumonia Found Infrequently on Chest X-Ray in Children With Acute Asthma Exacerbations

Pneumonia Found Infrequently on Chest X-Ray in Children With Acute Asthma Exacerbations

By

Chest radiography, a procedure often performed in the emergency department, infrequently changes medical management of children with acute asthma exacerbations.

Asthma Risk Increased With Atopic Dermatitis Plus Allergic Sensitization

Asthma Risk Increased With Atopic Dermatitis Plus Allergic Sensitization

By

Atopic dermatitis without concomitant allergic sensitization in children is not associated an increased risk for asthma.

Riociguat Studied in Pediatric Patient With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Riociguat Studied in Pediatric Patient With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

By

Select pediatric patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension may benefit from treatment with riociguat.

Pneumonia in Pediatric Patients: Assessing Reliability of Signs and Symptoms

Pneumonia in Pediatric Patients: Assessing Reliability of Signs and Symptoms

By

No single finding appears to reliably predict a pneumonia diagnosis in pediatric patients younger than 5 years of age.

Children's Behavior During Inhalation Induction May Affect Sevoflurane Concentrations

Children's Behavior During Inhalation Induction May Affect Sevoflurane Concentrations

Higher sevoflurane concentrations in the anesthesiologist's breathing zone is tied to negative behavior in children having elective ear, nose & throat surgery.

Bronchiolitis Treatment in Infants Varies by Hospital

Bronchiolitis Treatment in Infants Varies by Hospital

The use of evidence-based supportive therapies varies by hospital site for infants with bronchiolitis,

Inhaled Corticosteroid Use and Fracture Risk in Pediatric Asthma

Inhaled Corticosteroid Use and Fracture Risk in Pediatric Asthma

By

A population-based study aimed to determine whether inhaled corticosteroid use increased risk of fracture in children with asthma.

Effect of Human Rhinovirus Species on Pediatric Asthma Exacerbation Severity

Effect of Human Rhinovirus Species on Pediatric Asthma Exacerbation Severity

By

The modifying effect of human rhinovirus on asthma exacerbation severity was examined in a pediatric population.

Prolonged Hospitalization Predictors in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Prolonged Hospitalization Predictors in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

By

Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired complicated pneumonia.

Consequences of Discontinuing Inhaled Corticosteroids in Children With Asthma

Consequences of Discontinuing Inhaled Corticosteroids in Children With Asthma

By

Children who discontinue inhaled corticosteroids for well-controlled asthma may experience worsening symptoms.

Breastfeeding Linked to Decreased Risk for Childhood Asthma Exacerbations

Breastfeeding Linked to Decreased Risk for Childhood Asthma Exacerbations

By

When children are breastfed for 6 months or less, the risk for asthma exacerbations decreases.

Systematic Review of Adverse Drug Events in Children With Asthma

Systematic Review of Adverse Drug Events in Children With Asthma

By

Pediatric patients with asthma are at the highest risk for adverse drug events, particularly with inhaled corticosteroids.

Diagnostic Accuracy of NICE Asthma Algorithm Poor in Children

Diagnostic Accuracy of NICE Asthma Algorithm Poor in Children

By

A new algorithm developed by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence was not useful for diagnosing asthma in children and adolescents.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters