Pediatrics

Early Child Care Attendance and Asthma, Wheeze Risk: What's the Link?

Early Child Care Attendance and Asthma, Wheeze Risk: What's the Link?

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Early child care attendance increased the risk for wheeze in children ≤2 years of age but decreased the risk for asthma in children 3 to 5 years of age.

Decreased Lung Function More Prevalent in Preterm Born Children

Decreased Lung Function More Prevalent in Preterm Born Children

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Children who were born preterm had an increased likelihood of developing impaired lung function compared with healthy term children.

COPD Risk in Middle-Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Measles

COPD Risk in Middle-Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Measles

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A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.

Early Asthma Symptoms Linked to Lung Function in Adolescents Born Preterm

Early Asthma Symptoms Linked to Lung Function in Adolescents Born Preterm

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Preterm-born children had significantly more frequent preschool wheeze compared with children born at term.

Pulmonary Hypertension Outcomes Predicted by NT-pro BNP

Pulmonary Hypertension Outcomes Predicted by NT-pro BNP

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N-terminal-pro brain natriuretic peptide may be a useful biomarker for both mortality and respiratory exacerbations in pediatric patients with pulmonary hypertension.

Pulmonary Hypertension Mortality Following Cardiac Catheterization

Pulmonary Hypertension Mortality Following Cardiac Catheterization

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Patients with pulmonary hypertension have a high risk for adverse events during and following cardiac catheterization, but high case volume may help ameliorate this risk.

Distinct Lung Function Trajectories Associated With COPD Risk

Distinct Lung Function Trajectories Associated With COPD Risk

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Researchers identified 6 distinct FEV1 lung function trajectories, 3 of which were responsible for 75% of the COPD burden.

Most Parents Willing to Enroll Child in Food Allergen Trials

Most Parents Willing to Enroll Child in Food Allergen Trials

Higher parental income was the only significant positive predictor of willingness to enroll child in a clinical trial.

Recombinant Influenza Vaccine Found to Be Safe in Children

Recombinant Influenza Vaccine Found to Be Safe in Children

Immunogenicity of RIV4 similar to that of inactivated vaccine, although responses to B Victoria were low with both.

High-Flow vs Standard Oxygen Therapy in Infants With Bronchiolitis

High-Flow vs Standard Oxygen Therapy in Infants With Bronchiolitis

High-flow oxygen therapy may be more effective in preventing care escalation in infants with bronchiolitis compared with standard oxygen therapy.

Food Allergy Policies Exist in Many Schools, But Barriers Still Exist

Food Allergy Policies Exist in Many Schools, But Barriers Still Exist

The majority of school nurses report staff training on anaphylaxis and epinephrine availability.

Suicide Risk Not Increased With Oseltamivir in Pediatric Patients

Suicide Risk Not Increased With Oseltamivir in Pediatric Patients

There was no significant correlation with suicide for oseltamavir exposure or for influenza diagnosis alone.

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With or Without Asthma

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With or Without Asthma

Current tobacco smoke exposure is not associated with airflow obstruction in school-aged children, but prenatal smoking is associated with airflow obstruction in children with asthma.

Adenotonsillectomy Reduces Blood Pressure in Children With OSA, Hypertension

Adenotonsillectomy Reduces Blood Pressure in Children With OSA, Hypertension

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Pediatric patients with hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea had significant improvements in blood pressure after adenotonsillectomy.

Early-Onset Eczema May Increase Risk for Childhood Asthma

Early-Onset Eczema May Increase Risk for Childhood Asthma

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Children diagnosed with eczema before the age of 2 years may be at increased risk for early-onset asthma.

Chronic Oral Glucocorticoid Use in Pediatric Asthma May Increase Morbidities

Chronic Oral Glucocorticoid Use in Pediatric Asthma May Increase Morbidities

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Children with asthma who experience chronic oral glucocorticoid exposure may have significant morbidities, including adrenal suppression, recurrent pneumonia, and behavioral problems.

Prenatal Vitamin D May Increase Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis Risk

Prenatal Vitamin D May Increase Pediatric Allergic Rhinitis Risk

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Prenatal vitamin D is associated with an increased risk for allergic rhinitis in children born to African American women, but not white women.

Skin Hypersensitivity in Infants Decreased With Yogurt Consumption

Skin Hypersensitivity in Infants Decreased With Yogurt Consumption

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When testing for sensitivity to histamine, larger swelling sizes were recorded for infants with eczema and atopic dermatitis compared with infants without those conditions.

Older Sibling With Asthma Associated With Risk for Asthma Diagnosis

Older Sibling With Asthma Associated With Risk for Asthma Diagnosis

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Children who had both parental and sibling asthma in their families had an increased risk for asthma.

Risk of Developing Asthma in Children With Parental, Sibling Diagnosis

Risk of Developing Asthma in Children With Parental, Sibling Diagnosis

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Children who had both parental and sibling asthma in their families had an increased risk for asthma.

Safety, Efficacy of Quintupled Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose for Asthma Exacerbation Management

Safety, Efficacy of Quintupled Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose for Asthma Exacerbation Management

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Children with mild to moderate persistent asthma were not more effectively treated with a quintupled dose of inhaled glucocorticoids.

Food Allergies May Be Linked to Unmetabolized Folic Acid at Birth

Food Allergies May Be Linked to Unmetabolized Folic Acid at Birth

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Higher levels of unmetabolized folic acid at birth may be associated with the development of food allergies.

Allergic Disease Risk in Children May Increase With Antibiotic Exposure

Allergic Disease Risk in Children May Increase With Antibiotic Exposure

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Children who are exposed to antibiotics earlier in life may have an increased risk for allergic diseases, including asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis.

Flumist Quadrivalent Vaccine Recommendation Renewed by ACIP

Flumist Quadrivalent Vaccine Recommendation Renewed by ACIP

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The CDC's ACIP has voted in favor of renewing the recommendation for the use of live attenuated influenza vaccine.

Assessment of the Impact of Physical Fitness on Lung Function

Assessment of the Impact of Physical Fitness on Lung Function

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Researchers have identified that although aerobic fitness may improve lung volume in children and young adults, it does not result in improvement in airway caliber.

Proinflammatory Diet Has Adverse Effects on Atopic Wheeze

Proinflammatory Diet Has Adverse Effects on Atopic Wheeze

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The dietary inflammatory index was used to examine the risk for current wheeze with a proinflammatory diet in adults and children.

Effects of Lowering PEEP Below Recommended Values in Pediatric ARDS

Effects of Lowering PEEP Below Recommended Values in Pediatric ARDS

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An overall higher mortality rate was associated with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS management with PEEP levels lower than those recommended by the ARDS Network PEEP/FiO2 protocol.

Maternal, Early Childhood Consumption of Sugary Drinks Linked to Asthma

Maternal, Early Childhood Consumption of Sugary Drinks Linked to Asthma

Maternal prenatal and early childhood intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and fructose is associated with current asthma in midchildhood.

Neonates With Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Does Inhaled Nitric Oxide Reduce Mortality?

Neonates With Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Does Inhaled Nitric Oxide Reduce Mortality?

Off-label use of inhaled nitric oxide is not associated with reduced mortality in neonates born at 22 to 29 weeks'gestation with RDS.

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

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Nasopharyngeal samples collected from young children with acute otitis media were analyzed for S pneumoniae, H influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis and compared before and after PCV13 introduction.

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