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Nebulized Antibiotics May Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Occurrence

Nebulized Antibiotics May Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Occurrence

Prophylactic antibiotics administered to patients who were mechanically ventilated reduced the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Inhaled Corticosteroids Do Not Increase Risk for Pneumonia in COPD

Inhaled Corticosteroids Do Not Increase Risk for Pneumonia in COPD

In contrast to previous study findings, inhaled corticosteroids do not appear to increase risk for pneumonia in patients with COPD with moderate airflow limitation.

Empiric Antibiotic Therapy Use in Hospital-acquired and Ventilator-associated Pneumonia

Empiric Antibiotic Therapy Use in Hospital-acquired and Ventilator-associated Pneumonia

Strictly following empirical antimicrobial treatment guidelines in patients with hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated pneumonia may result in overtreatment with antibiotics.

Delafloxacin Effective for Community-Acquired Respiratory Tract Infections

Delafloxacin Effective for Community-Acquired Respiratory Tract Infections

Study results indicate that delafloxacin has potent in-vitro activity against most common pathogens seen in community-acquired pneumonia.

Improving Length of Stay, Mortality in Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Improving Length of Stay, Mortality in Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Combination antibiotic therapy with a macrolide improves hospital length of stay in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia.

Prolonged Hospitalization Predictors in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Prolonged Hospitalization Predictors in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired complicated pneumonia.

Pneumococcal Vaccination Uptake Lower in Minority Populations

Pneumococcal Vaccination Uptake Lower in Minority Populations

Low education and low income are linked to lower uptakes of PCV13 in minorities 65 years and older.

Beta-Lactams vs Azithromycin in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Beta-Lactams vs Azithromycin in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Investigators found that macrolides correlated with lower odds of treatment failure in patients younger than 5 with CAP.

Procalcitonin Diagnostic Algorithm Useful in Bacterial Pneumonia

Procalcitonin Diagnostic Algorithm Useful in Bacterial Pneumonia

Using serum procalcitonin levels to diagnose and manage bacterial pneumonia decreases length of hospital stay.

Pneumococcal Vaccination Trends in Work vs Non-Work-Related Asthma

Pneumococcal Vaccination Trends in Work vs Non-Work-Related Asthma

Fewer than half of patients with asthma have received a pneumococcal vaccination.

PCV13 and PCV10 Vaccines Showed High Efficacy Against Pneumococcal Pneumonia Serotypes

PCV13 and PCV10 Vaccines Showed High Efficacy Against Pneumococcal Pneumonia Serotypes

While the newest high-valent PCV10 and PCV13 vaccines are effective in preventing IPD caused by the serotypes within the vaccines, breakthrough patterns of conversion to non-PCV13 serotypes are emerging.

Pneumonia Outcomes Predicted by Time to Positivity of Blood Culture

Pneumonia Outcomes Predicted by Time to Positivity of Blood Culture

Early time to positivity of blood culture in patients with bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia predicted the risk for invasive mechanical ventilation.

GERD Associated With Long-Term Risk of Pneumonia

GERD Associated With Long-Term Risk of Pneumonia

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is associated with long-term risk of pneumonia, especially in the younger population and in patients who have been treated with proton pump inhibitors.

Case Report: Zoonotic Chlamydia caviae Linked to Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Case Report: Zoonotic Chlamydia caviae Linked to Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Three cases of community-acquired pneumonia were reported in otherwise healthy adults.

COPD Linked to Diabetes and Post-Diabetes Pneumonia

COPD Linked to Diabetes and Post-Diabetes Pneumonia

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, particularly with exacerbations, have an increased risk for diabetes development.

Increased CVD Risk in Men Following Sepsis, Pneumonia

Increased CVD Risk in Men Following Sepsis, Pneumonia

Men have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease for more than 5 years following either sepsis or pneumonia.

Pulmonary Rehabilitation Benefits in COPD, Lung Cancer, and Other Respiratory Conditions

Pulmonary Rehabilitation Benefits in COPD, Lung Cancer, and Other Respiratory Conditions

Recent research suggests that perioperative and postoperative pulmonary rehabilitation improves outcomes in patients undergoing thoracic surgery.

Community-Acquired Pneumococcal Pneumonia Treatment Outcomes in HIV Immunosuppression

Community-Acquired Pneumococcal Pneumonia Treatment Outcomes in HIV Immunosuppression

Patients had similar outcomes with standardized treatment for community-acquired pneumococcal pneumonia regardless of HIV status.

Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: Challenges in Diagnosis and Management

Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: Challenges in Diagnosis and Management

An estimated 55% to 85% of hospital-acquired pneumonia infections involve gram-negative bacteria, while 20% to 30% of cases involve gram-positive cocci.

Hypoxemia, Breathing Difficulty May Indicate Pneumonia in Children

Hypoxemia, Breathing Difficulty May Indicate Pneumonia in Children

Clinical symptoms of pneumonia should be identified quickly in pediatric patients to prevent inappropriate therapy.

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