The rate of liquid nicotine exposure in children younger than 6 years of age has declined since 2015, but it continues to pose a serious poisoning risk.
Decline was observed in race-based disparities in years of life lost in the United States from 1990 to 2014.
April 28, 2018 is National Prescription Drug Take Back Day.
There were no observable differences in the incidence of any cardiovascular events across the smoking cessation treatment groups.
Stronger correlation was seen between electronic cigarette use and marijuana in younger adolescents, aged 12 to 14 years, than for older teens.
In a wide ranging statement, the FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, specifically targets novel nicotine-delivery products as being problematic since many of these devices resemble USB flash drives, have high nicotine levels and have emissions that are hard to see.
This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.
Children who were born preterm had an increased likelihood of developing impaired lung function compared with healthy term children.
In men younger than 50, the more cigarettes smoked linked to increased risk for ischemic stroke.
A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.
In a study of hospitalized smokers who planned to quit smoking post-discharge, users of e-cigarettes were not as likely as nonusers to refrain from using tobacco at 6 months. However, e-cigarette use in the study population was irregular; further research is necessary to study whether regular e-cigarette use helps or hampers efforts to quit smoking.
Current smoking linked to higher mean left ventricular mass index and lower mean left ventricular circumferential strain.
More average life years gained from cessation and more treatment costs averted for the poorest 20%.
There was an increased risk for all-cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular emergency department visits, especially in individuals older than 65.
Early intervention in the case of respiratory compromise in patients with multiple sclerosis has the potential to prevent infection and maintain pulmonary function.
Majority of patients say they want to know about even minor consequences of cancer drug substitutions.
Although 16.2% of small employers used tobacco surcharges, 47% of those did not offer tobacco cessation counseling.
Researchers found stronger negative associations for participants with polypharmacy between the ages of 60 and 64 years and at 69 years.
Although varenicline was effective for short-term smoking cessation, more than half of the patients in the EVITA trial relapsed after 1 year.
Enrollees have more chronic conditions and health care use vs other privately insured individuals.
Researchers found increased myocardial infarction rates during the week after Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza infections.
Researchers observed a strong linear pattern between smoking status and dietary energy density in current smokers.
Findings for subsequent allergic disease following infant exposure in the first six months of life.
Researchers assessed the relationship between prevention of RSV in preterm infants and the frequency of subsequent wheeze in childhood.
Higher serum bactericidal activity following immunization with PRP-CRM197 reflected superior short-term and long-term seroprotective effects compared with immunization with PRP-T.
For adolescents, receptivity was highest for e-cigarette ads and was linked to trying cigarettes.
The more chemicals in e-liquid, the more toxic it is likely to be; in addition, vanillin tied to higher toxicity.
Electronic cigarettes were once thought to be a helpful smoking cessation tool, but new evidence suggests they may be as if not more harmful than combustible cigarettes.
At 6 months, researchers found a negative association between electronic cigarette use and subsequent smoking cessation.
To examine the link between cardiovascular disease and sleep apnea, The Cardiology Advisor spoke with cardiologist Seth S. Martin, MD, MHS, FACC, FAHA and sleep specialist Rachel Marie E. Salas, MD, FAAN.
The FDA is seeking data, research, and general information regarding the role that flavors play in youth smoking.
The majority of school nurses report staff training on anaphylaxis and epinephrine availability.
Prenatal and early life stress, including societal stress, have been implicated in the development of asthma and other allergic diseases in children.
Despite 8 of the 10 flights taking place during influenza season, results of quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays for 18 common respiratory viruses were all negative.
A routine chest radiograph after ultrasound-guided central venous catheter insertion is now considered costly and unnecessary.
Compared with whites, blacks had significantly higher exposure to PM2.5.
On a population level, electronic cigarettes are associated with more harm than benefit.
Pediatric patients with hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea had significant improvements in blood pressure after adenotonsillectomy.
An integrated proteomic classifier accurately identified benign lung nodules when used in patients with a pretest probability of malignancy ≤50%.
Individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who met physical activity guidelines experienced the greatest reductions in all-cause, CVD, and respiratory mortality risk.
Intermittent use of high-dose glucocorticoids did not increase the risk for fracture in patients with COPD.
Acetaminophen use and overdosing increases during cold and flu season.
A revisit to the emergency department within 30 days of a previous visit predicted poor outcomes in elderly adults.
According to a systematic literature review, there was inconclusive evidence that single indoor allergen interventions were effective at improving asthma outcomes.
Short-acting beta-agonists for asthma management may reduce fertility rates in women with asthma.
High-wattage electronic cigarettes may cause airway epithelial injury and small airway constriction.
Prenatal vitamin D is associated with an increased risk for allergic rhinitis in children born to African American women, but not white women.
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea had higher rates of hospital readmission when not adherent to continuous positive airway pressure therapy.
Overall, 7.2% of women who gave birth in 2016 smoked cigarettes during pregnancy.
The CDC's ACIP has voted in favor of renewing the recommendation for the use of live attenuated influenza vaccine.
Lead and other toxic metals may leak from some electronic cigarettes' heating coils and are present in the aerosols that are inhaled by users.
Researchers have identified that although aerobic fitness may improve lung volume in children and young adults, it does not result in improvement in airway caliber.
Patients with COPD and heightened cardiovascular risk received respiratory benefits from long-acting beta-agonist therapy without increasing their cardiovascular risk, regardless of beta-blocker therapy.
Cardiac surgery during influenza season is an independent risk factor for acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Researchers evaluated whether duration of breastfeeding was associated with a modified risk for asthma development in children.
Participants underwent a pre- and post-bronchodilator spirometry, single-breath diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide, CT, and echocardiogram.
Investigators sought to determine the association between maternal vaccination and infant mortality.
Exposure to chemical agents while cleaning may be at increased risk for accelerated decline in lung function.
As a result of activating the inflammatory-immune system, pneumonia may trigger cardiovascular complications.
Compared with individuals who never used tobacco, exclusive current cigarette smokers and exclusive current cigar smokers had increased all-cause mortality risks.
Study examines increased physical activity may lower the risk for several cancers and may be beneficial for improving quality of life.
A 67-year-old man presents for his yearly wellness visit and reports some shortness of breath since the Sonoma-Napa wildfires but otherwise feels well.
The researchers found that greater perception of harm from e-cigarettes was associated with lower odds of susceptibility to using e-cigarettes and current use of e-cigarettes.
Maternal prenatal and early childhood intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and fructose is associated with current asthma in midchildhood.
The recommended childhood and adolescent immunization schedule for the United States has been issued for 2018.
A CHEST expert panel has released updated guidelines for lung cancer screening.
Respiratory symptoms that develop between the ages of 18 and 30 may hold prognostic value for later decline in lung function.
A new biodegradable pressure sensor device may make monitoring patients with chronic lung disease easier during surgery.
Patient, practice, and provider characteristics are associated with inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing in the outpatient setting.
Patients who underwent lung resections had reduced postoperative complication rates when they participated in preoperative exercise.
The preoperative physiotherapy intervention cut the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications by 50%.
Influenza increased the risk for acute myocardial infarction within 1 year before and 1 year after the infection.
Clinical practice guidelines for anticoagulation therapy for cardiopulmonary bypass has been released.
A new 14-year analysis indicate that adults are getting more sleep each night despite the prevalence of sleep duration among Americans.
Respiratory viruses were identified in 55% of febrile infants; those older than 28 days had a lower risk of bacterial infection when they tested positive for a respiratory virus.
Patient reminder and recall systems seem to be effective for improving receipt of immunizations.
Overall, 29.2% of veterans report current use of 1 of 5 tobacco products.
Researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases are working to develop a universal influenza vaccine.
Qualitative risk statements of malignancy for indeterminate pulmonary nodules are imprecise, highly variable, and should be replaced by a standard scale.
The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation has provided treatment updates on various aspects of CPR.
Vaccination for influenza for multiple seasons is twice as effective in preventing severe influenza.
The cancer death rate declined by 1.5% annually from 2006 to 2015 in the United States.
Lung cancer screening based on USPSTF criteria decreased from 2010 to 2015 while risk-targeted screening is associated with modest gains in terms of early lung cancer mortality per person screened.
Few modern, US FDA-approved immuno-oncology agents have durable survival and response rates that are deemed significant by the ASCO value framework.
Preoperative accelerometry can assess cardiopulmonary fitness in patients scheduled for major surgery.
Non-cigarette tobacco use is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking among US adolescents.
Pharmaceutical aids are not effective for increasing long-term smoking cessation.
Individuals taking varenicline for smoking cessation may be at an increased risk of cardiovascular events.
Eating fruits and vegetables may delay decline in lung function, especially in former smokers.
Smoking cessation drug varenicline also reduces heavy drinking., especially in men.
Life expectancy decreased by one-tenth of a year from 2015-2016.
Evaluating the benefits of wearable fitness technology.
Frequent discrepancies between the electronic discharge summaries and the discharge prescriptions were found at a regional hospital in Australia.
Post-discharge symptoms self-reported by frail, elderly adults may predict 30-day hospital readmission visits.
Smoking cessation outcomes improve with abstinence contingent incentives.
Few cases of lung cancer suspected in counties with smoke-free ordinances.
The use of spirometry during infancy or early adulthood may help identify individuals at risk for poor health outcomes
A prospective study evaluated whether chronic exposure to air pollution increased risk for pregnancy loss.
Smokers with asthma have been encouraged to switch from conventional to electronic cigarettes, but the latter may still cause respiratory damage.