After 2.1 years of follow-up, 49% of patients who had emphysema on chest CT were readmitted for heart failure and 24% had died.
In general, routine annual vaccination is recommended for all patients ≥6 months of age who have no contraindications.
Exposure in nonsmoking adolescents linked to increased risk for emergency department and/or urgent care visits.
EPA predicts between 470 and 1400 premature deaths a year by 2030.
Air pollution advisories and air quality alerts have been issued for Washington and Oregon.
Tobacco content occurred in 33% of all programs; 8% of all advertisements or trailer breaks.
E-cigarette vapor condensate is cytotoxic at lower concentrations than e-cigarette liquid, which results in increased apoptosis.
Prolonged exposure to planetary dust could impair airway and lung function and increase the risk of diseases like cancer.
There was a low risk of pneumothorax and catheter misplacement after a ultrasound-guided procedure.
From 2000 to 2015, individuals without insurance or usual care were less likely to have undergone cancer screening.
The American Medical Association urges federal government to regulate e-cigarettes, including a requirement to list nicotine content.
E-cigarette users had significantly higher odds of exposure to second-hand smoke and of consuming alcohol, after adjustments for age, gender, and ethnicity.
Average monthly sales of electronic cigarettes and related products rose 132% from 2012 to 2017.
The FDA aims to support the development of novel inhaled nicotine replacement therapies to combat the public health crisis of tobacco use in the United States.
Pfizer has terminated the ALLOZITHRO trial (N=480) due to this increased risk.
Dual users of conventional cigarettes and electronic cigarettes had the highest prevalence of respiratory symptoms.
Hospitalization risk was also reduced for RA patients who received influenza vaccination.
Reducing the number of computers in surgical intensive care units reduced barriers to communication.
Inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions were highest among urgent care facilities (45.7%), with emergency departments (24.6%), medical offices (17.0%), and retail clinics (14.4%) following.
Over 20 years, a 1-L reduction in alcohol intake was linked to a 3.9% decrease in overall cancer mortality.
Immune priming with seasonal H1N1 viruses earlier in life and egg-adaptation in vaccines can impact antibody responses following influenza vaccination.
Medicare beneficiaries spent more out of pocket for generic medications used to treat cardiovascular disease than patients using standalone prescription drug plans.
Researchers aim to assess the influence of organic solvent exposure on the risk for developing multiple sclerosis.
More than 9 million smokers have attempted to quit because of Tips from Former Smokers Campaign.
Results of a pooled analysis of cross-sectional studies demonstrated an increase in cough, sputum production, wheezing, and dyspnea from marijuana use.
Obesity paradox in type 2 diabetes was pronounced in current smokers and absent in never smokers.
The US Centers for Disease Control offers steps to minimize exposure to wildfire smoke, particularly for those with chronic conditions.
The recall affects approximately 470,000 units that include drugs packaged with 3 to 10 tablets per blister card. The blister packs were developed for use in hospitals, however some were sent to retail pharmacies and were likely dispensed for in-home use.
Lone star tick is most common in the South, but may be spreading to new areas.
The device is indicated for ultrasound echo imaging, measurement, and analysis of the human body for general clinical applications including musculoskeletal, vascular, small parts (breast, thyroid), and lung imaging.
Commission makes 6 recommendations to meet 2030 goals for non-communicable diseases.
Factors that could increase risk for heat-related illnesses include age-related changes to skin as well as heart, lung, and kidney diseases.
About 10 percent of youth report smoking hookah, with smoking mainly occurring in the home environment.
Smoking marijuana seems to be associated with increased risk of cough, sputum production, and wheezing.
Few JUUL-related Twitter posts mention topic of smoking cessation.
Increase in all-cause, cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, kidney disease, suicide, and COPD mortality.
Of the more than 2000 US college campuses with smoke-free policies, 83.7% were tobacco-free and 79.6% and 41% had prohibited electronic cigarette use and hookah smoking, respectively.
Interviews showed some quitters deliberately switch from conventional cigarettes to e-cigarettes while some use both.
E-cigarettes should be regulated as tobacco products and their sale to youth should be banned worldwide, according to a statement from the Forum of International Respiratory Societies.
The researchers argued that outpatient antibiotic stewardship efforts must be strengthened to eliminate antibiotic treatment for viral upper respiratory infections and acute bronchitis.
Adjustment for varenicline use as a post-cessation treatment linked to increase in beneficial effect.
The inclusion of residual volume-to-total lung capacity ratio may add another dimension to COPD not routinely captured by standard airflow indices that could be predictive of lower maximum exercise capacity.
The United States Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend screening with resting or exercise electrocardiography in asymptomatic individuals at low risk for cardiovascular disease events.
Electronic cigarettes was the most commonly used tobacco product in high and middle school students in 2017.
The American Academy of Family Physicians and other signatories called on FDA to apply the proposal to other combustible tobacco products.
Targeted sequencing, whole-genome sequencing, and whole-genome bisulfite sequencing showed potential for detecting lung cancer.
A total of 8 quantitative radiologic features were used to characterize indeterminate screen-detected lung nodules.
In adolescent e-cigarette users, stronger nicotine dependence was associated with being in a higher grade in school, vaping at an earlier age, vaping more frequently, and the use of higher nicotine concentrations.
Body mass index and body fat distribution may influence smoking behaviors.
Systematic early lactate measurements speed antibiotic administration and improve outcomes in patients with sepsis.
Adherence to Mediterranean diet may attenuate association of nitrous oxide with all-cause mortality.
Redeemable deposits and rewards were superior to free smoking cessation aids with respect to sustained abstinence.
Flavoring commonly used in e-cigarettes suppresses cilia beat frequency, lasting for 60 minutes.
Obesity may be linked with an increased risk of smoking as well as an increase in the number of cigarettes smoked per day.
Researchers examined the relationship between smoking marijuana and the decline in FEV1 in adults aged 40 years and older.
Overall, there was a 1.61-fold increase in risk for elevated blood pressure in children with highest vs lowest tertile of PM2.5.
Children with exposure to secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke have an increased rate of emergency department visits.
General medicine readmissions within 7 days were more amendable to hospital-based interventions.
Although cigarette taxes were supposedly implemented to encourage smokers to quit, they can have a disproportionate effect on people of low-income status.
A high impact was seen, especially when the vaccine uptake was optimally distributed across age groups.
The rate of liquid nicotine exposure in children younger than 6 years of age has declined since 2015, but it continues to pose a serious poisoning risk.
Decline was observed in race-based disparities in years of life lost in the United States from 1990 to 2014.
April 28, 2018 is National Prescription Drug Take Back Day.
There were no observable differences in the incidence of any cardiovascular events across the smoking cessation treatment groups.
Stronger correlation was seen between electronic cigarette use and marijuana in younger adolescents, aged 12 to 14 years, than for older teens.
In a wide ranging statement, the FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, specifically targets novel nicotine-delivery products as being problematic since many of these devices resemble USB flash drives, have high nicotine levels and have emissions that are hard to see.
This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.
Children who were born preterm had an increased likelihood of developing impaired lung function compared with healthy term children.
In men younger than 50, the more cigarettes smoked linked to increased risk for ischemic stroke.
A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.
In a study of hospitalized smokers who planned to quit smoking post-discharge, users of e-cigarettes were not as likely as nonusers to refrain from using tobacco at 6 months. However, e-cigarette use in the study population was irregular; further research is necessary to study whether regular e-cigarette use helps or hampers efforts to quit smoking.
Current smoking linked to higher mean left ventricular mass index and lower mean left ventricular circumferential strain.
More average life years gained from cessation and more treatment costs averted for the poorest 20%.
There was an increased risk for all-cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular emergency department visits, especially in individuals older than 65.
Early intervention in the case of respiratory compromise in patients with multiple sclerosis has the potential to prevent infection and maintain pulmonary function.
Majority of patients say they want to know about even minor consequences of cancer drug substitutions.
Although 16.2% of small employers used tobacco surcharges, 47% of those did not offer tobacco cessation counseling.
Researchers found stronger negative associations for participants with polypharmacy between the ages of 60 and 64 years and at 69 years.
Although varenicline was effective for short-term smoking cessation, more than half of the patients in the EVITA trial relapsed after 1 year.
Enrollees have more chronic conditions and health care use vs other privately insured individuals.
Researchers found increased myocardial infarction rates during the week after Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza infections.
Researchers observed a strong linear pattern between smoking status and dietary energy density in current smokers.
Findings for subsequent allergic disease following infant exposure in the first six months of life.
Researchers assessed the relationship between prevention of RSV in preterm infants and the frequency of subsequent wheeze in childhood.
Higher serum bactericidal activity following immunization with PRP-CRM197 reflected superior short-term and long-term seroprotective effects compared with immunization with PRP-T.
For adolescents, receptivity was highest for e-cigarette ads and was linked to trying cigarettes.
The more chemicals in e-liquid, the more toxic it is likely to be; in addition, vanillin tied to higher toxicity.
Electronic cigarettes were once thought to be a helpful smoking cessation tool, but new evidence suggests they may be as if not more harmful than combustible cigarettes.
At 6 months, researchers found a negative association between electronic cigarette use and subsequent smoking cessation.
To examine the link between cardiovascular disease and sleep apnea, The Cardiology Advisor spoke with cardiologist Seth S. Martin, MD, MHS, FACC, FAHA and sleep specialist Rachel Marie E. Salas, MD, FAAN.
The FDA is seeking data, research, and general information regarding the role that flavors play in youth smoking.
The majority of school nurses report staff training on anaphylaxis and epinephrine availability.
Prenatal and early life stress, including societal stress, have been implicated in the development of asthma and other allergic diseases in children.
Despite 8 of the 10 flights taking place during influenza season, results of quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays for 18 common respiratory viruses were all negative.
A routine chest radiograph after ultrasound-guided central venous catheter insertion is now considered costly and unnecessary.
Compared with whites, blacks had significantly higher exposure to PM2.5.
On a population level, electronic cigarettes are associated with more harm than benefit.
Pediatric patients with hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea had significant improvements in blood pressure after adenotonsillectomy.
An integrated proteomic classifier accurately identified benign lung nodules when used in patients with a pretest probability of malignancy ≤50%.
Individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who met physical activity guidelines experienced the greatest reductions in all-cause, CVD, and respiratory mortality risk.