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ACOG: Updated Recommendations for Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy

ACOG: Updated Recommendations for Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy

This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.

Decreased Lung Function More Prevalent in Preterm Born Children

Decreased Lung Function More Prevalent in Preterm Born Children

Children who were born preterm had an increased likelihood of developing impaired lung function compared with healthy term children.

Number of Cigarettes Smoked Daily Tied to Stroke Risk

Number of Cigarettes Smoked Daily Tied to Stroke Risk

In men younger than 50, the more cigarettes smoked linked to increased risk for ischemic stroke.

COPD Risk in Middle-Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Measles

COPD Risk in Middle-Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Measles

A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.

E-cigarette use may hamper smoking cessation for smokers planning to quit post-hospitalization

In a study of hospitalized smokers who planned to quit smoking post-discharge, users of e-cigarettes were not as likely as nonusers to refrain from using tobacco at 6 months. However, e-cigarette use in the study population was irregular; further research is necessary to study whether regular e-cigarette use helps or hampers efforts to quit smoking.

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

Current smoking linked to higher mean left ventricular mass index and lower mean left ventricular circumferential strain.

Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

More average life years gained from cessation and more treatment costs averted for the poorest 20%.

Wildfire Smoke Exposure Tied to Higher CV, Cerebrovascular ER Visits

Wildfire Smoke Exposure Tied to Higher CV, Cerebrovascular ER Visits

There was an increased risk for all-cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular emergency department visits, especially in individuals older than 65.

Respiratory Muscle Training in Multiple Sclerosis: Assessing the Evidence

Respiratory Muscle Training in Multiple Sclerosis: Assessing the Evidence

Early intervention in the case of respiratory compromise in patients with multiple sclerosis has the potential to prevent infection and maintain pulmonary function.

Most Patients Are Unaware of Cancer Drug Shortages

Most Patients Are Unaware of Cancer Drug Shortages

Majority of patients say they want to know about even minor consequences of cancer drug substitutions.

Small Employers Do Not Often Provide Tobacco Cessation Help

Small Employers Do Not Often Provide Tobacco Cessation Help

Although 16.2% of small employers used tobacco surcharges, 47% of those did not offer tobacco cessation counseling.

Polypharmacy Linked to Poorer Cognitive, Physical Capability

Polypharmacy Linked to Poorer Cognitive, Physical Capability

Researchers found stronger negative associations for participants with polypharmacy between the ages of 60 and 64 years and at 69 years.

Smoking Cessation Rates in Acute Coronary Syndrome With Varenicline

Smoking Cessation Rates in Acute Coronary Syndrome With Varenicline

Although varenicline was effective for short-term smoking cessation, more than half of the patients in the EVITA trial relapsed after 1 year.

ACA Marketplaces Expand Coverage for Chronically Ill

ACA Marketplaces Expand Coverage for Chronically Ill

Enrollees have more chronic conditions and health care use vs other privately insured individuals.

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

Researchers found increased myocardial infarction rates during the week after Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza infections.

Smokers Have Lower Quality Diets vs Former and Nonsmokers

Smokers Have Lower Quality Diets vs Former and Nonsmokers

Researchers observed a strong linear pattern between smoking status and dietary energy density in current smokers.

Antibiotics, Acid-Suppressive Meds Tied to Allergic Disease

Antibiotics, Acid-Suppressive Meds Tied to Allergic Disease

Findings for subsequent allergic disease following infant exposure in the first six months of life.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention and Asthma in Preterm Infants

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention and Asthma in Preterm Infants

Researchers assessed the relationship between prevention of RSV in preterm infants and the frequency of subsequent wheeze in childhood.

Prevention of Vaccine Failure in Haemophilus influenzae Type B Vaccines

Prevention of Vaccine Failure in Haemophilus influenzae Type B Vaccines

Higher serum bactericidal activity following immunization with PRP-CRM197 reflected superior short-term and long-term seroprotective effects compared with immunization with PRP-T.

Receptivity to Tobacco Ads Linked to Progression to Use

Receptivity to Tobacco Ads Linked to Progression to Use

For adolescents, receptivity was highest for e-cigarette ads and was linked to trying cigarettes.

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