Researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases are working to develop a universal influenza vaccine.
Qualitative risk statements of malignancy for indeterminate pulmonary nodules are imprecise, highly variable, and should be replaced by a standard scale.
The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation has provided treatment updates on various aspects of CPR.
Vaccination for influenza for multiple seasons is twice as effective in preventing severe influenza.
The cancer death rate declined by 1.5% annually from 2006 to 2015 in the United States.
Lung cancer screening based on USPSTF criteria decreased from 2010 to 2015 while risk-targeted screening is associated with modest gains in terms of early lung cancer mortality per person screened.
Few modern, US FDA-approved immuno-oncology agents have durable survival and response rates that are deemed significant by the ASCO value framework.
Preoperative accelerometry can assess cardiopulmonary fitness in patients scheduled for major surgery.
Non-cigarette tobacco use is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking among US adolescents.
Pharmaceutical aids are not effective for increasing long-term smoking cessation.
Individuals taking varenicline for smoking cessation may be at an increased risk of cardiovascular events.
Eating fruits and vegetables may delay decline in lung function, especially in former smokers.
Smoking cessation drug varenicline also reduces heavy drinking., especially in men.
Life expectancy decreased by one-tenth of a year from 2015-2016.
Evaluating the benefits of wearable fitness technology.
Frequent discrepancies between the electronic discharge summaries and the discharge prescriptions were found at a regional hospital in Australia.
Post-discharge symptoms self-reported by frail, elderly adults may predict 30-day hospital readmission visits.
Smoking cessation outcomes improve with abstinence contingent incentives.
Few cases of lung cancer suspected in counties with smoke-free ordinances.
The use of spirometry during infancy or early adulthood may help identify individuals at risk for poor health outcomes
A prospective study evaluated whether chronic exposure to air pollution increased risk for pregnancy loss.
Smokers with asthma have been encouraged to switch from conventional to electronic cigarettes, but the latter may still cause respiratory damage.
Concentrations of black carbon, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter were higher in traffic-polluted areas, and linked to more instances of cough, sputum, and shortness of breath.
A glycoprotein mutation in fertilized chicken eggs may be the cause of the limited effectiveness of the 2016-2017 flu vaccine.
Improvements in cancer survival were limited to patients with private insurance, from 1997-2014.
Obstructive sleep apenea may increase the amyloid burden in cognitively normal older patients.
An estimated 42.0% of all incident cancers and 45.1% of cancer deaths in the United States are attributed to potentially modifiable risk factors.
Individuals who are HIV-positive may be at a higher risk for increased pulmonary pressure and mortality.
Exercise and diet improves asthma control in nonobese patients with asthma.
Prenatal tobacco smoke exposure appears to be associated with airflow obstruction in children who have asthma.