The risk for obstructive lung disease was nearly 8 times greater in heavy stable smokers compared with never-smokers.
Repeated exposure to the influenza virus affects antibody quantity and quality, and strains selected for seasonal vaccines may not provide coverage sufficient for individuals frequently infected and/or vaccinated.
Elderly patients who have been inoculated with the influenza vaccine and who also use a statin are at a greater risk for medically attended acute respiratory illness.
The burden of childhood and infant pneumonia can be effectively reduced through the use of the pneumococcal Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine.
Infants who presented with pulmonary symptoms when diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease had a higher incidence of early onset asthma compared with infants who did not have pulmonary symptoms.
For patients with CAP, antibiotic regimens including a fluoroquinolone may reduce mortality risk by 1-2% compared to beta-lactams and cephalosporins alone.
Standard pen needles have an outer cover and removable inner needle cover, while safety pen needles have an outer cover and a fixed inner needle shield that is not removed before an injection.
Combustible use was the most prevalent; 61.7% of cannabis users report using multiple methods.
For women and men, 35 and 30 countries expected to meet Sustainable Development Goal target 3.4
Small devices deliver addictive nicotine dose without noxious taste; pose danger to adolescents.
However, the intervention engaged young adults and increased abstinence at the end of 3-month treatment.
Changing pollination patterns, extreme weather events, rising sea levels, air pollution, and extreme temperatures all negatively affect respiratory conditions.
Vaccination rates decreased throughout the day; with intervention, there was a similar increase throughout day.
'The Real Cost' Youth E-Cigarette Prevention Campaign from the FDA is targeting at-risk youth.
Guidance focuses on Americans posted in overseas settings with high ambient levels of air pollution.
Inadequate regulation of carbon pollution will likely have current and future consequences for human health.
The data showed matched odds ratio for current vs past use of PPIs to be 0.88 (95% CI, 0.36 to 2.16) when comparing cases and their controls for community-acquired pneumonia. With regard to lower respiratory tract infections, the matched odds ratio between cases and their controls was 1.13 (95% CI, 0.87 to 1.48).
Electronic cigarette use is higher in male students and current users of e-cigarettes or other tobacco products.
The American Heart Association has updated their disaster resources page with the latest tips to keep in mind when counseling patients ahead of a natural disaster.
Adults aged 18 to 34 years had the highest frequency of marijuana use compared with all other age groups, and a small percentage of respondents reported using multiple different forms of marijuana per year.
When assessing age-specific groups, researchers observed that adults within the LBGTQ community, those with chronic health conditions, men, and current combustible cigarette smokers had higher rates of e-cigarette use.
Flavored products as a percent of all e-cigarette sales hit 19.8%; variations were seen by product type and state.
Highest use of tobacco seen in Native Hawaiians, Indians, Alaskans, and the lowest use in Asians.
More than 1200 warning letters and fines have been sent to retailers and major e-cigarette manufacturers.
On visual inspection by bronchoscopy, airways of e-cigarette users appeared friable and erythematous.
Smokers with immediate vs gradual reduction had significantly lower levels of smoke exposure.
Overall, 5 phenotypes were identified and differentiated mainly by patterns of wheezing and aeroallergen sensitization: low wheeze-low atopy, low wheeze-high atopy, transient wheeze-low atopy, high wheeze-low atopy, and high wheeze-high atopy.
The benefits of cardiorespiratory fitness extended well into the later part of life for middle-aged men without cardiovascular disease.
Prevalence of marijuana use was 20% in states with legal recreational use and 12% where no use is legal.
Approximately 300 proteins were differentially expressed in epithelial cells from biopsy samples in smoker and vaper airways, only 78 proteins were commonly altered in both groups, and 113 were uniquely altered in vapers.