Prevention

COPD Risk in Middle-Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Measles

COPD Risk in Middle-Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Measles

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A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.

E-cigarette use may hamper smoking cessation for smokers planning to quit post-hospitalization

In a study of hospitalized smokers who planned to quit smoking post-discharge, users of e-cigarettes were not as likely as nonusers to refrain from using tobacco at 6 months. However, e-cigarette use in the study population was irregular; further research is necessary to study whether regular e-cigarette use helps or hampers efforts to quit smoking.

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

Current smoking linked to higher mean left ventricular mass index and lower mean left ventricular circumferential strain.

Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

More average life years gained from cessation and more treatment costs averted for the poorest 20%.

Wildfire Smoke Exposure Tied to Higher CV, Cerebrovascular ER Visits

Wildfire Smoke Exposure Tied to Higher CV, Cerebrovascular ER Visits

There was an increased risk for all-cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular emergency department visits, especially in individuals older than 65.

Respiratory Muscle Training in Multiple Sclerosis: Assessing the Evidence

Respiratory Muscle Training in Multiple Sclerosis: Assessing the Evidence

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Early intervention in the case of respiratory compromise in patients with multiple sclerosis has the potential to prevent infection and maintain pulmonary function.

Most Patients Are Unaware of Cancer Drug Shortages

Most Patients Are Unaware of Cancer Drug Shortages

Majority of patients say they want to know about even minor consequences of cancer drug substitutions.

Small Employers Do Not Often Provide Tobacco Cessation Help

Small Employers Do Not Often Provide Tobacco Cessation Help

Although 16.2% of small employers used tobacco surcharges, 47% of those did not offer tobacco cessation counseling.

Polypharmacy Linked to Poorer Cognitive, Physical Capability

Polypharmacy Linked to Poorer Cognitive, Physical Capability

Researchers found stronger negative associations for participants with polypharmacy between the ages of 60 and 64 years and at 69 years.

Smoking Cessation Rates in Acute Coronary Syndrome With Varenicline

Smoking Cessation Rates in Acute Coronary Syndrome With Varenicline

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Although varenicline was effective for short-term smoking cessation, more than half of the patients in the EVITA trial relapsed after 1 year.

ACA Marketplaces Expand Coverage for Chronically Ill

ACA Marketplaces Expand Coverage for Chronically Ill

Enrollees have more chronic conditions and health care use vs other privately insured individuals.

Smokers Have Lower Quality Diets vs Former and Nonsmokers

Smokers Have Lower Quality Diets vs Former and Nonsmokers

Researchers observed a strong linear pattern between smoking status and dietary energy density in current smokers.

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

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Researchers found increased myocardial infarction rates during the week after Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza infections.

Antibiotics, Acid-Suppressive Meds Tied to Allergic Disease

Antibiotics, Acid-Suppressive Meds Tied to Allergic Disease

Findings for subsequent allergic disease following infant exposure in the first six months of life.

Prevention of Vaccine Failure in <i>Haemophilus influenzae</i> Type B Vaccines

Prevention of Vaccine Failure in Haemophilus influenzae Type B Vaccines

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Higher serum bactericidal activity following immunization with PRP-CRM197 reflected superior short-term and long-term seroprotective effects compared with immunization with PRP-T.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention and Asthma in Preterm Infants

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention and Asthma in Preterm Infants

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Researchers assessed the relationship between prevention of RSV in preterm infants and the frequency of subsequent wheeze in childhood.

Receptivity to Tobacco Ads Linked to Progression to Use

Receptivity to Tobacco Ads Linked to Progression to Use

For adolescents, receptivity was highest for e-cigarette ads and was linked to trying cigarettes.

Liquids in E-Cigarettes Are Heterogeneous, Frequently Toxic

Liquids in E-Cigarettes Are Heterogeneous, Frequently Toxic

The more chemicals in e-liquid, the more toxic it is likely to be; in addition, vanillin tied to higher toxicity.

The Mounting Evidence Against Electronic Cigarette Use

The Mounting Evidence Against Electronic Cigarette Use

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Electronic cigarettes were once thought to be a helpful smoking cessation tool, but new evidence suggests they may be as if not more harmful than combustible cigarettes.

Electronic Cigarettes Do Not Appear to Promote Smoking Cessation

Electronic Cigarettes Do Not Appear to Promote Smoking Cessation

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At 6 months, researchers found a negative association between electronic cigarette use and subsequent smoking cessation.

The Connection Between Cardiovascular Disease and Sleep Apnea: An Expert Interview

The Connection Between Cardiovascular Disease and Sleep Apnea: An Expert Interview

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To examine the link between cardiovascular disease and sleep apnea, The Cardiology Advisor spoke with cardiologist Seth S. Martin, MD, MHS, FACC, FAHA and sleep specialist Rachel Marie E. Salas, MD, FAAN.

FDA Seeks Physician Opinions on Flavored Tobacco Products

FDA Seeks Physician Opinions on Flavored Tobacco Products

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The FDA is seeking data, research, and general information regarding the role that flavors play in youth smoking.

Food Allergy Policies Exist in Many Schools, But Barriers Still Exist

Food Allergy Policies Exist in Many Schools, But Barriers Still Exist

The majority of school nurses report staff training on anaphylaxis and epinephrine availability.

Asthma Development in Early Childhood May Hinge on Early Life Stress

Asthma Development in Early Childhood May Hinge on Early Life Stress

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Prenatal and early life stress, including societal stress, have been implicated in the development of asthma and other allergic diseases in children.

Influenza, Other Respiratory Disease Transmission During Flights

Influenza, Other Respiratory Disease Transmission During Flights

Despite 8 of the 10 flights taking place during influenza season, results of quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays for 18 common respiratory viruses were all negative.

Routine Chest Radiography After US-Guided CVC Insertion Often Unnecessary

Routine Chest Radiography After US-Guided CVC Insertion Often Unnecessary

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A routine chest radiograph after ultrasound-guided central venous catheter insertion is now considered costly and unnecessary.

Higher Exposure to Particulate Matter Air Pollution Increases CVD Risk

Higher Exposure to Particulate Matter Air Pollution Increases CVD Risk

Compared with whites, blacks had significantly higher exposure to PM2.5.

Electronic Cigarettes: More Harm Than Good

Electronic Cigarettes: More Harm Than Good

On a population level, electronic cigarettes are associated with more harm than benefit.

Adenotonsillectomy Reduces Blood Pressure in Children With OSA, Hypertension

Adenotonsillectomy Reduces Blood Pressure in Children With OSA, Hypertension

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Pediatric patients with hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea had significant improvements in blood pressure after adenotonsillectomy.

Benign Lung Nodules Identified Using Proteomic Biomarker

Benign Lung Nodules Identified Using Proteomic Biomarker

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An integrated proteomic classifier accurately identified benign lung nodules when used in patients with a pretest probability of malignancy ≤50%.

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