Prevention

Smoking of Any Amount Is Proportionally Linked With Lung Disease

Smoking of Any Amount Is Proportionally Linked With Lung Disease

By

The risk for obstructive lung disease was nearly 8 times greater in heavy stable smokers compared with never-smokers.

Strain Selection for Annual Influenza Vaccines Should Consider Preexisting Immunity

Strain Selection for Annual Influenza Vaccines Should Consider Preexisting Immunity

By

Repeated exposure to the influenza virus affects antibody quantity and quality, and strains selected for seasonal vaccines may not provide coverage sufficient for individuals frequently infected and/or vaccinated.

Statins Increase Risk for Medically Attended Acute Respiratory Illness

Statins Increase Risk for Medically Attended Acute Respiratory Illness

By

Elderly patients who have been inoculated with the influenza vaccine and who also use a statin are at a greater risk for medically attended acute respiratory illness.

Pneumococcal <i>H Influenzae</i> Protein D Conjugate Vaccine Effective in Children

Pneumococcal H Influenzae Protein D Conjugate Vaccine Effective in Children

By

The burden of childhood and infant pneumonia can be effectively reduced through the use of the pneumococcal Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine.

Pulmonary Symptoms With GERD in Infants May Increase Asthma Risk

Pulmonary Symptoms With GERD in Infants May Increase Asthma Risk

By

Infants who presented with pulmonary symptoms when diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease had a higher incidence of early onset asthma compared with infants who did not have pulmonary symptoms.

Fluoroquinolones May Aid in Reducing Mortality in Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Fluoroquinolones May Aid in Reducing Mortality in Community-Acquired Pneumonia

By

For patients with CAP, antibiotic regimens including a fluoroquinolone may reduce mortality risk by 1-2% compared to beta-lactams and cephalosporins alone.

FDA Issues Safety Communication Regarding Pen Needle Use

FDA Issues Safety Communication Regarding Pen Needle Use

By

Standard pen needles have an outer cover and removable inner needle cover, while safety pen needles have an outer cover and a fixed inner needle shield that is not removed before an injection.

Adolescent Use of Combustible, Edible, and Vaporized Cannabis

Adolescent Use of Combustible, Edible, and Vaporized Cannabis

Combustible use was the most prevalent; 61.7% of cannabis users report using multiple methods.

Many Countries Failing on Noncommunicable Disease Death Targets

Many Countries Failing on Noncommunicable Disease Death Targets

For women and men, 35 and 30 countries expected to meet Sustainable Development Goal target 3.4

High Nicotine Concentrations Delivered by 'Pod Mods'

High Nicotine Concentrations Delivered by 'Pod Mods'

Small devices deliver addictive nicotine dose without noxious taste; pose danger to adolescents.

Facebook Program Did Not Increase Smoking Abstinence at 1 Year

Facebook Program Did Not Increase Smoking Abstinence at 1 Year

However, the intervention engaged young adults and increased abstinence at the end of 3-month treatment.

Climate Change: Dire Implications for Respiratory Conditions

Climate Change: Dire Implications for Respiratory Conditions

By

Changing pollination patterns, extreme weather events, rising sea levels, air pollution, and extreme temperatures all negatively affect respiratory conditions.

Active Choice Intervention Tied to Increase in Flu Shot Rates

Active Choice Intervention Tied to Increase in Flu Shot Rates

Vaccination rates decreased throughout the day; with intervention, there was a similar increase throughout day.

FDA Ad Campaign Hopes to Halt E-Cigarette Use in Teens

FDA Ad Campaign Hopes to Halt E-Cigarette Use in Teens

'The Real Cost' Youth E-Cigarette Prevention Campaign from the FDA is targeting at-risk youth.

Tips for Advising Patients Living in Highly Polluted Settings

Tips for Advising Patients Living in Highly Polluted Settings

Guidance focuses on Americans posted in overseas settings with high ambient levels of air pollution.

EPA Plan Will Maintain Carbon Emissions From Power Plants

EPA Plan Will Maintain Carbon Emissions From Power Plants

Inadequate regulation of carbon pollution will likely have current and future consequences for human health.

Infant PPI Use and Lung Infection Risk: Is There a Link?

Infant PPI Use and Lung Infection Risk: Is There a Link?

The data showed matched odds ratio for current vs past use of PPIs to be 0.88 (95% CI, 0.36 to 2.16) when comparing cases and their controls for community-acquired pneumonia. With regard to lower respiratory tract infections, the matched odds ratio between cases and their controls was 1.13 (95% CI, 0.87 to 1.48).

Many Middle, High Schoolers Report E-Cigarette Cannabis Use

Many Middle, High Schoolers Report E-Cigarette Cannabis Use

Electronic cigarette use is higher in male students and current users of e-cigarettes or other tobacco products.

Disaster Preparedness 101: Physician Resources for Patients

Disaster Preparedness 101: Physician Resources for Patients

By

The American Heart Association has updated their disaster resources page with the latest tips to keep in mind when counseling patients ahead of a natural disaster.

One in 7 US adults used marijuana in 2017

Adults aged 18 to 34 years had the highest frequency of marijuana use compared with all other age groups, and a small percentage of respondents reported using multiple different forms of marijuana per year.

E-cigarette use common, especially among younger adults and those in the LBGTQ community

When assessing age-specific groups, researchers observed that adults within the LBGTQ community, those with chronic health conditions, men, and current combustible cigarette smokers had higher rates of e-cigarette use.

Flavored E-Cigarette Product Sales Have Increased Since 2012

Flavored E-Cigarette Product Sales Have Increased Since 2012

Flavored products as a percent of all e-cigarette sales hit 19.8%; variations were seen by product type and state.

CDC: Tobacco Product Use Varies by Race in US Teens

CDC: Tobacco Product Use Varies by Race in US Teens

Highest use of tobacco seen in Native Hawaiians, Indians, Alaskans, and the lowest use in Asians.

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

FDA Gets Tough on Juul, Other Electronic Cigarette Makers

More than 1200 warning letters and fines have been sent to retailers and major e-cigarette manufacturers.

Chronic Vaping Exerts Biological Effects on the Lung

Chronic Vaping Exerts Biological Effects on the Lung

On visual inspection by bronchoscopy, airways of e-cigarette users appeared friable and erythematous.

Immediate Nicotine Reduction Results in Bigger Cut in Smoke Exposure

Immediate Nicotine Reduction Results in Bigger Cut in Smoke Exposure

Smokers with immediate vs gradual reduction had significantly lower levels of smoke exposure.

Childhood Asthma Risk Assessed Using Respiratory Phenotypes

Childhood Asthma Risk Assessed Using Respiratory Phenotypes

By

Overall, 5 phenotypes were identified and differentiated mainly by patterns of wheezing and aeroallergen sensitization: low wheeze-low atopy, low wheeze-high atopy, transient wheeze-low atopy, high wheeze-low atopy, and high wheeze-high atopy.

Long-Term Mortality Risk Mitigated Through Midlife Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Long-Term Mortality Risk Mitigated Through Midlife Cardiorespiratory Fitness

By

The benefits of cardiorespiratory fitness extended well into the later part of life for middle-aged men without cardiovascular disease.

Nearly 15% of US Adults Used Marijuana in Past Year

Nearly 15% of US Adults Used Marijuana in Past Year

Prevalence of marijuana use was 20% in states with legal recreational use and 12% where no use is legal.

Chronic Vaping Exerts Biological Effects on Lungs

Chronic Vaping Exerts Biological Effects on Lungs

Approximately 300 proteins were differentially expressed in epithelial cells from biopsy samples in smoker and vaper airways, only 78 proteins were commonly altered in both groups, and 113 were uniquely altered in vapers.

Sign Up for Free e-newsletters