Prevention

Overcoming Challenges to Create a Universal Influenza Vaccine

Overcoming Challenges to Create a Universal Influenza Vaccine

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Researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases are working to develop a universal influenza vaccine.

Lack of Communication Regarding Malignancy Risk in Indeterminate Pulmonary Nodules

Lack of Communication Regarding Malignancy Risk in Indeterminate Pulmonary Nodules

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Qualitative risk statements of malignancy for indeterminate pulmonary nodules are imprecise, highly variable, and should be replaced by a standard scale.

International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation: Updated Treatment Consensus for CPR

International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation: Updated Treatment Consensus for CPR

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The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation has provided treatment updates on various aspects of CPR.

Repeated Vaccinations May Prevent Severe Influenza Infection

Repeated Vaccinations May Prevent Severe Influenza Infection

Vaccination for influenza for multiple seasons is twice as effective in preventing severe influenza.

Current Cancer Death Rates in the United States

Current Cancer Death Rates in the United States

The cancer death rate declined by 1.5% annually from 2006 to 2015 in the United States.

Lung Cancer Screening by CT Scan: Risk-Based vs USPSTF Criteria

Lung Cancer Screening by CT Scan: Risk-Based vs USPSTF Criteria

Lung cancer screening based on USPSTF criteria decreased from 2010 to 2015 while risk-targeted screening is associated with modest gains in terms of early lung cancer mortality per person screened.

Measuring Immuno-Oncology Agents Against Cancer Care Framework

Measuring Immuno-Oncology Agents Against Cancer Care Framework

Few modern, US FDA-approved immuno-oncology agents have durable survival and response rates that are deemed significant by the ASCO value framework.

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing May Be Supplemented by Preop Accelerometry

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing May Be Supplemented by Preop Accelerometry

Preoperative accelerometry can assess cardiopulmonary fitness in patients scheduled for major surgery.

Noncigarette Tobacco Products May Increase Teens' Risk of Smoking Cigarettes

Noncigarette Tobacco Products May Increase Teens' Risk of Smoking Cigarettes

Non-cigarette tobacco use is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking among US adolescents.

Long-Term Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation With Pharmaceutical Aids

Long-Term Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation With Pharmaceutical Aids

Pharmaceutical aids are not effective for increasing long-term smoking cessation.

Smoking Cessation Drug May Increase Cardiovascular Event Risk

Smoking Cessation Drug May Increase Cardiovascular Event Risk

Individuals taking varenicline for smoking cessation may be at an increased risk of cardiovascular events.

Preserving Lung Function With Dietary Antioxidants

Preserving Lung Function With Dietary Antioxidants

Eating fruits and vegetables may delay decline in lung function, especially in former smokers.

Smoking Cessation Drug May Also Reduce Heavy Drinking

Smoking Cessation Drug May Also Reduce Heavy Drinking

Smoking cessation drug varenicline also reduces heavy drinking., especially in men.

CDC: 2015 to 2016 Saw Drop in Life Expectancy in the United States

CDC: 2015 to 2016 Saw Drop in Life Expectancy in the United States

Life expectancy decreased by one-tenth of a year from 2015-2016.

Wearable Fitness Technology: One Tool Among Many for Better Health

Wearable Fitness Technology: One Tool Among Many for Better Health

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Evaluating the benefits of wearable fitness technology.

Older Patients Often Experience Hospital Discharge Discrepancies

Older Patients Often Experience Hospital Discharge Discrepancies

Frequent discrepancies between the electronic discharge summaries and the discharge prescriptions were found at a regional hospital in Australia.

Hospital Readmissions May Be Predicted by Reported Post-Discharge Symptoms

Hospital Readmissions May Be Predicted by Reported Post-Discharge Symptoms

Post-discharge symptoms self-reported by frail, elderly adults may predict 30-day hospital readmission visits.

Smoking Cessation Rates May Improve With Monetary Incentives

Smoking Cessation Rates May Improve With Monetary Incentives

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Smoking cessation outcomes improve with abstinence contingent incentives.

Lung Cancer Risk Reduced With Smoke-Free Ordinances

Lung Cancer Risk Reduced With Smoke-Free Ordinances

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Few cases of lung cancer suspected in counties with smoke-free ordinances.

Low Peak Lung Function May Identify Individuals at Risk for Early Comorbidities

Low Peak Lung Function May Identify Individuals at Risk for Early Comorbidities

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The use of spirometry during infancy or early adulthood may help identify individuals at risk for poor health outcomes

Ambient Air Pollution Exposure Associated With Increased Risk for Pregnancy Loss

Ambient Air Pollution Exposure Associated With Increased Risk for Pregnancy Loss

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A prospective study evaluated whether chronic exposure to air pollution increased risk for pregnancy loss.

Role of E-Cigarettes in Asthma Development and Exacerbation

Role of E-Cigarettes in Asthma Development and Exacerbation

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Smokers with asthma have been encouraged to switch from conventional to electronic cigarettes, but the latter may still cause respiratory damage.

Walking in Polluted Area Blunts Cardiorespiratory Benefits

Walking in Polluted Area Blunts Cardiorespiratory Benefits

Concentrations of black carbon, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter were higher in traffic-polluted areas, and linked to more instances of cough, sputum, and shortness of breath.

Cause for Reduced Effectiveness of 2016-2017 Influenza Vaccine Discovered

Cause for Reduced Effectiveness of 2016-2017 Influenza Vaccine Discovered

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A glycoprotein mutation in fertilized chicken eggs may be the cause of the limited effectiveness of the 2016-2017 flu vaccine.

Cancer Survival Varies by Type of Health Insurance

Cancer Survival Varies by Type of Health Insurance

Improvements in cancer survival were limited to patients with private insurance, from 1997-2014.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Increase Amyloid Burden

Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Increase Amyloid Burden

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Obstructive sleep apenea may increase the amyloid burden in cognitively normal older patients.

Lung Cancer Has Highest Number of Preventable Cases, Deaths

Lung Cancer Has Highest Number of Preventable Cases, Deaths

An estimated 42.0% of all incident cancers and 45.1% of cancer deaths in the United States are attributed to potentially modifiable risk factors.

HIV Viral Loads May Affect Echocardiographic Pulmonary Pressure

HIV Viral Loads May Affect Echocardiographic Pulmonary Pressure

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Individuals who are HIV-positive may be at a higher risk for increased pulmonary pressure and mortality.

Asthma Control in Nonobese Patients Improves With Exercise and Diet

Asthma Control in Nonobese Patients Improves With Exercise and Diet

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Exercise and diet improves asthma control in nonobese patients with asthma.

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With Asthma

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With Asthma

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Prenatal tobacco smoke exposure appears to be associated with airflow obstruction in children who have asthma.

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