Pulmonary arterial stiffness was related to mean pulmonary arterial pressure and heart rate in patients with untreated idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension.
The Pediatric Index Pulmonary Hypertension Intensive Care Mortality model was compared with the Pediatric Risk of Mortality 2 and 3 models to determine the best model for predicting mortality.
The fractal dimension of right ventricular trabecular complexity was a good reproducible marker of remodeling in pulmonary hypertension.
Right ventricular base/apex ratio reference values may help clinicians diagnose children with pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Many healthcare providers reported that they often do not have the time to counsel their patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension on pregnancy risks.
Management strategies were discussed for subtypes of PAH-congenital heart disease including Eisenmenger syndrome, PAH with persistent systemic to pulmonary shunts, and PAH with small or coincidental defect or PAH after defect closure.
A 72-year-old man with hypertension and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation presents to the emergency department because he has been experiencing worsening shortness of breath.
After iron supplementation, patients with cyanosis experienced significant improvements in hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, ferritin, and transferrin saturation.
In patients with end-stage interstitial lung disease, there was a higher rate of survival to transplantation with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
Strong relationships were observed between health-related quality-of-life scores and factors such as breathlessness, fatigue, depression, anxiety, and sleep in pulmonary hypertension.
Double lung transplantation appears to offer superior survival outcomes to single lung transplantation in patients with interstitial pulmonary fibrosis who are younger than 70 years.
The interaction of age and obesity with respect to survival in pulmonary arterial hypertension showed an increased risk for mortality in young adults who were morbidly obese.
The majority of deaths in patients with systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension occurred within 4 years of diagnosis.
Precapillary pulmonary hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea may be causative factors for central sleep apnea and pulmonary hypertension, respectively.
There was no significant difference in efficacy between sildenafil and bosentan initial combination therapy and sildenafil monotherapy in patients with systemic sclerosis-related pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Researchers raise issues regarding interpretation of clinical trial results in the field of pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Researchers modified the inhalation technique of iloprost in a patient with pulmonary arterial hypertension by attaching a nasal cannula to the inhalator's inlet port, shortening the administration duration.
The use of a risk calculator aimed at achieving a low-risk profile in PAH trials is discussed.
Arrhythmia was a significant predictor of mortality in adult patients with congenital heart disease and pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Clinical worsening in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension may be predicted using right ventricular stroke work indexed by ejection fraction.
The variables for the stepwise echocardiographic score included right ventricular systolic pressure, early pulmonary regurgitation gradient, right atrial area size, tricuspid regurgitation velocity, left ventricle eccentricity index, and right ventricle fractional area change.
A definition of a pulmonary vascular phenotype of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has been proposed.
There was a significant relationship between brain natriuretic peptide levels and mortality in patients with group 1 pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Poor subpleural perfusion in patients with nonoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension may predict balloon pulmonary angioplasty failure.
Although metformin prevented the development of PAH in hypoxia and monocrotalinerat models and reversed PAH in SU5416/hypoxia rats, it failed to reverse pulmonary pressures and vascular remodeling in mice with SU5416/hypoxia-induced PAH.
Recent evidence suggests that systemic sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus in pulmonary arterial hypertension should be considered separate diseases.
The 1-year survival rate after lung transplantation in patients with a mean pulmonary arterial pressure ≥25 mm Hg was lower than the survival rate of those with a mean pulmonary arterial pressure <25 mm Hg.
The Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension-Symptoms and Impact questionnaire has good psychometric properties and can be administered in clinical practice.
The "egg-and-banana" sign is a valid computed tomography marker of pulmonary hypertension.
At the end of 6 months, the rate of VTE recurrence was 4% among rivaroxaban patients vs 11% in the dalteparin arm (hazard ratio [HR] 0.43, 95% CI: 0.19 to 0.99).