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Low Nailfold Capillary Density Associated With Lung Involvement in Juvenile Dermatomyositis

Low Nailfold Capillary Density Associated With Lung Involvement in Juvenile Dermatomyositis

Low nailfold capillary density is associated with impaired pulmonary function tests and more frequent high-resolution computed tomography abnormalities in patients with juvenile dermatomyositis.

Venoarterial ECMO Improves Survival to Transplant in Interstitial Lung Disease

Venoarterial ECMO Improves Survival to Transplant in Interstitial Lung Disease

In patients with end-stage interstitial lung disease, there was a higher rate of survival to transplantation with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Double Lung Transplantation Improves Survival in Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis

Double Lung Transplantation Improves Survival in Interstitial Pulmonary Fibrosis

Double lung transplantation appears to offer superior survival outcomes to single lung transplantation in patients with interstitial pulmonary fibrosis who are younger than 70 years.

ECMO for severe ARDS does not improve mortality

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome did not show a 60-day mortality benefit compared with conventional ventilation and ECMO rescue therapy. More adverse events occurred in the ECMO group with respect to bleeding requiring transfusion and severe thrombocytopenia.

Recombinant Human Pentraxin 2 Slowed Lung Function Decline in IPF

Recombinant Human Pentraxin 2 Slowed Lung Function Decline in IPF

Recombinant human pentraxin 2 therapy resulted in a slower decline in lung function in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Composite Echo Score Predicts PH in Interstitial Lung Disease

Composite Echo Score Predicts PH in Interstitial Lung Disease

The variables for the stepwise echocardiographic score included right ventricular systolic pressure, early pulmonary regurgitation gradient, right atrial area size, tricuspid regurgitation velocity, left ventricle eccentricity index, and right ventricle fractional area change.

60-Day Mortality Not Significantly Lower With ECMO in ARDS

60-Day Mortality Not Significantly Lower With ECMO in ARDS

In patients with very severe acute respiratory distress syndrome, 60-day mortality was not significantly lower with venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation than with conventional treatment.

Initiative Cuts Overuse of Tests, Treatments for Bronchiolitis

Initiative Cuts Overuse of Tests, Treatments for Bronchiolitis

The initiative helped reduce the ordering of chest radiographs, respiratory viral testing, and bronchodilators.

Migraine a Common Comorbidity in Individuals With Sarcoidosis

Migraine a Common Comorbidity in Individuals With Sarcoidosis

The frequency of migraine and sarcoidosis comorbidity was examined in a cohort study.

Expert Consensus on Chronic Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Diagnostic Criteria

Expert Consensus on Chronic Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Diagnostic Criteria

Experts in interstitial lung disease identified 18 items of importance for diagnosing chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis.

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Outcomes Improved by Gastroesophageal Reflux Treatment

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Outcomes Improved by Gastroesophageal Reflux Treatment

Treatment for gastroesophageal reflux significantly reduced mortality in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and improved transplant-free survival.

Predictors Identified for Myositis-Related Interstitial Lung Disease Mortality

Predictors Identified for Myositis-Related Interstitial Lung Disease Mortality

Researchers identified independent predictors of short-term dermatomyositis- or polymyositis-related interstitial lung disease mortality.

Treatment for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Gets Orphan Drug Designation

Treatment for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Gets Orphan Drug Designation

RP5063 is a new chemical entity with a novel mechanism of multimodal modulation of serotonin and dopamine signaling pathways.

Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Community-Acquired Pneumonia With or Without ARDS

Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Community-Acquired Pneumonia With or Without ARDS

The risk for death in patients with community-acquired pneumonia who were given mechanical ventilation does not seem to be affected by the presence of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

High-Flow vs Standard Oxygen Therapy in Infants With Bronchiolitis

High-Flow vs Standard Oxygen Therapy in Infants With Bronchiolitis

High-flow oxygen therapy may be more effective in preventing care escalation in infants with bronchiolitis compared with standard oxygen therapy.

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis in Dentists May Be Linked to Occupational Exposure

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis in Dentists May Be Linked to Occupational Exposure

Several patients were treated for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis were identified as dental personnel.

Nebulized Hypertonic Saline vs Normal Saline in Infants With Acute Bronchiolitis

Nebulized Hypertonic Saline vs Normal Saline in Infants With Acute Bronchiolitis

Nebulized hypertonic saline may decrease length of hospital stay and improve clinical severity scores in infants with acute bronchiolitis.

Thyroid hormone supplementation may be a promising treatment for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis [PreClinical]

An enzyme involved in thyroid hormone activation was found to be elevated in patients with pulmonary fibrosis.

Improving Prognosis in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension

Improving Prognosis in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension

Bosentan may benefit a subset of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis-associated pulmonary hypertension.

A 67-Year-Old Woman With Hypertension, Diabetes Presents With Shortness of Breath

A 67-Year-Old Woman With Hypertension, Diabetes Presents With Shortness of Breath

After being treated for pyelonephritis and discharged to a nursing facility, a 67-year-old woman presents to the emergency department with shortness of breath.

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