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Smoking Affects Lung Microbiota, ARDS Risk in Trauma Patients

Smoking Affects Lung Microbiota, ARDS Risk in Trauma Patients

A significant enrichment of potential pathogens occurred in patients who smoked and who were admitted to the hospital for severe trauma.

Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Translational research has increased the understanding of the mechanisms of ventilator-induced lung injury.

Lung Recruitment Maneuver With Titrated PEEP Increases Mortality in Moderate to Severe ARDS

Lung Recruitment Maneuver With Titrated PEEP Increases Mortality in Moderate to Severe ARDS

A randomized trial sought to determine whether the use of titrated positive end-expiratory pressure influenced the 28-day mortality risk in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Bronchoalveolar Lavage in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Diagnosis: Point/Counterpoint

Bronchoalveolar Lavage in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Diagnosis: Point/Counterpoint

Lung disease experts Athol Wells, MD, and Joshua Mooney, MD, MS, debate the diagnostic value of bronchoalveolar lavage in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Refractory Hypoxemia: Selecting Evidence-Based Treatments

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Refractory Hypoxemia: Selecting Evidence-Based Treatments

Treatments for acute respiratory distress syndrome that have less evidence to support their use have been overused by clinicians.

Distinct Clinical Phenotypes in Interstitial Lung Disease May Better Predict Outcomes

Distinct Clinical Phenotypes in Interstitial Lung Disease May Better Predict Outcomes

Clustering patients with interstitial lung disease independently predicted progression-free and transplant-free survival.

Chronic Respiratory Disease Mortality Rates Increase From 1980 to 2014

Chronic Respiratory Disease Mortality Rates Increase From 1980 to 2014

Mortality rates and changes in mortality rates for chronic respiratory diseases in the United States varied by county, sex, and particular disease type.

Updated Guidelines for Noninvasive Ventilation in Acute Respiratory Failure

Updated Guidelines for Noninvasive Ventilation in Acute Respiratory Failure

The European Respiratory Society and American Thoracic Society have released updated guidelines on the use of noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure.

Low Tidal Volume Strategy in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Low Tidal Volume Strategy in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

A low tidal volume ventilation strategy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome demonstrated a trend toward improved mortality.

Effect of Conservative Fluid Management on Mortality in ARDS Patients

Effect of Conservative Fluid Management on Mortality in ARDS Patients

Researchers examined the efficacy of conservative vs liberal fluid management in ARDS on disease mortality.

Pulmonary Sarcoidosis: Independent Predictors of Mortality

Pulmonary Sarcoidosis: Independent Predictors of Mortality

Most patients with sarcoidosis have a good prognosis, but age, extensive fibrosis, and pulmonary hypertension are associated with an increase in mortality.

Azithromycin Improves Survival in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Azithromycin Improves Survival in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Azithromycin may be an effective treatment option for acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Mechanical Ventilation Increases Costs and Mortality in IPF

Mechanical Ventilation Increases Costs and Mortality in IPF

Mechanical ventilation does not improve outcomes in IPF patients, lengthens hospital stays, and increases costs.

Examining Pulmonary Function Measures in Pediatric SLE

Examining Pulmonary Function Measures in Pediatric SLE

Fractional exhaled nitric oxide levels directly correlated to subclinical pulmonary disease activity in children with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Does ICU Volume Impact Mortality and Length of Stay in ARDS?

Does ICU Volume Impact Mortality and Length of Stay in ARDS?

More than 300,000 individual ICU stays were examined to determine the benefit of ICU volume related to ARDS outcomes.

Joblessness High Following Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Joblessness High Following Respiratory Distress Syndrome

One year after hospital discharge, high rates of acute respiratory distress survivors are jobless.

Case Study: A Patient Presents With Recurring Influenza Symptoms

Right-sided abdominal pain, vomitting, fever, and mild diarrhea were all present in a 66-year-old woman with a history of sarcoidosis and hypertension.

Chest Radiographic Screening in Active Uveitis to Diagnose Sarcoidosis

Chest Radiographic Screening in Active Uveitis to Diagnose Sarcoidosis

Abnormal chest radiographs were noted in patients with active uveitis of unknown origin.

Diagnostic Performance of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Algorithm

Diagnostic Performance of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Algorithm

The idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis algorithm has a sensitivity of 55.6% and positive predictive value of 42.2%.

Predicting Reduced 6-Minute Walk Distance in Sarcoidosis-Associated PH

Predicting Reduced 6-Minute Walk Distance in Sarcoidosis-Associated PH

Data from 150 patients suggested that lung diffusion capacity is the most relevant predictive factor for reduced 6-minute walk distance in SAPH.

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