Restrictive Lung Disease
After being treated for pyelonephritis and discharged to a nursing facility, a 67-year-old woman presents to the emergency department with shortness of breath.
In patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, cisatracurium does not improve mortality when compared with vecuronium, but is associated with improvements in other outcomes.
A significant enrichment of potential pathogens occurred in patients who smoked and who were admitted to the hospital for severe trauma.
Translational research has increased the understanding of the mechanisms of ventilator-induced lung injury.
Treatments for acute respiratory distress syndrome that have less evidence to support their use have been overused by clinicians.
The European Respiratory Society and American Thoracic Society have released updated guidelines on the use of noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure.
A low tidal volume ventilation strategy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome demonstrated a trend toward improved mortality.
Researchers examined the efficacy of conservative vs liberal fluid management in ARDS on disease mortality.
Most patients with sarcoidosis have a good prognosis, but age, extensive fibrosis, and pulmonary hypertension are associated with an increase in mortality.
Azithromycin may be an effective treatment option for acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Mechanical ventilation does not improve outcomes in IPF patients, lengthens hospital stays, and increases costs.
Fractional exhaled nitric oxide levels directly correlated to subclinical pulmonary disease activity in children with systemic lupus erythematosus.
One year after hospital discharge, high rates of acute respiratory distress survivors are jobless.
Abnormal chest radiographs were noted in patients with active uveitis of unknown origin.
The idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis algorithm has a sensitivity of 55.6% and positive predictive value of 42.2%.
Data from 150 patients suggested that lung diffusion capacity is the most relevant predictive factor for reduced 6-minute walk distance in SAPH.
Computed tomography-derived pulmonary artery-to-aorta ratio can predict pulmonary artery pressure and survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Researchers examined nearly 3000 men and women to determine the relationship between restrictive spirometry pattern, reduced FVC, and arterial stiffness.
Researchers found a significant association with declining forced vital capacity and diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide with ICOS and CD28.