E-Cigarette Vapor Condensate Toxic to Alveolar Macrophages

E-Cigarette Vapor Condensate Toxic to Alveolar Macrophages

E-cigarette vapor condensate is cytotoxic at lower concentrations than e-cigarette liquid, which results in increased apoptosis.

Regular marijuana use is associated with development of respiratory issues

Marijuana use is associated with increased cough and sputum production, but limited data exist to assess the relationship between marijuana and pulmonary function and obstructive lung disease.

AMA Calls for Greater Electronic Cigarette Regulation

AMA Calls for Greater Electronic Cigarette Regulation

The American Medical Association urges federal government to regulate e-cigarettes, including a requirement to list nicotine content.

NHANES: Electronic Cigarette Trends in US Adolescents and Adults

NHANES: Electronic Cigarette Trends in US Adolescents and Adults

E-cigarette users had significantly higher odds of exposure to second-hand smoke and of consuming alcohol, after adjustments for age, gender, and ethnicity.

CDC: E-Cigarette Sales in the United States Climb as Prices Fall

CDC: E-Cigarette Sales in the United States Climb as Prices Fall

Average monthly sales of electronic cigarettes and related products rose 132% from 2012 to 2017.

FDA Releases Guidance on Nicotine Replacement Therapy Product Development

FDA Releases Guidance on Nicotine Replacement Therapy Product Development

The FDA aims to support the development of novel inhaled nicotine replacement therapies to combat the public health crisis of tobacco use in the United States.

E-Cigarettes May Be Inadequate as a Smoking Cessation Tool

E-Cigarettes May Be Inadequate as a Smoking Cessation Tool

Dual users of conventional cigarettes and electronic cigarettes had the highest prevalence of respiratory symptoms.

Aldehydes Dominant Carcinogen in Tobacco Smoke

Aldehydes Dominant Carcinogen in Tobacco Smoke

Aldehydes act by inducing DNA damage and inhibiting DNA repair.

Tobacco and Alcohol Consumption Tied to Cancer Mortality

Tobacco and Alcohol Consumption Tied to Cancer Mortality

Over 20 years, a 1-L reduction in alcohol intake was linked to a 3.9% decrease in overall cancer mortality.

Interactions Between Organic Solvent Exposure, Smoking, and MS Susceptibility

Interactions Between Organic Solvent Exposure, Smoking, and MS Susceptibility

Researchers aim to assess the influence of organic solvent exposure on the risk for developing multiple sclerosis.

CDC: 'Tips' Campaign Has Helped a Number of Smokers Quit

CDC: 'Tips' Campaign Has Helped a Number of Smokers Quit

More than 9 million smokers have attempted to quit because of Tips from Former Smokers Campaign.

Smoking Marijuana May Increase Cough, Sputum Production, and Wheezing

Smoking Marijuana May Increase Cough, Sputum Production, and Wheezing

Results of a pooled analysis of cross-sectional studies demonstrated an increase in cough, sputum production, wheezing, and dyspnea from marijuana use.

Smoking Status Modified Obesity Paradox in Type 2 Diabetes

Smoking Status Modified Obesity Paradox in Type 2 Diabetes

Obesity paradox in type 2 diabetes was pronounced in current smokers and absent in never smokers.

About 10% of Youth Report Smoking Hookah

About 10% of Youth Report Smoking Hookah

About 10 percent of youth report smoking hookah, with smoking mainly occurring in the home environment.

Smoking Marijuana May Be Tied to Cough, Sputum Production

Smoking Marijuana May Be Tied to Cough, Sputum Production

Smoking marijuana seems to be associated with increased risk of cough, sputum production, and wheezing.

Twitter Posts Reveal Use of JUUL Vaporizer by Minors at School

Twitter Posts Reveal Use of JUUL Vaporizer by Minors at School

Few JUUL-related Twitter posts mention topic of smoking cessation.

More Than 2000 US College Campuses Smoke-Free

More Than 2000 US College Campuses Smoke-Free

Of the more than 2000 US college campuses with smoke-free policies, 83.7% were tobacco-free and 79.6% and 41% had prohibited electronic cigarette use and hookah smoking, respectively.

E-Cigarettes May Help Some Quit Tobacco Smoking

E-Cigarettes May Help Some Quit Tobacco Smoking

Interviews showed some quitters deliberately switch from conventional cigarettes to e-cigarettes while some use both.

Patient With COPD, Smoking History Presents to ED With Sensory Loss

Patient With COPD, Smoking History Presents to ED With Sensory Loss

A 72-year-old man with a 50 pack-year smoking history and multiple comorbidities, including COPD, presents to the emergency department with left-sided hemiparesis and sensory loss.

FIRS: Guidance Offered for Protecting Youth From E-Cigarettes

FIRS: Guidance Offered for Protecting Youth From E-Cigarettes

E-cigarettes should be regulated as tobacco products and their sale to youth should be banned worldwide, according to a statement from the Forum of International Respiratory Societies.

Little Evidence Nicotine Preloading Helps Smokers Quit

Little Evidence Nicotine Preloading Helps Smokers Quit

Adjustment for varenicline use as a post-cessation treatment linked to increase in beneficial effect.

COPD Risk From Secondhand Smoke May Be Linked With Lung Volume Variations

COPD Risk From Secondhand Smoke May Be Linked With Lung Volume Variations

The inclusion of residual volume-to-total lung capacity ratio may add another dimension to COPD not routinely captured by standard airflow indices that could be predictive of lower maximum exercise capacity.

2011 to 2017 Saw Decline in Youth Use of Any Tobacco Products

2011 to 2017 Saw Decline in Youth Use of Any Tobacco Products

Electronic cigarettes was the most commonly used tobacco product in high and middle school students in 2017.

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

The American Academy of Family Physicians and other signatories called on FDA to apply the proposal to other combustible tobacco products.

Greater Use of Tobacco Products Among Youth With Asthma

Greater Use of Tobacco Products Among Youth With Asthma

E-cigarettes are the most commonly used product in middle and high school students with or without asthma.

Factors Associated With Stronger Nicotine Dependence in Adolescent E-Cigarette Users

Factors Associated With Stronger Nicotine Dependence in Adolescent E-Cigarette Users

In adolescent e-cigarette users, stronger nicotine dependence was associated with being in a higher grade in school, vaping at an earlier age, vaping more frequently, and the use of higher nicotine concentrations.

Relationship Between Smoking Behaviors and BMI, Waist Circumference, Adiposity

Relationship Between Smoking Behaviors and BMI, Waist Circumference, Adiposity

Body mass index and body fat distribution may influence smoking behaviors.

Financial Incentives May Increase Rates of Smoker Abstinence

Financial Incentives May Increase Rates of Smoker Abstinence

Redeemable deposits and rewards were superior to free smoking cessation aids with respect to sustained abstinence.

Lung Cancer Incidence Higher in Young Women Than Young Men

Lung Cancer Incidence Higher in Young Women Than Young Men

Researchers examined nationwide population-based incidence of lung cancer according to sex, race or ethnic group, age group, birth year, and calendar period of diagnosis.

More Than Half of Young Adult Smoke Volume Exposure Is From Hookahs

More Than Half of Young Adult Smoke Volume Exposure Is From Hookahs

Toxicant exposure to tar, carbon monoxide, and nicotine are lower with hookahs, but still substantial, compared with cigarettes.

E-Cigarette Flavoring Agent May Impair Airway Defense System

E-Cigarette Flavoring Agent May Impair Airway Defense System

Flavoring commonly used in e-cigarettes suppresses cilia beat frequency, lasting for 60 minutes.

Higher Adiposity Increases Odds of Smoking

Higher Adiposity Increases Odds of Smoking

Obesity may be linked with an increased risk of smoking as well as an increase in the number of cigarettes smoked per day.

E-Cigarette Use Associated With Increased Risk for COPD

E-Cigarette Use Associated With Increased Risk for COPD

Using e-cigarettes every day or some days increased the likelihood of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Marijuana Smoking Associated With Rapid Decline in FEV1 for Older Adults

Marijuana Smoking Associated With Rapid Decline in FEV1 for Older Adults

Researchers examined the relationship between smoking marijuana and the decline in FEV1 in adults aged 40 years and older.

Few Eligible Smokers Had Lung Cancer Screening in 2016

Few Eligible Smokers Had Lung Cancer Screening in 2016

The most eligible smokers were populated in South, which had most screening sites but the low screening rates

Risk Models Help Select Ever Smokers for Lung Cancer Screening

Risk Models Help Select Ever Smokers for Lung Cancer Screening

Four models were well-calibrated and had higher areas under the curve than 5 models that overestimated lung cancer risk.

Prevalence of Adult E-Cigarette Use Up from 2014 to 2016

Prevalence of Adult E-Cigarette Use Up from 2014 to 2016

Although there has been a decrease in e-cigarette prevalence in current smokers, there has been an increase in never smokers.

Child Secondhand Pot, Tobacco Exposure Increases ED Visit Risk

Child Secondhand Pot, Tobacco Exposure Increases ED Visit Risk

Children with exposure to secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke have an increased rate of emergency department visits.

The Unintended Consequences of Cigarette Taxation

The Unintended Consequences of Cigarette Taxation

Although cigarette taxes were supposedly implemented to encourage smokers to quit, they can have a disproportionate effect on people of low-income status.

Liquid Nicotine Exposure in Children Declining, But Still a Threat

Liquid Nicotine Exposure in Children Declining, But Still a Threat

The rate of liquid nicotine exposure in children younger than 6 years of age has declined since 2015, but it continues to pose a serious poisoning risk.

Current Smokers With Severe Asthma Distinguished by Sputum Proteomics

Current Smokers With Severe Asthma Distinguished by Sputum Proteomics

Patients with severe asthma who were current smokers were distinguishable from ex-smokers based on their sputum proteomic level of colony stimulating factor 2.

Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapies May Not Increase MACE

Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapies May Not Increase MACE

There were no observable differences in the incidence of any cardiovascular events across the smoking cessation treatment groups.

E-Cigarette Use Tied to Subsequent Marijuana Use in Teens

E-Cigarette Use Tied to Subsequent Marijuana Use in Teens

Stronger correlation was seen between electronic cigarette use and marijuana in younger adolescents, aged 12 to 14 years, than for older teens.

FDA Announces New Initiative Aimed at Stopping Youth Use of E-Cigarettes

FDA Announces New Initiative Aimed at Stopping Youth Use of E-Cigarettes

In a wide ranging statement, the FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, specifically targets novel nicotine-delivery products as being problematic since many of these devices resemble USB flash drives, have high nicotine levels and have emissions that are hard to see.

Number of Cigarettes Smoked Daily Tied to Stroke Risk

Number of Cigarettes Smoked Daily Tied to Stroke Risk

In men younger than 50, the more cigarettes smoked linked to increased risk for ischemic stroke.

E-cigarette use may hamper smoking cessation for smokers planning to quit post-hospitalization

In a study of hospitalized smokers who planned to quit smoking post-discharge, users of e-cigarettes were not as likely as nonusers to refrain from using tobacco at 6 months. However, e-cigarette use in the study population was irregular; further research is necessary to study whether regular e-cigarette use helps or hampers efforts to quit smoking.

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

Current smoking linked to higher mean left ventricular mass index and lower mean left ventricular circumferential strain.

Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

More average life years gained from cessation and more treatment costs averted for the poorest 20%.

Small Employers Do Not Often Provide Tobacco Cessation Help

Small Employers Do Not Often Provide Tobacco Cessation Help

Although 16.2% of small employers used tobacco surcharges, 47% of those did not offer tobacco cessation counseling.

Smoking Cessation Rates in Acute Coronary Syndrome With Varenicline

Smoking Cessation Rates in Acute Coronary Syndrome With Varenicline

Although varenicline was effective for short-term smoking cessation, more than half of the patients in the EVITA trial relapsed after 1 year.

Smokers Have Lower Quality Diets vs Former and Nonsmokers

Smokers Have Lower Quality Diets vs Former and Nonsmokers

Researchers observed a strong linear pattern between smoking status and dietary energy density in current smokers.

Receptivity to Tobacco Ads Linked to Progression to Use

Receptivity to Tobacco Ads Linked to Progression to Use

For adolescents, receptivity was highest for e-cigarette ads and was linked to trying cigarettes.

Liquids in E-Cigarettes Are Heterogeneous, Frequently Toxic

Liquids in E-Cigarettes Are Heterogeneous, Frequently Toxic

The more chemicals in e-liquid, the more toxic it is likely to be; in addition, vanillin tied to higher toxicity.

The Mounting Evidence Against Electronic Cigarette Use

The Mounting Evidence Against Electronic Cigarette Use

Electronic cigarettes were once thought to be a helpful smoking cessation tool, but new evidence suggests they may be as if not more harmful than combustible cigarettes.

Electronic Cigarettes Do Not Appear to Promote Smoking Cessation

Electronic Cigarettes Do Not Appear to Promote Smoking Cessation

At 6 months, researchers found a negative association between electronic cigarette use and subsequent smoking cessation.

FDA Seeks Physician Opinions on Flavored Tobacco Products

FDA Seeks Physician Opinions on Flavored Tobacco Products

The FDA is seeking data, research, and general information regarding the role that flavors play in youth smoking.

Electronic Cigarettes: More Harm Than Good

Electronic Cigarettes: More Harm Than Good

On a population level, electronic cigarettes are associated with more harm than benefit.

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With or Without Asthma

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With or Without Asthma

Current tobacco smoke exposure is not associated with airflow obstruction in school-aged children, but prenatal smoking is associated with airflow obstruction in children with asthma.

Asthma Symptoms, Risks, and Comorbidities According to Smoking Status

Asthma Symptoms, Risks, and Comorbidities According to Smoking Status

Smokers and nonsmokers had similar symptoms and risk factors present for asthma, but differed in comorbidities.

High-Wattage E-Cigarettes May Induce Sustained Tissue Hypoxia

High-Wattage E-Cigarettes May Induce Sustained Tissue Hypoxia

High-wattage electronic cigarettes may cause airway epithelial injury and small airway constriction.

Smoking Prevalence During Pregnancy in 2016

Smoking Prevalence During Pregnancy in 2016

Overall, 7.2% of women who gave birth in 2016 smoked cigarettes during pregnancy.

Electronic Cigarettes May Leak Lead, Other Toxic Metals

Electronic Cigarettes May Leak Lead, Other Toxic Metals

Lead and other toxic metals may leak from some electronic cigarettes' heating coils and are present in the aerosols that are inhaled by users.

Exclusive Use of Cigarettes, Cigars, and Pipes Increases Mortality Risk

Exclusive Use of Cigarettes, Cigars, and Pipes Increases Mortality Risk

Compared with individuals who never used tobacco, exclusive current cigarette smokers and exclusive current cigar smokers had increased all-cause mortality risks.

Perceived Harm of E-Cigarettes Decreases Use in Teenagers

Perceived Harm of E-Cigarettes Decreases Use in Teenagers

The researchers found that greater perception of harm from e-cigarettes was associated with lower odds of susceptibility to using e-cigarettes and current use of e-cigarettes.

Perception of Negative Consequences Associated With Smoking

Perception of Negative Consequences Associated With Smoking

Compared with nonsmokers, smokers believe the mild and severe adverse consequences of smoking will take a longer time to develop.

Tobacco Product Use in Veterans

Tobacco Product Use in Veterans

Overall, 29.2% of veterans report current use of 1 of 5 tobacco products.

Noncigarette Tobacco Products May Increase Teens' Risk of Smoking Cigarettes

Noncigarette Tobacco Products May Increase Teens' Risk of Smoking Cigarettes

Non-cigarette tobacco use is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking among US adolescents.

Long-Term Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation With Pharmaceutical Aids

Long-Term Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation With Pharmaceutical Aids

Pharmaceutical aids are not effective for increasing long-term smoking cessation.

Smoking Cessation Drug May Increase Cardiovascular Event Risk

Smoking Cessation Drug May Increase Cardiovascular Event Risk

Individuals taking varenicline for smoking cessation may be at an increased risk of cardiovascular events.

Smoking Cessation Drug May Also Reduce Heavy Drinking

Smoking Cessation Drug May Also Reduce Heavy Drinking

Smoking cessation drug varenicline also reduces heavy drinking., especially in men.

Smoking Cessation Rates May Improve With Monetary Incentives

Smoking Cessation Rates May Improve With Monetary Incentives

Smoking cessation outcomes improve with abstinence contingent incentives.

Lung Cancer Risk Reduced With Smoke-Free Ordinances

Lung Cancer Risk Reduced With Smoke-Free Ordinances

Few cases of lung cancer suspected in counties with smoke-free ordinances.

Role of E-Cigarettes in Asthma Development and Exacerbation

Role of E-Cigarettes in Asthma Development and Exacerbation

Smokers with asthma have been encouraged to switch from conventional to electronic cigarettes, but the latter may still cause respiratory damage.

Lung Cancer Has Highest Number of Preventable Cases, Deaths

Lung Cancer Has Highest Number of Preventable Cases, Deaths

An estimated 42.0% of all incident cancers and 45.1% of cancer deaths in the United States are attributed to potentially modifiable risk factors.

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With Asthma

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With Asthma

Prenatal tobacco smoke exposure appears to be associated with airflow obstruction in children who have asthma.

E-Cigarette Nicotine Levels and Smoking Trends in Adolescents

E-Cigarette Nicotine Levels and Smoking Trends in Adolescents

Adolescents who use electronic cigarettes with higher levels of nicotine may progressively increase the frequency and intensity of smoking.

Smoking Affects Lung Microbiota, ARDS Risk in Trauma Patients

Smoking Affects Lung Microbiota, ARDS Risk in Trauma Patients

A significant enrichment of potential pathogens occurred in patients who smoked and who were admitted to the hospital for severe trauma.

Prevalence of Tobacco Use in US Adults

Prevalence of Tobacco Use in US Adults

Current use of 2 or more tobacco products was highest among installation, maintenance, and repair workers.

Smoking May Modify Genetic Association With Parkinson's Disease

Smoking May Modify Genetic Association With Parkinson's Disease

Researchers found the first evidence that smoking modifies previously reported inverse associations between specific polymorphisms and Parkinson Disease.

Switching to Electronic Cigarettes May Reduce Deaths

Switching to Electronic Cigarettes May Reduce Deaths

Replacing smoking with vaping would result in "substantial" life-year gains.

Lung Cancer Is a Significant Cause of Death in Smokers Living With HIV

Lung Cancer Is a Significant Cause of Death in Smokers Living With HIV

Smokers with HIV who are adherent to antiretroviral therapy are still likely to die from lung cancer.

Inpatient Smoking Cessation Therapy Beneficial Post-Myocardial Infarction

Inpatient Smoking Cessation Therapy Beneficial Post-Myocardial Infarction

The prevalence of smoking is higher in people who have experienced myocardial infarction.

E-Cigarettes With Nicotine Linked to Arterial Stiffness

E-Cigarettes With Nicotine Linked to Arterial Stiffness

E-cigarettes that contain nicotine may cause arterial stiffness and increase blood pressure and heart rate.

Smoking Cessation Advice Before Cosmetic Surgery May Lead to Long-Term Quitting

Smoking Cessation Advice Before Cosmetic Surgery May Lead to Long-Term Quitting

Asking patients to stop smoking before undergoing cosmetic surgery can promote long-term smoking cessation with 40.5% of participants in a recent study no longer smoking on a daily basis.

Psoriasis Risk Linked to Smoking Amount, Duration

Psoriasis Risk Linked to Smoking Amount, Duration

Study results suggest that smoking status is a potential independent risk factor for psoriasis.

Smoking in CHD: Cessation Medications Not Common With Hospitalization

Smoking in CHD: Cessation Medications Not Common With Hospitalization

Only 22.7% of smokers with coronary heart disease received some kind of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy during their hospitalization.

FDA Examines Regulatory Standards for Nicotine Levels in Tobacco Products

FDA Examines Regulatory Standards for Nicotine Levels in Tobacco Products

In an effort to reduce nicotine to "non-addictive" levels, the FDA will begin a public dialogue.

Following MI, Smoking Cessation Rx Not Common

Following MI, Smoking Cessation Rx Not Common

While counseling is common, few patients are actually prescribed a smoking cessation medication.

How Does Gender Impact Efficacy of Pharmacotherapy for Smoking Cessation?

How Does Gender Impact Efficacy of Pharmacotherapy for Smoking Cessation?

Researchers sought to analyze previous data in a real-world context.

Depression in Pregnancy Linked to Increased Rates of Smoking

Depression in Pregnancy Linked to Increased Rates of Smoking

Women who experienced a major depressive episode were more likely to be smokers, researchers found.

Pack-Year Smoking History Best Elicited by Shared-Decision Making

Pack-Year Smoking History Best Elicited by Shared-Decision Making

Electronic medical records inadequate for determining whether patients meet pack-year requirement for lung cancer screening researchers warn.

Smoking Cessation Improves Chronic Rhinosinusitis Symptoms

Smoking Cessation Improves Chronic Rhinosinusitis Symptoms

Smokers had worse rhinosinusitis symptoms and used more antibiotics and oral corticosteroids to treat sinus infections.

Global Tobacco Control Treaty Reduces Smoking Worldwide

Global Tobacco Control Treaty Reduces Smoking Worldwide

Participating countries agreed to introduce policies including high tobacco taxes and smoke-free public spaces.

CDC: Significant Drop In US Youth Tobacco Use Recorded

CDC: Significant Drop In US Youth Tobacco Use Recorded

Although overall tobacco use has declined, more than 4 million teenagers are still using tobacco, according to a CDC report.

ACE Inhibitors, ARBs Slow Progression of Emphysema

ACE Inhibitors, ARBs Slow Progression of Emphysema

Treatment with full-dose angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers was found to slow disease progression in patients with emphysema.

Elevated Rates of Lung Adenocarcinoma Associated With Filtered Cigarettes

Elevated Rates of Lung Adenocarcinoma Associated With Filtered Cigarettes

A report published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute suggests that the FDA should require cigarette filters to remove the holes.

Is There a Link Between Asthma and Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Is There a Link Between Asthma and Rheumatoid Arthritis?

The association between asthma and Rheumatoid arthritis can help identify high-risk patients and improve treatment options.

Do Medicare Regulations Impact Lung Cancer Screening Rates?

Do Medicare Regulations Impact Lung Cancer Screening Rates?

Annual lung cancer screenings using low-dose computed tomography among high-risk individuals remain "low and unchanged."

Is Smoking Cessation Therapy Coverage Affected by Medicaid Policies?

Is Smoking Cessation Therapy Coverage Affected by Medicaid Policies?

Policies requiring patients to attend counseling in before receiving smoking cessation medications negatively affect use of these medications.

Smoking Associated With Decreased Cardiac Function

Smoking Associated With Decreased Cardiac Function

Smoking correlated with increased measures of left ventricular mass and worsening diastolic function.

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