Elevated Rates of Lung Adenocarcinoma Associated With Filtered Cigarettes

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Data analysis suggests that cigarette filters have increased rates of lung adenocarcinoma.
Data analysis suggests that cigarette filters have increased rates of lung adenocarcinoma.

HealthDay News — Filtered cigarettes might be even more unhealthy than unfiltered ones, and a new review published online in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute suggests that they have been raising rates of adenocarcinomas of the lung.

Researchers reviewed 3,284 tobacco studies and internal tobacco company research. The investigators determined that their analysis "strongly suggests" that these filters have contributed to the rise in lung adenocarcinoma rates.

"Modern cigarettes are more risky when it comes to lung cancer," review coauthor Peter Shields, MD, of the Comprehensive Cancer Center at The Ohio State University in Columbus, told HealthDay. "The design of cigarette filters that have ventilation can make the cigarettes even more dangerous because those holes can change how the tobacco burns, allowing smokers to inhale more smoke and think that the smoke is safer because it is smoother."

The new report recommends that the US Food and Drug Administration should consider a ban on ventilating filters, although Shields cautioned that "we are not saying to remove filters." Instead, the report authors want "only to change their designs by removing the holes on the filters."

Reference

Song M-A, Benowitz NL, Berman M, et al. Cigarette filter ventilation and its relationship to increasing rates of lung adenocarcinoma. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2017;109(12):djx075. doi:10.1093/jnci/djx075

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