The risk for obstructive lung disease was nearly 8 times greater in heavy stable smokers compared with never-smokers.
Combustible use was the most prevalent; 61.7% of cannabis users report using multiple methods.
Small devices deliver addictive nicotine dose without noxious taste; pose danger to adolescents.
Smoking cessation in patients with asthma is associated with reduced symptoms, improved lung function and quality of life, reduced use of rescue medications, improved airway hyperresponsiveness, and decreased hyperactivity.
However, the intervention engaged young adults and increased abstinence at the end of 3-month treatment.
'The Real Cost' Youth E-Cigarette Prevention Campaign from the FDA is targeting at-risk youth.
Electronic cigarette use is higher in male students and current users of e-cigarettes or other tobacco products.
Adults aged 18 to 34 years had the highest frequency of marijuana use compared with all other age groups, and a small percentage of respondents reported using multiple different forms of marijuana per year.
When assessing age-specific groups, researchers observed that adults within the LBGTQ community, those with chronic health conditions, men, and current combustible cigarette smokers had higher rates of e-cigarette use.
Flavored products as a percent of all e-cigarette sales hit 19.8%; variations were seen by product type and state.
Highest use of tobacco seen in Native Hawaiians, Indians, Alaskans, and the lowest use in Asians.
More than 1200 warning letters and fines have been sent to retailers and major e-cigarette manufacturers.
On visual inspection by bronchoscopy, airways of e-cigarette users appeared friable and erythematous.
Smokers with immediate vs gradual reduction had significantly lower levels of smoke exposure.
Prevalence of marijuana use was 20% in states with legal recreational use and 12% where no use is legal.
Approximately 300 proteins were differentially expressed in epithelial cells from biopsy samples in smoker and vaper airways, only 78 proteins were commonly altered in both groups, and 113 were uniquely altered in vapers.
Increased prevalence of electronic cigarette use in younger adults, LGBT individuals, and combustible cigarette smokers.
After 2.1 years of follow-up, 49% of patients who had emphysema on chest CT were readmitted for heart failure and 24% had died.
Exposure in nonsmoking adolescents linked to increased risk for emergency department and/or urgent care visits.
Tobacco content occurred in 33% of all programs; 8% of all advertisements or trailer breaks.
E-cigarette vapor condensate is cytotoxic at lower concentrations than e-cigarette liquid, which results in increased apoptosis.
Marijuana use is associated with increased cough and sputum production, but limited data exist to assess the relationship between marijuana and pulmonary function and obstructive lung disease.
The American Medical Association urges federal government to regulate e-cigarettes, including a requirement to list nicotine content.
E-cigarette users had significantly higher odds of exposure to second-hand smoke and of consuming alcohol, after adjustments for age, gender, and ethnicity.
Average monthly sales of electronic cigarettes and related products rose 132% from 2012 to 2017.
The FDA aims to support the development of novel inhaled nicotine replacement therapies to combat the public health crisis of tobacco use in the United States.
Dual users of conventional cigarettes and electronic cigarettes had the highest prevalence of respiratory symptoms.
Aldehydes act by inducing DNA damage and inhibiting DNA repair.
Over 20 years, a 1-L reduction in alcohol intake was linked to a 3.9% decrease in overall cancer mortality.
Researchers aim to assess the influence of organic solvent exposure on the risk for developing multiple sclerosis.