Treatments

Preventing COPD Exacerbations in Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

Preventing COPD Exacerbations in Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

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A significant reduction in severe COPD exacerbations was seen with intensified combination therapy at the onset of upper respiratory tract infections.

Tuberculosis Risk in Type 2 Diabetes Medications

Tuberculosis Risk in Type 2 Diabetes Medications

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Patients with type 2 diabetes treated with sulfonylureas had a higher risk of contracting tuberculosis compared with metformin.

COPD Home-Based Coaching Intervention: Effects on Physical Activity, Healthcare Utilization

COPD Home-Based Coaching Intervention: Effects on Physical Activity, Healthcare Utilization

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Patients with COPD may increase their physical activity levels using a home-based coaching intervention.

Stable Hypercapnic COPD May Benefit From At-Home High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy

Stable Hypercapnic COPD May Benefit From At-Home High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy

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Patients with stable hypercapnic COPD reported improved health-related quality of life after 6 weeks of at-home high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy.

Effect of Corticosteroids on Pneumonia-Related Mortality

Effect of Corticosteroids on Pneumonia-Related Mortality

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Mortality from severe pneumonia may be significantly reduced with corticosteroids.

Inhaled Long-Acting Bronchodilators for COPD: Potential Cardiovascular Risk

Inhaled Long-Acting Bronchodilators for COPD: Potential Cardiovascular Risk

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Within the first 30 days of therapy, patients with COPD who began using long-acting bronchodilators had a 1.5-fold increased risk for cardiovascular events.

Overcoming Challenges to Create a Universal Influenza Vaccine

Overcoming Challenges to Create a Universal Influenza Vaccine

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Researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases are working to develop a universal influenza vaccine.

Intravenous Antibiotic Recalled Due to Mold

Intravenous Antibiotic Recalled Due to Mold

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AuroMedics Pharma announced a voluntary recall of 1 lot of Linezolid injection after a batch found contained mold.

Improving Prognosis in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension

Improving Prognosis in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension

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Bosentan may benefit a subset of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis-associated pulmonary hypertension.

New Trial to Assess Dabigatran in Intermediate-Risk Pulmonary Embolism

New Trial to Assess Dabigatran in Intermediate-Risk Pulmonary Embolism

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A clinical trial is underway to assess the safety and efficacy of dabigatran in intermediate-risk pulmonary embolism after completing 72 hours of heparin therapy.

Tuberculosis Screening: Updated Recommendations from CHEST

Tuberculosis Screening: Updated Recommendations from CHEST

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New recommendations suggest that high risk tuberculosis patients with cough should be screened for pulmonary tuberculosis.

Efficacy and Safety of Benralizumab in Adults With Eosinophilic Asthma

Efficacy and Safety of Benralizumab in Adults With Eosinophilic Asthma

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Asthma exacerbations may be reduced in patients with eosinophilic asthma treated with benralizumab.

Effect of Beta-Blockers on Hospitalization in COPD and Concurrent Heart Failure

Effect of Beta-Blockers on Hospitalization in COPD and Concurrent Heart Failure

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Carvedilol may increase the risk for hospitalization in patients with concurrent heart failure and COPD compared with metoprolol/bisoprolol/nebivolol.

Thromboembolic Event Risk With Cisplatin vs Carboplatin in Lung Cancer

Thromboembolic Event Risk With Cisplatin vs Carboplatin in Lung Cancer

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Platinum-based chemotherapy agents for lung cancer may increase the risk for thromboembolism.

New Influenza Vaccine Guidelines Released for Patients With Egg Allergy

New Influenza Vaccine Guidelines Released for Patients With Egg Allergy

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Patients with an egg allergy do not need to avoid or take special precautions when receiving the influenza vaccine.

Homeopathic Products Will Undergo New FDA Regulations

Homeopathic Products Will Undergo New FDA Regulations

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The FDA announced a new enforcement strategy to regulate drug products labeled as homeopathic.

Acute Respiratory Tract Infections in Children: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

Acute Respiratory Tract Infections in Children: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

Broad-spectrum antibiotics are not associated with better clinical or patient-centered outcomes in children with acute respiratory tract infections.

Comparing Treatments for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Comparing Treatments for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

In patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, cisatracurium does not improve mortality when compared with vecuronium, but is associated with improvements in other outcomes.

FDA Approves Removal of Box Warning From Advair, Breo Asthma Therapies

FDA Approves Removal of Box Warning From Advair, Breo Asthma Therapies

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Updates were also made to the Warnings and Precautions section of labeling for ICS/LABA-class medications.

Precision Medicine May Pave the Way for Better Treatment in Asthma, COPD

Precision Medicine May Pave the Way for Better Treatment in Asthma, COPD

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At a research seminar held by the European Respiratory Society in February 2017, a group of investigators discussed how precision medicine may improve treatment in asthma and COPD.

Maintaining Asthma Control With Reduced Daily Inhaled Corticosteroid Dose

Maintaining Asthma Control With Reduced Daily Inhaled Corticosteroid Dose

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Daily inhaled corticosteroid dose can be safely reduced in some adult patients with asthma.

Physiotherapy Breathing Retraining Improves Quality of Life in Uncontrolled Asthma

Physiotherapy Breathing Retraining Improves Quality of Life in Uncontrolled Asthma

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Nonpharmacological approaches to asthma management may improve patient quality of life.

Pharmacist Presence in Medical Home Practices May Improve Patient Outcomes

Pharmacist Presence in Medical Home Practices May Improve Patient Outcomes

Integrating clinical pharmacists into primary care medical home practices helps patients achieve better disease management for high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus.

Short-Duration Dexamethasone Effective for Pediatric Asthma Exacerbations

Short-Duration Dexamethasone Effective for Pediatric Asthma Exacerbations

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Children with asthma exacerbations may be treated with 2 doses of dexamethasone instead of with prednisolone/prednisone.

Nasal High-Flow Oxygen Corrects Hypoxemia, Reduces Hypercapnia in COPD

Nasal High-Flow Oxygen Corrects Hypoxemia, Reduces Hypercapnia in COPD

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Nasal high-flow oxygen therapy may be a safe and effective therapy for patients with normocapnic and hypercapnic COPD.

Apnea/Hypopnea Index in OSA Improves With Dronabinol

Apnea/Hypopnea Index in OSA Improves With Dronabinol

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Dronabinol may be an effective treatment in adults with obstructive sleep apnea.

FDA Approves First Treatment for Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis

FDA Approves First Treatment for Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis

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Prior to this expanded indication, patients with this challenging, rare disease did not have an FDA-approved treatment option.

Chronic Lung Disease Research in the Pipeline: An Interview With Augustine M.K. Choi, MD

Chronic Lung Disease Research in the Pipeline: An Interview With Augustine M.K. Choi, MD

Pulmonology Advisor sits down with Augustine M.K. Choi, MD, Stephen and Suzanne Weiss Dean of Weill Cornell Medicine to discuss the latest topics in pulmonary medicine.

Examining the Efficacy of Carbon Monoxide Therapy in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: An Interview With Augustine M.K. Choi, MD

Examining the Efficacy of Carbon Monoxide Therapy in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: An Interview With Augustine M.K. Choi, MD

Pulmonology Advisor sits down with Augustine M.K. Choi, MD, Stephen and Suzanne Weiss Dean of Weill Cornell Medicine to discuss the latest topics in pulmonary medicine.

Pulmonary Emboli in Pediatric Patients: Clinical Predictors Identified

Pulmonary Emboli in Pediatric Patients: Clinical Predictors Identified

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Prospective validation research is needed before these clinical predictors of pediatric PE can become guidelines.

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