Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Pediatric ARDS Identification, Stratification With PALICC Definition

Pediatric ARDS Identification, Stratification With PALICC Definition

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Using the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference definition of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome identifies more patients with the condition than the Berlin definition.

Cholestenoic Acid: A Potential Biomarker for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Cholestenoic Acid: A Potential Biomarker for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

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Cholestenoic acid may represent a unique and clinically important biomarker for acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Case: Severe ARDS Following Hydrochlorothiazide Administration

Case: Severe ARDS Following Hydrochlorothiazide Administration

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A recent report published in The Journal of Emergency Medicine describes the case of a male patient who experienced HCTZ-induced pulmonary edema that was complicated by ARDS.

Early Oseltamivir Use Linked to Clinical Benefits in Influenza Complicating ARDS

Early Oseltamivir Use Linked to Clinical Benefits in Influenza Complicating ARDS

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Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and confirmed influenza diagnosis treated ≤6 hours with oseltamivir had reduced length of hospital stay and a lower rate of mortality.

ARDS Exacerbated by Low to Moderate Air Pollution in Severe Trauma

ARDS Exacerbated by Low to Moderate Air Pollution in Severe Trauma

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Exposure to ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter <2.5 μm demonstrated strong associations with acute respiratory distress syndrome.

60-Day Mortality Not Significantly Lower With ECMO in ARDS

60-Day Mortality Not Significantly Lower With ECMO in ARDS

In patients with very severe acute respiratory distress syndrome, 60-day mortality was not significantly lower with venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation than with conventional treatment.

Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Community-Acquired Pneumonia With or Without ARDS

Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Community-Acquired Pneumonia With or Without ARDS

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The risk for death in patients with community-acquired pneumonia who were given mechanical ventilation does not seem to be affected by the presence of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

ARDS Risk After Cardiac Surgery During Flu Season

ARDS Risk After Cardiac Surgery During Flu Season

Cardiac surgery during influenza season is an independent risk factor for acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Effects of Lowering PEEP Below Recommended Values in Pediatric ARDS

Effects of Lowering PEEP Below Recommended Values in Pediatric ARDS

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An overall higher mortality rate was associated with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS management with PEEP levels lower than those recommended by the ARDS Network PEEP/FiO2 protocol.

A 67-Year-Old Woman With Hypertension, Diabetes Presents With Shortness of Breath

A 67-Year-Old Woman With Hypertension, Diabetes Presents With Shortness of Breath

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After being treated for pyelonephritis and discharged to a nursing facility, a 67-year-old woman presents to the emergency department with shortness of breath.

Comparing Treatments for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Comparing Treatments for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

In patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, cisatracurium does not improve mortality when compared with vecuronium, but is associated with improvements in other outcomes.

Smoking Affects Lung Microbiota, ARDS Risk in Trauma Patients

Smoking Affects Lung Microbiota, ARDS Risk in Trauma Patients

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A significant enrichment of potential pathogens occurred in patients who smoked and who were admitted to the hospital for severe trauma.

Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Translational research has increased the understanding of the mechanisms of ventilator-induced lung injury.

Lung Recruitment Maneuver With Titrated PEEP Increases Mortality in Moderate to Severe ARDS

Lung Recruitment Maneuver With Titrated PEEP Increases Mortality in Moderate to Severe ARDS

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A randomized trial sought to determine whether the use of titrated positive end-expiratory pressure influenced the 28-day mortality risk in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Refractory Hypoxemia: Selecting Evidence-Based Treatments

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Refractory Hypoxemia: Selecting Evidence-Based Treatments

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Treatments for acute respiratory distress syndrome that have less evidence to support their use have been overused by clinicians.

Low Tidal Volume Strategy in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Low Tidal Volume Strategy in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

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A low tidal volume ventilation strategy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome demonstrated a trend toward improved mortality.

Effect of Conservative Fluid Management on Mortality in ARDS Patients

Effect of Conservative Fluid Management on Mortality in ARDS Patients

Researchers examined the efficacy of conservative vs liberal fluid management in ARDS on disease mortality.

Does ICU Volume Impact Mortality and Length of Stay in ARDS?

Does ICU Volume Impact Mortality and Length of Stay in ARDS?

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More than 300,000 individual ICU stays were examined to determine the benefit of ICU volume related to ARDS outcomes.

Joblessness High Following Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Joblessness High Following Respiratory Distress Syndrome

One year after hospital discharge, high rates of acute respiratory distress survivors are jobless.

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