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ATS 2018 Coverage

Early Clinical Response With Omadacycline vs Moxifloxacin in CABP

Early Clinical Response With Omadacycline vs Moxifloxacin in CABP

Early clinical response rates were similar across PORT risk class subgroups in patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia when treated with omadacycline or moxifloxacin.

Bioengineering Feasible for Airway Reconstruction

Bioengineering Feasible for Airway Reconstruction

Bioengineered tracheal and bronchial reconstruction was conducted using stented aortic matrices.

Tiotropium/Olodaterol Combination vs Tiotropium Alone for Severe COPD Exacerbations

Tiotropium/Olodaterol Combination vs Tiotropium Alone for Severe COPD Exacerbations

Tiotropium may be more effective in reducing the rate of moderate and severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder exacerbations when used in combination with olodaterol vs tiotropium alone.

COPD May Increase the Risk for Atrial Fibrillation

COPD May Increase the Risk for Atrial Fibrillation

Patients with COPD had a nearly 2-fold increased risk for developing atrial fibrillation compared with patients without COPD.

Budesonide Improved Epithelial Barrier Function in Asthma

Budesonide Improved Epithelial Barrier Function in Asthma

Researchers evaluated barrier dysfunction by exposing viral models to budesonide, montelukast, formoterol, or a combination.

Inhaled Interferon-Beta 1a Does Not Reduce Severe Asthma Exacerbations

Inhaled Interferon-Beta 1a Does Not Reduce Severe Asthma Exacerbations

Inhaled interferon-beta 1 a did not significantly reduce acute asthma exacerbations during respiratory viral infections.

E-Cigarette Use Associated With Increased Risk for COPD

E-Cigarette Use Associated With Increased Risk for COPD

Using e-cigarettes every day or some days increased the likelihood of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Longer Hospital Stay, Higher Costs With Unwarranted Antibiotics in Asthma Exacerbations

Longer Hospital Stay, Higher Costs With Unwarranted Antibiotics in Asthma Exacerbations

Longer stay and higher costs were associated with antibiotic administration in adults hospitalized for an asthma exacerbation without documented evidence of a lung infection.

COPD Frequently Misdiagnosed, Undiagnosed in Individuals With or Without HIV

COPD Frequently Misdiagnosed, Undiagnosed in Individuals With or Without HIV

In this study, researchers examined the appropriateness of diagnosis and treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in individuals with and without HIV.

Morning vs Evening ICS Dosing in Asthma: Efficacies Compared

Morning vs Evening ICS Dosing in Asthma: Efficacies Compared

Inhaled corticosteroids for asthma dosed once daily in the evening appeared to offer some benefit in trough FEV1 and morning peak expiratory flow.