Fabien Maldonado

All articles by Fabien Maldonado

What every physician needs to know: Pleural effusions occur as a consequence of a large variety of lung diseases but also as a result of systemic illnesses and primary disorders of the pleural space itself. There are five basic mechanisms that result in the development of a pleural effusion. increased transpleural pressure gradient (e.g., congestive…

What every physician needs to know: A pneumothorax is present when there is air in the pleural space. Primary spontaneous pneumothoraces are usually more of a nuisance than they are life-threatening, while secondary pneumothoraces can be life-threatening because of limited lung reserve. Tension pneumothorax is a medical emergency that, if not readily diagnosed and treated,…