Robert McKay, Author at Pulmonology Advisor

Robert McKay

All articles by Robert McKay

Endocrine disorders in pregnancy (e.g., thyroid, diabetes)

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Endocrine disorders are important causes of perioperative morbidity and mortality. Nearly all are associated with changes in fluid and electrolyte homeostasis and hemodynamic alterations from dysfunction of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis. Because nearly all tissues respond to endocrine hormones, endocrine diseases are associated with multisystem…

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