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CHEST 2018 Coverage

Incidence of Pulmonary Nodules Needed to Improve Screening Programs

Incidence of Pulmonary Nodules Needed to Improve Screening Programs

Accurate and contemporary incidence of pulmonary nodules is needed to implement better screening programs and identify at-risk populations.

Hospital Readmissions Reduced for COPD With Discharge Care Bundle

Hospital Readmissions Reduced for COPD With Discharge Care Bundle

Patients who received a discharge care bundle after being hospitalized for an acute exacerbation of COPD had a lower rate of readmission.

High Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy May Benefit Elderly Patients in ICU

High Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy May Benefit Elderly Patients in ICU

After high flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy, 15% of patients had to be intubated and mechanically ventilated, but the majority stepped down to regular oxygen therapy.

Pulmonary Symptoms With GERD in Infants May Increase Asthma Risk

Pulmonary Symptoms With GERD in Infants May Increase Asthma Risk

Infants who presented with pulmonary symptoms when diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease had a higher incidence of early onset asthma compared with infants who did not have pulmonary symptoms.

Pediatric OSA Associated With Abnormal Metabolic Profile

Pediatric OSA Associated With Abnormal Metabolic Profile

Obese pediatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea were more likely to have abnormal metabolic profiles, including high triglyceride and alanine transaminase levels, compared with obese children without obstructive sleep apnea.

Amikacin Liposome Inhalation Plus Antibiotics Effective in MAC Lung Disease

Amikacin Liposome Inhalation Plus Antibiotics Effective in MAC Lung Disease

Within 6 months, 23% of patients with Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease who had received add-on amikacin liposome inhalation suspension had a culture conversion.

Opioid Use Increases Likelihood of Intubation in COPD

Opioid Use Increases Likelihood of Intubation in COPD

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who used opioids were more likely to be intubated during their hospitalization compared with nonopioid users

COPD Treatment With Revefenacin Offers Acceptable Cardiovascular Safety

COPD Treatment With Revefenacin Offers Acceptable Cardiovascular Safety

No changes were observed in 12-lead electrocardiographic recordings associated with daily doses of revefenacin 88 μg and 175 μg in patients with COPD.

Triple vs Dual Therapy Outcomes in Reversible, Nonreversible COPD

Triple vs Dual Therapy Outcomes in Reversible, Nonreversible COPD

Regardless of reversibility status, patients with COPD experienced significant improvements with triple vs dual therapy.

Pirfenidone May Be Effective for Improving Exercise Capacity, Dyspnea in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Pirfenidone May Be Effective for Improving Exercise Capacity, Dyspnea in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

When treated with pirfenidone, patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis experienced significant improvements in 6-minute walking distance and University of California San Diego Shortness of Breath Questionnaire scores.