Researchers conducted an anonymous survey of medical trainees with a case vignette to determine attitudes regarding palliative care for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Supraglottic airway resuscitation likely more or just as effective as endotracheal intubation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
In a randomized controlled trial, supraglottic airway resuscitation was associated with marginally better neurological outcomes and 72-hour survival compared with endotracheal intubation in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrests.
The recommendations include enhancing recognition of potential errors, increasing teamwork, and patient-centeredness.
Oxygen saturation at induction and acute hypoxemic respiratory failure were the risk factors most strongly associated with lower oxygen saturation.
The use of a supraglottic airway device compared with tracheal intubation did not result in a favorable functional outcome in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
Although preterm infants had abnormal tidal breathing measurements, significant differences were not found to be associated with postdischarge respiratory disease.
Influenza proved to be an independent risk factor for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.
The clinical prediction tool that uses confusion, uremia, elevated respiratory rate, and hypotension in community-acquired pneumonia demonstrated an association with ICU admittance.
Compassion and communication for both patients and families are among the most important factors involved in providing end-of-life care.
Spontaneous pleurodesis was achieved more frequently in the daily drainage group than in the symptom-guided drainage group.
However, completing individual bundle elements in that timeframe does not reduce pediatric mortality.
Lower and higher oxygen saturation targets result in equal but contrasting outcomes for extremely preterm infants
In this meta-analysis, there was no significant difference between lower and higher oxygen saturation targets on a primary composite of mortality or major disability at a corrected age of 18-24 months for infants born extremely preterm.
Lactate clearance improved in patients who presented with septic shock who were given thiamine within 24 hours of hospital admission.
Indwelling pleural catheters can be used safely but with caution as a bridge to transplant or as palliative care.
Overall outcomes of hospital mortality, unit mortality, and reintubation were similar between patients who were still on vasoactive infusions and those who were not.
Reducing the number of computers in surgical intensive care units reduced barriers to communication.
The Pediatric Index Pulmonary Hypertension Intensive Care Mortality model was compared with the Pediatric Risk of Mortality 2 and 3 models to determine the best model for predicting mortality.
ICU telemedicine was associated with a reduction in interhospital transfers in patients with respiratory and gastrointestinal diagnoses.
ICU and hospital mortality were lower for patients with cancer vs those without cancer.
In patients with end-stage interstitial lung disease, there was a higher rate of survival to transplantation with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
Risk for death from sepsis was higher at hospitals with the lowest volume of immunosuppressed patients with sepsis.