Pulmonary Embolism Rule-out Criteria non-inferior to usual care for patients at low-risk for pulmonary embolismFebruary 19, 2018
In this multicenter, randomized controlled study, the Pulmonary Embolism Rule-out Criteria (PERC) strategy resulted in significantly fewer uses of CT pulmonary angiography, reduced ED length of stay, and fewer hospital admissions.
High levels of C-reactive protein and neutrophils as well as low eosinophil count predicted a poor prognosis in COPD.
A CHEST expert panel has released updated guidelines for lung cancer screening.
Patients with suspected PH should undergo two 6MWTs to improve the accuracy of exercise capacity measurements.
Researchers examined variation in airway branches to determine whether they have an effect on the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
The 6-minute walk test had prognostic value with respect to mortality in a population of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Brain natriuretic peptide levels may accurately predict 5-year survival rates in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Although the 2017 GOLD classification did not better predict mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overall, it did so when patients were extensively categorized by severity.
Patients who received provider-ordered influenza testing were more likely to be younger and present with fever and "influenza-like illness."
No data have demonstrated improved mortality, morbidity, or quality of life as a result of screening for COPD in asymptomatic individuals.
Lung cancer screening is more effective and efficient for high-risk individuals.
Although the Wells and revised Geneva scores are used in the general population to predict pulmonary embolism, researchers found they were not reliable in pregnant and postpartum women.
Pulmonary hemodynamic changes in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension may be monitored via the 6-minute walk test.
A gas-capillary column ion mobility spectrometer may be a feasible and noninvasive tool for clinicians to diagnose respiratory tract infections in hospitalized patients.
Researchers identified 4 specific symptoms that could be the basis for a pneumonia diagnosis.
Fractional exhaled nitric oxide measurement can diagnose asthma in patients 5 years and older.
Midturbinate swabs for influenza detection provided a more comfortable experience for patients compared with traditional nasopharyngeal swabs.
The use of spirometry during infancy or early adulthood may help identify individuals at risk for poor health outcomes
Sputum eosinophil counts may be a better predictor of COPD exacerbations compared with serum blood eosinophil counts.
No single finding appears to reliably predict a pneumonia diagnosis in pediatric patients younger than 5 years of age.
The 2006 CHEST management algorithms for acute, subacute, and chronic cough appear to be useful in treating adults globally.
Hemodynamics may improve in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension after balloon pulmonary angioplasty with complication rates comparable to pulmonary endarterectomy.
PanCan study effectively identified patients who eventually developed early-stage lung cancer, compared to other predictive models.
Results indicate that further study of the relationship between the 6-minute walk distance test and functional capacity in PAH is necessary.
The relationship between negative tuberculin skin test and in-hospital mortality has not been previously studied.
A new diagnostic test and algorithm may be able to diagnose lung cancer from tumor-educated platelets.
Recommendations to include CT scans as standard follow-up procedure is based on poor evidence.
Charleston comorbidity index is an independent predictor of mortality in patients with hemodynamically stable pulmonary embolism.
Questions involving physician-diagnosed COPD have a low sensitivity and a high specificity.
Patients who underwent lung CT screening had a higher 2-week smoking cessation rate vs patients who did not undergo screening.