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COPD Exacerbations May Be Reduced With Vitamin D

COPD Exacerbations May Be Reduced With Vitamin D

The review showed supplementation was only effective for baseline vitamin D levels <25 nmol/L.

Cardiovascular Comorbidity Screening Should Be Conducted in COPD With Obesity

Cardiovascular Comorbidity Screening Should Be Conducted in COPD With Obesity

Hypertension and diabetes are especially prevalent comorbidities in obese patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Influenza Vaccine Cuts Flu-Related Hospitalization in COPD

Influenza Vaccine Cuts Flu-Related Hospitalization in COPD

Influenza-positive patients have higher rates of crude mortality and critical illness vs influenza-negative patients.

Hypercapnic COPD Survival, Clinical Outcomes With High-Intensity NIV

Hypercapnic COPD Survival, Clinical Outcomes With High-Intensity NIV

Patients with comorbid stable COPD and chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure have improved symptoms and survival rates with high-intensity noninvasive ventilation.

Keeping Up-to-Date on COPD Controversies: A Clinician Interview

Keeping Up-to-Date on COPD Controversies: A Clinician Interview

The GOLD scientific committee published a report on current controversies in COPD, including the role of cigarette smoking vs biomass exposure, the role of thoracic imaging, and different treatment strategies.

Overlap Syndrome in COPD and OSA Is Up 4-Fold in Medicare Beneficiaries

Overlap Syndrome in COPD and OSA Is Up 4-Fold in Medicare Beneficiaries

The prevalence of overlap syndrome in obstructive sleep apnea and COPD in Medicare beneficiaries increased 4-fold from 2004 to 2013.

COPD Assessment Test May Help Determine Severity of Bronchiectasis

COPD Assessment Test May Help Determine Severity of Bronchiectasis

The COPD assessment test proved to be valid and reproducible in assessing the impact effect and severity of bronchiectasis symptoms in patients with COPD.

COPD and Obesity: Is There a Dose-Response Relationship in Nonsmokers?

COPD and Obesity: Is There a Dose-Response Relationship in Nonsmokers?

The odds of developing COPD were considerably higher in both men and women with class III obesity compared with normal weight individuals.

Anxiety in COPD Benefits From Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs Self-Help

Anxiety in COPD Benefits From Cognitive Behavioral Therapy vs Self-Help

Cognitive behavioral therapy interventions were statistically and clinically superior to self-help leaflets in the treatment of anxiety in patients with COPD.

Frailty Linked to Poor Health Outcomes in COPD

Frailty Linked to Poor Health Outcomes in COPD

Patients with COPD who were considered frail were more likely to have lower quality of life, increased rate and length of hospitalization, and a higher rate of mortality.

Self-Management Support Improves Quality of Life in COPD

Self-Management Support Improves Quality of Life in COPD

Compared with usual care, a comprehensive 3-month program combining transition and long-term self-management support for patients with COPD led to significantly fewer COPD-related hospitalizations and greater quality of life.

COPD Tied to Obesity in Never-Smokers

COPD Tied to Obesity in Never-Smokers

A strong dose-response relationship was seen in never-smokers aged 50 and older.

COPD Short-Term Outcomes Predicted by Risk Scale

COPD Short-Term Outcomes Predicted by Risk Scale

Ottawa COPD Risk Scale is valid for predicting short-term serious outcomes for patients in the emergency department.

Blood Eosinophilia-Targeted COPD Treatment: LABA-ICS vs LAMAs

Blood Eosinophilia-Targeted COPD Treatment: LABA-ICS vs LAMAs

Blood eosinophil concentrations could be used to target patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who are likely to respond to initial long-acting bronchodilator therapy.

COPD Prevalence Higher in Poor and Rural Communities

COPD Prevalence Higher in Poor and Rural Communities

Living in a rural community was a predictor for COPD prevalence, whether the individual had a history of smoking or was a current smoker.

COPD May Predict Mortality in Ventricular Tachyarrhythmias, Sudden Cardiac Arrest

COPD May Predict Mortality in Ventricular Tachyarrhythmias, Sudden Cardiac Arrest

The presence of COPD is linked to higher all-cause mortality and cardiac death at 24 hours in high-risk patients who present with ventricular tachyarrhythmias and sudden cardiac arrest.

Sputum Microbiome May Predict Prognosis After COPD Hospitalization

Sputum Microbiome May Predict Prognosis After COPD Hospitalization

Decreasing alpha diversity in the microbiome profile of sputum samples of patients hospitalized with COPD acute exacerbations was associated with increased 1-year mortality.

COPD, Nocturnal Hypoxemia May Increase CV Events in Women With Suspected OSA

COPD, Nocturnal Hypoxemia May Increase CV Events in Women With Suspected OSA

Nocturnal hypoxemia, along with COPD, increased the risk for cardiovascular events and mortality in female patients with suspected obstructive sleep apnea.

Traveling by Airplane With COPD: Expert Advice

Traveling by Airplane With COPD: Expert Advice

Healthcare providers should educate all patients with COPD about their flight-related risks and the need to seek medical advice before flying.

Endobronchial Valve Therapy: A Nonsurgical Option for Advanced Emphysema

Endobronchial Valve Therapy: A Nonsurgical Option for Advanced Emphysema

Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction with valve replacement shows the most promise for improving lung function, exercise tolerance, and quality of life in patients with advanced emphysema.

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