Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction with valve replacement shows the most promise for improving lung function, exercise tolerance, and quality of life in patients with advanced emphysema.
The concept of thirdhand smoke was originally introduced in 1953, when rodent studies first demonstrated the carcinogenic effects of the residue from tobacco smoke.
While technological breakthroughs have had positive effects in the corporate world, they have led to exacerbated physician burnout in the medical field.
Electrical stimulation of the hypoglossal nerve could be a viable treatment alternative to continuous positive airway pressure in obstructive sleep apnea.
Smoking cessation in patients with asthma is associated with reduced symptoms, improved lung function and quality of life, reduced use of rescue medications, improved airway hyperresponsiveness, and decreased hyperactivity.
Clinicians are eager for new therapies to address the damage to airways and lung parenchyma because no current therapy can completely reverse COPD damage.
Changing pollination patterns, extreme weather events, rising sea levels, air pollution, and extreme temperatures all negatively affect respiratory conditions.
Despite their advantages, many clinicians do not necessarily agree with the centrality or content of CPGs. Others — especially primary care physicians (PCPs) — are overwhelmed by the vast and ever-increasing numbers of guidelines issued by multiple societies.
The SYGMA trials assessed the use of an as-needed combined corticosteroid/beta-agonist inhaler in patients with mild asthma.
Although screening for lung cancer with low-dose computed tomography has demonstrated a reduction in mortality, some experts say the benefits do not outweigh the potential harms.
Lung transplantation can extend survival in patients with cystic fibrosis who have compromised lung function and increasing exacerbations.
Current research suggests patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension may benefit from iron and vitamin D supplementation.
Although emerging data offer valuable clues, the pathophysiological distinctions between different phenotypes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are still poorly understood.
Inhaling and smoking heroin and cocaine increase the risk for asthma exacerbations and decreased pulmonary function; marijuana is associated with wheezing, cough, and sputum production.
Although COPD has been identified as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, researchers are less certain about the relationship between COPD and stroke.
Because determining an appropriate treatment plan for a patient depends on the subtype of the disease, it is imperative for providers to know and understand the underlying mechanisms of CRS as well as the components included in a medical evaluation of a patient.
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing can be an important diagnostic and prognostic tool in pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Although all of the guidelines acknowledge that there are emergent situations in which providing care for a family member or friend is not only permissible but also essential, other situations are frowned upon.
Ranking or otherwise gauging physician quality isn't just a way to assign bragging rights — performance metrics can be used to set reimbursement levels, tailor insurance, and identify physicians who are falling behind.
The use of a risk calculator aimed at achieving a low-risk profile in PAH trials is discussed.
Recent research suggests that increasing obesity class is independently associated with worse respiratory-specific and general quality of life outcomes in COPD.
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine staged a debate between proponents and opponents of pan-TB regimens to tackle the current suboptimal worldwide management of TB resistance.
Recent evidence suggests that systemic sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus in pulmonary arterial hypertension should be considered separate diseases.
Identifying a patient's preferences and goals leads to a care plan that can reflect those goals, and this may improve patient satisfaction.
Emerging guidelines for diagnosing and treating asthma COPD overlap syndrome will help clinicians better manage patients and prevent serious adverse effects.
Although cigarette taxes were supposedly implemented to encourage smokers to quit, they can have a disproportionate effect on people of low-income status.
No single solution to address sexual harassment in medicine exists, but physicians of all genders must come together to make progress.
Statins have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects, which could reduce exacerbations of both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
The culture of bullying — widespread across the medical field — has been linked to poorer patient outcomes. So why can't physicians stop bullying in its tracks?
Treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease remains challenging, particularly in terms of choosing the appropriate fixed-dose combination bronchodilator.
Early intervention in the case of respiratory compromise in patients with multiple sclerosis has the potential to prevent infection and maintain pulmonary function.
While ICD-10-CM may be an improvement on an old process, big data is the revolution that has the potential to change health care forever.
Electronic cigarettes were once thought to be a helpful smoking cessation tool, but new evidence suggests they may be as if not more harmful than combustible cigarettes.
Patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have especially high rates of nonadherence, even in comparison with other chronic diseases.
To examine the link between cardiovascular disease and sleep apnea, The Cardiology Advisor spoke with cardiologist Seth S. Martin, MD, MHS, FACC, FAHA and sleep specialist Rachel Marie E. Salas, MD, FAAN.
Prenatal and early life stress, including societal stress, have been implicated in the development of asthma and other allergic diseases in children.
As a result of activating the inflammatory-immune system, pneumonia may trigger cardiovascular complications.
Study examines increased physical activity may lower the risk for several cancers and may be beneficial for improving quality of life.
Every year, suicide takes the lives of close to 400 physicians, and takes medical care from as many as 1 million patients.
Researchers conducted an anonymous survey of medical trainees with a case vignette to determine attitudes regarding palliative care for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Researchers examined variation in airway branches to determine whether they have an effect on the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
No data have demonstrated improved mortality, morbidity, or quality of life as a result of screening for COPD in asymptomatic individuals.
Analyzing volatile organic compounds in pediatric patients with asthma shows promise for disease diagnosis and management.
Researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases are working to develop a universal influenza vaccine.
Evaluating the pros and cons of defensive medicine, the practice of recommending tests or treatments for the purpose of avoiding or mitigating litigation.
Evaluating the difference between unconscious and conscious problem solving in medicine.
Evaluating the benefits of wearable fitness technology.
Evaluating the use of computerized decision support systems in medical practice.
Educational campaigns regarding the value of vaccines should integrate social psychological considerations with health communication principles.
Evaluating contributing factors to healthcare inequality in the United States.
Clinical trial research is set to comply with a new code of ethics in 2018.
Patient satisfaction was reportedly worse when clinicians denied certain requests.
At a research seminar held by the European Respiratory Society in February 2017, a group of investigators discussed how precision medicine may improve treatment in asthma and COPD.
Smokers with asthma have been encouraged to switch from conventional to electronic cigarettes, but the latter may still cause respiratory damage.
The ability of machine learning programs to diagnose medical conditions and predict outcomes is discussed in an opinion article.
Recommendations for testing and treating latent TB infection have been discussed by a representative from the California Department of Public Health.
Lung transplantation may be an option in patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension who do not respond well to medical therapy.
Patients with PD-L1-positive malignancies have shown higher response rates to immune checkpoint inhibition and consequently prolonged progression-free/overall survival compared with others.
Using biomarkers in pulmonary arterial hypertension may be a less invasive strategy for assessing response to treatment.
Pulmonary and thoracic symptoms often coincide with initial presentation of connective tissue disease.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is becoming a major cause of death in patients with systemic sclerosis.
Mobile devices may help patients with asthma better manage and control their disease.
Respiratory muscle dysfunction, iron deficiency, and skeletal muscle dysfunction have been implicated as mechanisms for exercise intolerance in pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Lung disease experts Athol Wells, MD, and Joshua Mooney, MD, MS, debate the diagnostic value of bronchoalveolar lavage in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Although some pregnant women discontinue their asthma medications for fear of fetal drug toxicity, they may be putting their babies at greater risk.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension tends to vary in presentation in patients of different races and ethnicities.
Prenatal factors such as intrauterine growth retardation, infection, and placental inflammation can affect lung development in neonates.
The pathogeneses of steroid insensitivity in severe, steroid-resistant asthma may unlock new potential treatments.
Recent research suggests that perioperative and postoperative pulmonary rehabilitation improves outcomes in patients undergoing thoracic surgery.
Considered low-hanging fruit by hackers, the health care sector is particularly vulnerable to attack.
An estimated 55% to 85% of hospital-acquired pneumonia infections involve gram-negative bacteria, while 20% to 30% of cases involve gram-positive cocci.
Medical devices such as thermometers and pacemakers are regulated differently than pharmaceuticals in the US.
Pharmaceutical research has made vast improvements in genetic studies and patient-targeted therapies.
Susannah L. Rose, PhD discusses her thoughts of industry funded patient advocacy organizations and what clinicians should keep in mind when interpreting results of research.
Medicaid expansion under the American Care Act decreased uninsurance rates but patient care lacks improvement on coverage.
Meta-analysis supports anti-RNP and anti-Sm antibodies as serological biomarkers of PAH risk in patients with SLE.
The answer to the question regarding legal responsibility seems to revolve around the issue of whether or not a physician-patient relationship exists.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine released a report titled "The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids: The Current State of Evidence and Recommendation for Research."
Personal opinion and examples of sexism experienced by Elise Barney, DO
Atezolizumab was approved for patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
Medical malpractice reform should focus on cost, access, and imprecision of the system, according to experts.
Annual lung cancer screenings using low-dose computed tomography among high-risk individuals remain "low and unchanged."
Intravenous zanamivir is as safe and effective as oral oseltamivir when used in patients with severe influenza.
Pulmonary and genetics experts James E. Loyd, MD, and Wendy Chung, MD, PhD, offer insight into the role of genetics in pulmonary arterial hypertension.
In the guidance documents, the FDA advised against using any marketing language that may be "misleading" or has potential to cause patient harm.
Lung ultrasounds present an effective alternative to diagnosing pneumonia.