Compared with fine particle inhaled corticosteroids, extrafine particle inhaled corticosteroids helped patients achieve asthma control.
Montelukast is associated with depression, aggression, and nightmares in children.
Patients with clinical markers of greater asthma severity may experience a more significant reduction of exacerbations when treated with omalizumab.
Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired complicated pneumonia.
Investigators found that macrolides correlated with lower odds of treatment failure in patients younger than 5 with CAP.
Low education and low income are linked to lower uptakes of PCV13 in minorities 65 years and older.
Using serum procalcitonin levels to diagnose and manage bacterial pneumonia decreases length of hospital stay.
The European Respiratory Society and American Thoracic Society have released updated guidelines on the use of noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure.
Asthma in elderly patients presents with increased airway obstruction and mixed inflammation, possibly representing a distinct phenotype.
Tumor lysis syndrome can occur even in the absence of chemotherapy, and clinicians should remain suspicious when patients demonstrate laboratory abnormalities.
Differences in right ventricular morphology may predict the hemodynamic nature of pulmonary hypertension.
Replacing smoking with vaping would result in “substantial” life-year gains.
An online survey of 500 practicing female physicians indicated pay inequality and contract negotiation were top issues.
The relationship between negative tuberculin skin test and in-hospital mortality has not been previously studied.
Despite the loss of the live attenuated influenza vaccine, overall immunization rates in children 2-17 remained steady.
Overall and progression-free survival were improved with greater depth of response to therapy in non-small cell lung cancer.
Long-acting muscarinic antagonists plus long-acting beta-agonists for COPD is associated with fewer exacerbations compared with long-acting beta-agonists plus inhaled corticosteroids.
Patients with COPD who have elevated blood eosinophilic levels may benefit from treatment with mepolizumab.
The majority of healthcare workers receive an influenza vaccination, but more pregnant women should be vaccinated.
Patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea who use continuous positive airway pressure therapy may experience a decrease in carotid intima-media thickness.
Time to sputum culture conversation was not statistically significant between isoniazid-resistant tuberculosis and isoniazid-suspectible tuberculosis.
Of the more than 2500 adults surveyed, 21% reported personally experiencing a medical error.
Patients with metastatic lung cancer who receive both both immune checkpoint inhibitors and thoracic radiotherapy.do not have a greater risk for immune-related adverse events.
Pulmonary endarterectomy is an effective and durable treatment for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.
Children who discontinue inhaled corticosteroids for well-controlled asthma may experience worsening symptoms.
Adjuvant adoptive cellular immunotherapy plus chemotherapy improved survival in patients with resected non-small cell lung caner.
Thoroughness of nodal examination determines prognostic value of non-small cell lung cancer staging.
Red flags for embezzlement in medical practices include secretive behavior, sudden displays of wealth, and refusal to take vacations.
ROS1 and ALK rearrangements in patients with non-small cell lung cancer may predict different metastasis distributions at diagnosis.
Smokers with HIV who are adherent to antiretroviral therapy are still likely to die from lung cancer.