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Scoliosis

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Scoliosis is lateral and rotational deformity of the thoracolumbar spine. Idiopathic scoliosis is most common and most often seen in females, and patients usually present for surgery during adolescence. Congenital scoliosis is less common and is usually the result of a rib or vertebral anomaly; patients…

Nonobstetric surgery during pregnancy

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Providing anesthesia for non-obstetric surgery during pregnancy can be anxiety-provoking for all involved. Roughly 2% of women will have surgery during pregnancy, involving about 80,000 anesthetics in the United States. Although statistics are hard to come by, this number is probably increasing with laparoscopic procedures accounting…

Refractive surgery

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Laser refractive surgery is increasingly popular as a mode of permanent vision correction. The goal of the surgery is to modify the shape of the cornea and thus correct myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and/or presbyopia. A relatively new technique, it has developed rapidly over the past 35…

Corneal Transplantation

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Corneal transplantation is an outpatient procedure utilizing corneal tissue from a cadaver. The graft can be either partial (lamellar keratoplasty) or full (penetrating keratoplasty) and involve synthetic tissue or stem cells. Transplantation is usually indicated after visual loss from corneal cloudiness or distortion in shape secondary…

Clubfoot Repair

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Clubfoot (talipes equinovarus) is a common congenital defect that occurs in 1:1000 live births. The male-to-female ratio is about 2:1, with a bilateral occurrence of 50%. The majority of pediatric patients presenting with clubfoot will not be syndromic. Typically, clubfoot will occur as an isolated defect.…

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