The risk increased for complications, adverse perinatal outcomes, and early childhood respiratory disorders.
Before puberty, girls have a lower risk for incident asthma, rhinitis, and respiratory multimorbidity compared with boys, but these incidences become more balanced after puberty.
A significantly lower hair cortisol concentration was observed in patients with asthma compared with healthy controls, suggesting that this measurement may be used to detect individuals at risk for hypocortisolism.
Steroid usage is low in pediatric asthma emergency medical services transports, indicating an area of improvement for prehospital management of pediatric asthma.
The accumulation of airway adipose tissue in overweight individuals may contribute to excessive airway narrowing and exacerbate symptoms in patients with existing asthma.