In patients with COPD, subclinical left ventricular systolic dysfunction is likely to be detected when measured by tissue Doppler imaging, even in patients without pulmonary hypertension.
Relatively low levels of utilization of guideline-recommended, nonpharmacologic interventions for COPD, with the exception of flu vaccination, have been reported.
Metered Cryospray was safe and effective for improving multidimensional patient-reported outcomes in patients with chronic bronchitis in COPD.
In patients with COPD who are hospitalized for an exacerbation, mortality, length of stay, and costs are all higher in those with a muscle loss phenotype.
Patients with moderate to very severe COPD who received triple fixed doses of an inhaled glucocorticoid, LAMA, and LABA had fewer exacerbations compared with those taking 2 of the 3 medications.