Influenza Vaccine 2017-2018: Updates From the CDC

Influenza Vaccine 2017-2018: Updates From the CDC

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) has issued the 2017-2018 influenza vaccination guidelines.

Pulmonary Rehabilitation Benefits in COPD, Lung Cancer, and Other Respiratory Conditions

Pulmonary Rehabilitation Benefits in COPD, Lung Cancer, and Other Respiratory Conditions

Recent research suggests that perioperative and postoperative pulmonary rehabilitation improves outcomes in patients undergoing thoracic surgery.

Community-Acquired Pneumococcal Pneumonia Treatment Outcomes in HIV Immunosuppression

Community-Acquired Pneumococcal Pneumonia Treatment Outcomes in HIV Immunosuppression

Patients had similar outcomes with standardized treatment for community-acquired pneumococcal pneumonia regardless of HIV status.

Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: Challenges in Diagnosis and Management

Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: Challenges in Diagnosis and Management

An estimated 55% to 85% of hospital-acquired pneumonia infections involve gram-negative bacteria, while 20% to 30% of cases involve gram-positive cocci.

Influenza Outcomes Associated with IFITM3 Genetic Marker

Influenza Outcomes Associated with IFITM3 Genetic Marker

The rs34481144 risk allele may serve as a genetic marker for identifying individuals at increased risk for severe influenza infection.

Particulate Matter Exposure Alters Metabolic Function, Increases Stress Hormones

Particulate Matter Exposure Alters Metabolic Function, Increases Stress Hormones

Particulate matter exposure increased stress hormones and altered metabolic receptors.

Efficacy of 2015-2016 Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine in Children

Efficacy of 2015-2016 Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine in Children

Data from the 2015-2016 season shows that the live attenuated influenza vaccine was ineffective among children ages 2-17.

Hypoxemia, Breathing Difficulty May Indicate Pneumonia in Children

Hypoxemia, Breathing Difficulty May Indicate Pneumonia in Children

Clinical symptoms of pneumonia should be identified quickly in pediatric patients to prevent inappropriate therapy.

Does High-Dose Flu Vaccine Reduce Hospitalizations in Nursing Home Residents?

Does High-Dose Flu Vaccine Reduce Hospitalizations in Nursing Home Residents?

Influenza and pulmonary-related hospitalizations were lower in elderly patients who received the high-dose trivalent influenza vaccine vs the standard dose.

High-Dose Vitamin D Does Not Prevent URTI in Young Healthy Children

High-Dose Vitamin D Does Not Prevent URTI in Young Healthy Children

Increasing Vitamin D supplements does not prevent winter upper respiratory tract infections in young healthy children.

Influenza Vaccine May Benefit Elderly Patients With Asthma

Influenza Vaccine May Benefit Elderly Patients With Asthma

Influenza vaccination provided a small protective effect in patients with asthma.

Seqirus Ships 2017-2018 Influenza Vaccinations

Seqirus Ships 2017-2018 Influenza Vaccinations

Vaccinations include Fluad, Flucelvax Quadrivalent, Afluria Quadrivalent, and Fluvirin,

Avoiding Pneumonia in Patients With COPD

Avoiding Pneumonia in Patients With COPD

Pneumonia primarily affects young children, smokers, adults 65 years and older, and people with COPD.

Mortality in CAP Following Sepsis Clinical Criteria Update

Mortality in CAP Following Sepsis Clinical Criteria Update

Nearly 7000 patients with community-acquired pneumonia were examined using updated Sepsis-3 Task Force criteria.

FDA: Fast Track Designation of VT-1598 for Valley Fever

FDA: Fast Track Designation of VT-1598 for Valley Fever

The oral antifungal is a promising, highly potent, highly selective drug with broad-spectrum antifungal activity.

Child Intelligence Scores Tied to Mortality Risk for CV, Respiratory, Digestive Diseases

Child Intelligence Scores Tied to Mortality Risk for CV, Respiratory, Digestive Diseases

Childhood intelligence scores are associated with lower risk of mortality caused by coronary heart disease, cancers related to smoking, respiratory diseases, digestive diseases, injury, and dementia.

Public Health and Influenza: Why the Flu Vaccine is So Important

Public Health and Influenza: Why the Flu Vaccine is So Important

During the 2015-2016 flu season, approximately 59.3% of children and 41.7% of adults received the influenza vaccine.

Reduced Hospital Readmissions and Mortality Rates: How Are They Linked?

Reduced Hospital Readmissions and Mortality Rates: How Are They Linked?

Researchers analyzed data from hospitalized Medicare patients with acute MI, heart failure, or pneumonia between 2008 and 2014.

2016-2017 Influenza-Associated Pediatric Deaths Surpass 100

2016-2017 Influenza-Associated Pediatric Deaths Surpass 100

The 2016-2017 flu season is the first time since 2014-2015 that pediatric influenza-associated deaths have surpassed 100.

9/11 First Responders Experiencing Higher Rates of Chronic Cardiovascular, Respiratory Diseases

9/11 First Responders Experiencing Higher Rates of Chronic Cardiovascular, Respiratory Diseases

Intense exposure over the course of a single day has been linked to an elevated risk of developing chronic health conditions.

Morbidity, Mortality in VZV-Related Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Morbidity, Mortality in VZV-Related Community-Acquired Pneumonia

A large cohort study of critically ill patients with varicella-zoster virus-related community-acquired pneumonia found that significant morbidity and mortality are associated with the disease.

Does Chlorhexidine Oral Rinse Affect Outcomes in Aspiration Pneumonia?

Does Chlorhexidine Oral Rinse Affect Outcomes in Aspiration Pneumonia?

Chlorhexidine oral rinse solution 0.05% as an adjunctive intervention in daily oral hygiene care in nursing home residents does not reduce the rate of aspiration pneumonia.

Joblessness High Following Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Joblessness High Following Respiratory Distress Syndrome

One year after hospital discharge, high rates of acute respiratory distress survivors are jobless.

Case Study: A Patient Presents With Recurring Influenza Symptoms

Right-sided abdominal pain, vomitting, fever, and mild diarrhea were all present in a 66-year-old woman with a history of sarcoidosis and hypertension.

Examination of Dose-Sparing Safe With Influenza Vaccine

Examination of Dose-Sparing Safe With Influenza Vaccine

Immunogenicity of 4 different vaccine strains, including H1N1, H3N2, and B influenza, were examined.

Decreases in In-Hospital Aspiration Pneumonia Mortality

Decreases in In-Hospital Aspiration Pneumonia Mortality

Between 2002 and 2012, in-hospital mortality rates for aspiration pneumonia dropped across the US.

Recent Respiratory Infection Ups Acute Myocardial Infarction Risk

Recent Respiratory Infection Ups Acute Myocardial Infarction Risk

In the week following a respiratory infection, researchers found that acute myocardial infarction risk increased sharply.

Are Outcomes Worse in Patients With HIV With Community-Acquired Pneumonia?

Are Outcomes Worse in Patients With HIV With Community-Acquired Pneumonia?

Patients with HIV who develop CAP do not need special treatment in comparison to healthy individuals according to a Barcelona study.

Clinician Initiation Communication Affects Parental Decision-Making With Influenza Vaccine

Clinician Initiation Communication Affects Parental Decision-Making With Influenza Vaccine

Videotapes of 50 visits were examined to determine whether clinician pursuit of influenza vaccine affected vaccination rates in pediatric patients.

Seqirus Influenza Vaccine Safe, Effective in Children

Seqirus Influenza Vaccine Safe, Effective in Children

Over 2278 health subjects were included in a multicenter study of the Seqirus IIV4 quadrivalent inactivated influenza vaccine.

Initial Antibiotic Treatment Ineffective in Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Initial Antibiotic Treatment Ineffective in Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Approximately 22.1% adults do not respond to initial antibiotic treatment for community-acquired pneumonia, according to new research presented at ATS 2017.

Can Rapid Viral Testing Reduce Unnecessary Antibiotic Use?

Can Rapid Viral Testing Reduce Unnecessary Antibiotic Use?

Molecular point-of-care testing for viruses led to more patients receiving single or brief doses of antibiotics without any evidence of increased harm.

Risk of Worsening Asthma From LAIV Unfounded

Risk of Worsening Asthma From LAIV Unfounded

A new study found no risks for exacerbation of asthma in children given LAIV, despite ACIP recommendations against its use in children with asthma.

Increase Pneumonia Risk in Asthma With Inhaled Corticosteroids Use

Increase Pneumonia Risk in Asthma With Inhaled Corticosteroids Use

Patients with asthma have an increased risk of pneumonia when using inhaled corticosteroids, including budesonide and fluticasone.

AATS Guidelines: Evidence-based Empyema Management

AATS Guidelines: Evidence-based Empyema Management

The American Association for Thoracic Surgery released guidelines for the management of empyema.

H1N1 Influenza Vaccine More Effective in Children

H1N1 Influenza Vaccine More Effective in Children

The inactivated monovalent influenza A(H1N1) vacccines in both adjuvanted and unadjuvanted forms were more effective in children than adults.

Amoxicillin vs Macrolide: Antibiotic Prescribing Habits in Children With CAP

Amoxicillin vs Macrolide: Antibiotic Prescribing Habits in Children With CAP

Despite current guidelines recommending amoxicillin in most children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), macrolides and broad-spectrum antibiotics continue to be prescribed for outpatient CAP.

Safety Outcomes of Influenza Vaccine in Pregnancy

Safety Outcomes of Influenza Vaccine in Pregnancy

Birth weight and week's gestation of infants at birth are not affected by maternal influenza vaccination during any trimester of pregnancy.

Safety and Efficacy: IV Zanamivir vs Oral Oseltamivir in Severe Influenza

Safety and Efficacy: IV Zanamivir vs Oral Oseltamivir in Severe Influenza

Intravenous zanamivir is as safe and effective as oral oseltamivir when used in patients with severe influenza.

Study Finds Quadrivalent Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine Safe

Study Finds Quadrivalent Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine Safe

No safety signals were observed with the administration of quadrivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine, according to a large population study.

Double-dose IIV4 Safe and Effective in Young Children

Double-dose IIV4 Safe and Effective in Young Children

Researchers evaluated whether administering double-dose IIV4 to children younger than 3 years of age improved protection against influenza B without increasing adverse events in a phase 3 trial.

LAIV May Be Safe in Children with Underlying Medical Conditions

LAIV May Be Safe in Children with Underlying Medical Conditions

The live attenuated influenza vaccine, LAIV, is safe in children under 2 with underlying medical conditions.

Statin Potency Association With Risk of Hospitalization for CAP

Statin Potency Association With Risk of Hospitalization for CAP

Higher-potency statins increase the risk of hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia.

Accuracy of Lung Ultrasonography for Pneumonia Diagnosis

Accuracy of Lung Ultrasonography for Pneumonia Diagnosis

Lung ultrasounds present an effective alternative to diagnosing pneumonia.

Risk of Pneumonia Increases With Antidementia Drugs in Alzheimer

Risk of Pneumonia Increases With Antidementia Drugs in Alzheimer

Patients with Alzheimer's disease undergoing monotherapy with memantine have a higher risk of pneumonia.

Rate of Pediatric Empyema Hospitalizations Decreased PCV13 Introduction

Rate of Pediatric Empyema Hospitalizations Decreased PCV13 Introduction

Hospitalization rates for parapneumonic empyema in US children fell after introducing the 13 valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine PCV13.

Switching From IV-to-Oral Antibiotics Safe in Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia

Switching From IV-to-Oral Antibiotics Safe in Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia

Switching from intravenous to oral antibiotics in patients with healthcare-associated pneumonia was found to be safe.

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