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Effect of Maternal Influenza Vaccination on Infant Mortality

Effect of Maternal Influenza Vaccination on Infant Mortality

Investigators sought to determine the association between maternal vaccination and infant mortality.

An Inflammatory Response: Cardiovascular Complications of Pneumonia

An Inflammatory Response: Cardiovascular Complications of Pneumonia

As a result of activating the inflammatory-immune system, pneumonia may trigger cardiovascular complications.

Opioid use associated with increased risk of invasive pneumococcal disease

Researchers found the strongest link between prescription opioid use and the risk for invasive pneumococcal disease was present in individuals using long-acting, high-dose, or highly potent formulations.

Influenza Activity Updates From the CDC

Influenza Activity Updates From the CDC

Influenza A viruses have predominated the 2017 to 2018 season with a vaccine effectiveness between 25% and 67%.

Influenza Can Be Inactivated Using Far-Ultraviolet C Light

Influenza Can Be Inactivated Using Far-Ultraviolet C Light

Airborne influenza viruses may be safely and effectively eradicated with continuous low doses of far ultraviolet C light.

Pneumococcal Disease Risk Linked to Opioid Use

Pneumococcal Disease Risk Linked to Opioid Use

Long-acting, high-potency, and high-dose opioids were associated with an increased risk for invasive pneumococcal disease.

2018 Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Released

2018 Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Released

The recommended childhood and adolescent immunization schedule for the United States has been issued for 2018.

Invasive Mechanical Ventilation in Severe CAP Increased Mortality Risk

Invasive Mechanical Ventilation in Severe CAP Increased Mortality Risk

Invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia appeared to increase their mortality risk.

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

Nasopharyngeal samples collected from young children with acute otitis media were analyzed for S pneumoniae, H influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis and compared before and after PCV13 introduction.

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Patient, practice, and provider characteristics are associated with inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing in the outpatient setting.

FDA Approves Avycaz Supplemental NDA for Pneumonia

FDA Approves Avycaz Supplemental NDA for Pneumonia

The FDA approved the supplemental New Drug Application for Avycaz to treat adults with hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia.

Reducing Postoperative Respiratory Complications Through Physiotherapy

Reducing Postoperative Respiratory Complications Through Physiotherapy

The preoperative physiotherapy intervention cut the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications by 50%.

Procalcitonin-Guided Pneumonia Treatment Associated With Improved Outcomes

Procalcitonin-Guided Pneumonia Treatment Associated With Improved Outcomes

Procalcitonin may decrease mortality rates in patients with acute respiratory infections, including pneumonia.

Influenza Testing Ordered Less Often in Older Hospitalized Adults

Influenza Testing Ordered Less Often in Older Hospitalized Adults

Patients who received provider-ordered influenza testing were more likely to be younger and present with fever and "influenza-like illness."

Influenza May Increase Risk for Acute Myocardial Infarction

Influenza May Increase Risk for Acute Myocardial Infarction

Influenza increased the risk for acute myocardial infarction within 1 year before and 1 year after the infection.

Pneumonia in Childhood Linked to Higher Short-Term Incidence of Some Cancers

Pneumonia in Childhood Linked to Higher Short-Term Incidence of Some Cancers

Short-term incidence of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer may be higher in children who were hospitalized with pneumonia.

Influenza Vaccination Rates May Increase With Reminder, Recall Systems

Influenza Vaccination Rates May Increase With Reminder, Recall Systems

Patient reminder and recall systems seem to be effective for improving receipt of immunizations.

Human Rhinovirus Incidence in Infants With Fever

Human Rhinovirus Incidence in Infants With Fever

For febrile infants, human rhinovirus is common, and detection does not alter risk of concomitant urinary tract infection or invasive bacterial infection.

Effect of Corticosteroids on Pneumonia-Related Mortality

Effect of Corticosteroids on Pneumonia-Related Mortality

Mortality from severe pneumonia may be significantly reduced with corticosteroids.

Diagnosing Bacterial Respiratory Tract Infections via Novel Mobile Spectrometer

Diagnosing Bacterial Respiratory Tract Infections via Novel Mobile Spectrometer

A gas-capillary column ion mobility spectrometer may be a feasible and noninvasive tool for clinicians to diagnose respiratory tract infections in hospitalized patients.

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