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Racial Disparities Seen in Teenagers Undergoing Flu Vaccination

Racial Disparities Seen in Teenagers Undergoing Flu Vaccination

Black adolescents have lower odds of receiving influenza vaccination than white adolescents.

Antibody Response to Flu Vaccine Evaluated in Benralizumab-Treated Asthma

Antibody Response to Flu Vaccine Evaluated in Benralizumab-Treated Asthma

The trial analyzed the antibody response of 103 asthmatic patients to the seasonal influenza vaccine.

Mortality With Influenza vs RSV Infection in Older, Hospitalized Adults

Mortality With Influenza vs RSV Infection in Older, Hospitalized Adults

In older, hospitalized adults, respiratory syncytial virus may be associated with greater morbidity and mortality compared with influenza.

Absence of Alveolar Neutrophilia Predictive of Negative Bacterial Pneumonia

Absence of Alveolar Neutrophilia Predictive of Negative Bacterial Pneumonia

Patients undergoing evaluation for ventilator-associated pneumonia who had an alveolar neutrophil percentage 90% for bacterial pneumonia.

Culture Negative Pneumonia Rates Linked to Higher PM2.5 Concentrations

Culture Negative Pneumonia Rates Linked to Higher PM2.5 Concentrations

Increases in the relative rates of culture negative pneumonia that required hospitalization or emergency department visits were significantly associated with increased concentrations of fine particulate air pollution.

Annual Influenza Shots May Lower Risk of CV Death in Heart Failure

Annual Influenza Shots May Lower Risk of CV Death in Heart Failure

A study published in Circulation has found a reduced risk of cardiovascular (CV) death in heart failure patients when they are given routine influenza vaccinations.

Combining Corticosteroids and Antibiotics May Be Cost-Effective in CAP

Combining Corticosteroids and Antibiotics May Be Cost-Effective in CAP

Treating severe community-acquired pneumonia with a combination of corticosteroids and antibiotics may be a cost-effective strategy.

Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Risk Higher in Premature Infants

Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Risk Higher in Premature Infants

Invasive pneumococcal disease was significantly higher in premature infants than in infants born at term.

PCV13 Vaccine Protects Against Serotype 3 Invasive Pneumococcal Disease in Children

PCV13 Vaccine Protects Against Serotype 3 Invasive Pneumococcal Disease in Children

A meta-analysis of case-control studies supports the use of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children as it protects against serotype 3.

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Prognosis by Phenotype

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Prognosis by Phenotype

Compared with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, nonhoneycomb hypersensitivity pneumonitis phenotypes are associated with greater improvements in percent-predicted forced vital capacity.

Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Not Modified by Statin Use

Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness Not Modified by Statin Use

Statin use did not modify the effect of vaccination on influenza in adults ≥45 years.

Lung Transplant Recipients Have New Health-Related Quality of Life Survey

Lung Transplant Recipients Have New Health-Related Quality of Life Survey

The new 60-question Lung Transplant Quality of Life survey measures symptoms, health perceptions, functioning, and well-being.

Influenza Infection Increases Mortality Risk in Acute Myocardial Infarction

Influenza Infection Increases Mortality Risk in Acute Myocardial Infarction

Investigators examined whether influenza is an independent risk factor for the development of acute myocardial infarction.

Bacterial Pneumonia Associated With Increased Risk for Future MACE

Bacterial Pneumonia Associated With Increased Risk for Future MACE

Patients with bacterial pneumonia are at higher risk for major adverse cardiovascular events within 90 days compared with patients with viral pneumonia.

Hands Are Vehicles for Transmission of Streptococcus pneumoniae

Hands Are Vehicles for Transmission of Streptococcus pneumoniae

Hands can be vehicles for transmission of pneumococcus and lead to acquisition of nasopharyngeal colonization.

CHEST Guidelines for Clinical Diagnosis of Pertussis-Associated Cough

CHEST Guidelines for Clinical Diagnosis of Pertussis-Associated Cough

In adult patients, pooled estimates of sensitivity and specificity were generated for 4 clinical features: paroxysmal cough, posttussive vomiting, inspiratory whoop, and absence of fever.

Healthcare-Associated Infections on Decline

Healthcare-Associated Infections on Decline

The risk of having a healthcare-associated infection was 16% lower in 2015 than in 2011.

Radiography Still Common in Pediatric Bronchiolitis Despite AAP Guidelines

Radiography Still Common in Pediatric Bronchiolitis Despite AAP Guidelines

Despite recommendations made by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the use of radiography in pediatric bronchiolitis has not decreased.

Low Levels of Influenza Reported in the United States From May to October

Low Levels of Influenza Reported in the United States From May to October

Seasonal influenza activity was also found to be low in the Southern Hemisphere.

New CHEST Guideline for Acute Cough Due to Suspected Pneumonia or Influenza

New CHEST Guideline for Acute Cough Due to Suspected Pneumonia or Influenza

The CHEST Expert Cough Panel agreed on cough, dyspnea, pleural pain, sweating, shivers, aches, temperature of ≥38°C, tachypnea, and new and localizing chest examination signs as clinical symptoms as criteria suggestive of pneumonia in outpatient adults.

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