Survival Predictors When Life Support Is Withheld in ICU

Survival Predictors When Life Support Is Withheld in ICU

Survival at 6 months was significantly associated with acute respiratory failure and history of COPD.

Current Smokers With Severe Asthma Distinguished by Sputum Proteomics

Current Smokers With Severe Asthma Distinguished by Sputum Proteomics

Patients with severe asthma who were current smokers were distinguishable from ex-smokers based on their sputum proteomic level of colony stimulating factor 2.

Pneumonia Risk in Severe COPD Linked to Elevated Eosinophil Count

Pneumonia Risk in Severe COPD Linked to Elevated Eosinophil Count

A higher proportion of patients with COPD and a blood eosinophil count of ≥0.34×109/L had elevated markers of low-grade systemic inflammation regardless of forced expiratory volume in 1 second.

Children With Status Asthmaticus Do Not Benefit From Magnesium Sulfate

Children With Status Asthmaticus Do Not Benefit From Magnesium Sulfate

Children with status asthmaticus who received magnesium sulfate therapy were on continuous albuterol for a longer duration.

Early Readmission Factors in COPD After Hospitalization for Acute Exacerbation

Early Readmission Factors in COPD After Hospitalization for Acute Exacerbation

Readmission rates were highest during the first 72 hours after admission for an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Addition of Olodaterol to Tiotropium Does Not Significantly Reduce COPD Exacerbations

Addition of Olodaterol to Tiotropium Does Not Significantly Reduce COPD Exacerbations

Adding olodaterol to tiotropium did not significantly reduce exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as much as researchers had anticipated.

Asthma and COPD Overlap Associated With Higher Risk for Sleep-Related Symptoms

Asthma and COPD Overlap Associated With Higher Risk for Sleep-Related Symptoms

Asthma and COPD overlap linked to higher prevalence of sleep-related symptoms, including difficulty falling asleep and maintaining sleep, early-morning awakening, and excessive daytime sleepiness.

Trelegy Ellipta Gains Expanded COPD Indication, Loses Boxed Warning

Trelegy Ellipta Gains Expanded COPD Indication, Loses Boxed Warning

The drug consists of fluticasone furoate, an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS), umeclidinium, a long-acting muscarinic antagonist, and vilanterol, a long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist (LABA), delivered via an Ellipta dry powder inhaler.

Early Child Care Attendance and Asthma, Wheeze Risk: What's the Link?

Early Child Care Attendance and Asthma, Wheeze Risk: What's the Link?

Early child care attendance increased the risk for wheeze in children ≤2 years of age but decreased the risk for asthma in children 3 to 5 years of age.

Transcatheter vs Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement in COPD

Transcatheter vs Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement in COPD

In patients with COPD, transcatheter aortic valve replacement was associated with fewer respiratory-related complications than surgical aortic valve replacement.

Breathing New Life Into COPD and Asthma Therapy With Statins

Breathing New Life Into COPD and Asthma Therapy With Statins

Statins have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects, which could reduce exacerbations of both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Triple Therapy Tied to Reduced Rate of COPD Exacerbations

Triple Therapy Tied to Reduced Rate of COPD Exacerbations

Triple therapy with fluticasone furoate, umeclidinium, and vilanterol was associated with a lower rate of exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

COPD Risk in Middle-Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Measles

COPD Risk in Middle-Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Measles

A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.

Cardiovascular Complications of COPD

Cardiovascular Complications of COPD

A 55-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reports having some mild chest pain.

Early Asthma Symptoms Linked to Lung Function in Adolescents Born Preterm

Early Asthma Symptoms Linked to Lung Function in Adolescents Born Preterm

Preterm-born children had significantly more frequent preschool wheeze compared with children born at term.

No significant benefit of long-acting muscarinic antagonists over long-acting beta-agonists in reducing exacerbation risk in uncontrolled, persistent asthma

Adjunct long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) use with corticosteroids was associated with reduced exacerbation risk compared with placebo in patients with uncontrolled, persistent asthma. However, LAMA, long-acting beta-agonist (LABA), and inhaled corticosteroids (triple therapy) were not associated with lower risk for exacerbations compared with LABA and inhaled corticosteroids alone.

Perioperative Risk Assessment in a Patient With COPD

Perioperative Risk Assessment in a Patient With COPD

A 64-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and morbid obesity seeks preoperative approval for femoral popliteal bypass surgery.

Fixed-Dosed Dual Bronchodilators for COPD: Overview and Clinician Interview

Fixed-Dosed Dual Bronchodilators for COPD: Overview and Clinician Interview

Treating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease remains challenging, particularly in terms of choosing the appropriate fixed-dose combination bronchodilator.

COPD Risk Predicted by Large Airway Dimensions on Computed Tomography

COPD Risk Predicted by Large Airway Dimensions on Computed Tomography

Greater Pi10 was associated with incident spirometry-defined chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in a general population-based sample without clinical lung disease.

Lung Function in Cystic Fibrosis Affected by Sputum Viscoelasticity and Poor Clearance

Lung Function in Cystic Fibrosis Affected by Sputum Viscoelasticity and Poor Clearance

Sputum viscoelastic properties were associated with lung function and disease status in patients with cystic fibrosis.

Asthma Exacerbation Risk Lower With SMART Therapy

Asthma Exacerbation Risk Lower With SMART Therapy

In patients with persistent asthma, single maintenance and reliever therapy was associated with a lower risk for exacerbations compared with inhaled corticosteroids as controller therapy and short-acting beta-agonists as relief therapy.

Tai Chi Helps Improve Respiratory Function in COPD

Tai Chi Helps Improve Respiratory Function in COPD

Tai chi found to be as effective as pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Debating Noninvasive vs Invasive Ventilation in Acute Exacerbations of COPD

Debating Noninvasive vs Invasive Ventilation in Acute Exacerbations of COPD

It is still not known whether differences in mortality rates between patients who receive noninvasive vs invasive ventilation for acute exacerbations of COPD can be attributed to less severe disease or other factors.

Omalizumab Effective in Severe Allergic Asthma, Regardless of Eosinophil Level

Omalizumab Effective in Severe Allergic Asthma, Regardless of Eosinophil Level

Regardless of blood eosinophil count, omalizumab was an effective treatment in adult and pediatric patients with severe allergic asthma.

Distinct Lung Function Trajectories Associated With COPD Risk

Distinct Lung Function Trajectories Associated With COPD Risk

Researchers identified 6 distinct FEV1 lung function trajectories, 3 of which were responsible for 75% of the COPD burden.

Novel Cystic Fibrosis Treatment Granted Fast Track Status

Novel Cystic Fibrosis Treatment Granted Fast Track Status

Proteostasis Therapeutics is developing the combination treatment which includes a novel transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) amplifier (PTI-428), a third generation corrector (PTI-801) and a potentiator (PTI-808).

Antibiotics, Acid-Suppressive Meds Tied to Allergic Disease

Antibiotics, Acid-Suppressive Meds Tied to Allergic Disease

Findings for subsequent allergic disease following infant exposure in the first six months of life.

Lonhala Magnair Now Available for Long-Term COPD Maintenance

Lonhala Magnair Now Available for Long-Term COPD Maintenance

Lonhala Magnair is available as a 25mcg strength inhalation solution per 1mL vial.

Simple Lung Function Tests in Primary Care Help ID Early COPD

Simple Lung Function Tests in Primary Care Help ID Early COPD

Peak flow meter, microspirometry are optimal, with full spirometry for positive results.

Sleep Quality in COPD May Predict Overall Quality of Life

Sleep Quality in COPD May Predict Overall Quality of Life

Sleep quality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease may be a significant predictor of multiple metrics of quality of life.

Two Inhalers Go Head-to-Head in COPD Exacerbation Study

Two Inhalers Go Head-to-Head in COPD Exacerbation Study

Study authors concluded, "Combining tiotropium and olodaterol did not reduce exacerbation rate as much as expected compared with tiotropium alone."

COPD: Disease Management Care vs Recommended Care Alone

COPD: Disease Management Care vs Recommended Care Alone

Disease management added to recommended care in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was not superior to recommended care alone.

Efficacy of Different Doses of Glycopyrronium Via a Metered Dose Inhaler in COPD

Efficacy of Different Doses of Glycopyrronium Via a Metered Dose Inhaler in COPD

Four different doses of glycopyrronium delivered via metered dose inhaler were compared for safety and efficacy in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Prevent Treatment Nonadherence in Asthma, COPD: Build Strong Patient Relationships

Prevent Treatment Nonadherence in Asthma, COPD: Build Strong Patient Relationships

Patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have especially high rates of nonadherence, even in comparison with other chronic diseases.

SCIT May Cut Long-Term Asthma Med Use in Pediatric Allergic Asthma

SCIT May Cut Long-Term Asthma Med Use in Pediatric Allergic Asthma

In children with allergic asthma, SCIT may reduce long-term asthma medication use.

Smartinhaler Sensor for Symbicort Will Be Available Over-the-Counter

Smartinhaler Sensor for Symbicort Will Be Available Over-the-Counter

The Smartinhaler sensor is a device installed onto a patient's inhaler to monitor and promote asthma and COPD medication adherence.

Asthma Exacerbation Risk Reduced With Inhaled Corticosteroids Plus LABAs or LAMAs

Asthma Exacerbation Risk Reduced With Inhaled Corticosteroids Plus LABAs or LAMAs

Long-acting muscarinic antagonists or long-acting β-agonists plus inhaled corticosteroids lowered the risk for asthma exacerbations vs adjuvant placebo.

Asthma Development in Early Childhood May Hinge on Early Life Stress

Asthma Development in Early Childhood May Hinge on Early Life Stress

Prenatal and early life stress, including societal stress, have been implicated in the development of asthma and other allergic diseases in children.

Increased inhaled glucocorticoids do not prevent asthma exacerbations in children: The STICS trial

In children aged 5 to 11 years with mild to moderate persistent asthma who were treated with daily inhaled glucocorticoids, quintupling the dose during the initial signs of worsening asthma control did not reduce the rate of severe exacerbations.

Specific COPD Questionnaire Cutoff Threshold May Identify More Symptomatic Patients

Specific COPD Questionnaire Cutoff Threshold May Identify More Symptomatic Patients

The Clinical COPD Questionnaire cutoff point of 1.4 demonstrated a better agreement with other COPD measures in patients with more symptomatic disease.

Emphysema Threshold on CT Imaging May Have Predictive Value for COPD

Emphysema Threshold on CT Imaging May Have Predictive Value for COPD

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with 5% emphysema based on thoracic computed tomography (CT) imaging may be at a greater risk for poor outcomes.

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With or Without Asthma

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With or Without Asthma

Current tobacco smoke exposure is not associated with airflow obstruction in school-aged children, but prenatal smoking is associated with airflow obstruction in children with asthma.

Severe Asthmatic Cough May Be Improved With Bronchial Thermoplasty

Severe Asthmatic Cough May Be Improved With Bronchial Thermoplasty

Bronchial thermoplasty can treat severe asthmatic cough that is unresponsive to conventional therapies.

Cystic Fibrosis-Related Pathogen Risk With Chronic Azithromycin Use

Cystic Fibrosis-Related Pathogen Risk With Chronic Azithromycin Use

Patients with cystic fibrosis who took azithromycin had a significantly lower risk for detection of new nontuberculous mycobacteria, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and Burkholderia cepacia complex.

COPD Combination Therapy May Improve Lung Hyperinflation

COPD Combination Therapy May Improve Lung Hyperinflation

Combination treatment with indacaterol-glycopyrronium may improve cardiac function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Glucocorticoids Do Not Increase Fracture Risk in COPD

Glucocorticoids Do Not Increase Fracture Risk in COPD

Intermittent use of high-dose glucocorticoids did not increase the risk for fracture in patients with COPD.

Lung Cancer Risk May Be Predicted by Frequency of COPD Exacerbations

Lung Cancer Risk May Be Predicted by Frequency of COPD Exacerbations

Independent predictive factors of lung cancer in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease may include frequency of exacerbations, in addition to airflow obstruction and visual emphysema.

Asthma Symptoms, Risks, and Comorbidities According to Smoking Status

Asthma Symptoms, Risks, and Comorbidities According to Smoking Status

Smokers and nonsmokers had similar symptoms and risk factors present for asthma, but differed in comorbidities.

COPD, Respiratory Symptoms Associated With "Western" Diet

COPD, Respiratory Symptoms Associated With "Western" Diet

Researchers used data from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study to assess associations between dietary pattern and pulmonary assessments.

Severe COPD Exacerbations, Hospitalizations Reduced With Azithromycin

Severe COPD Exacerbations, Hospitalizations Reduced With Azithromycin

Long-term continuous cyclic azithromycin therapy for severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was associated with reductions in exacerbations and hospitalizations.

Effect of Allergen Exposure Reduction Efforts on Asthma Outcomes

Effect of Allergen Exposure Reduction Efforts on Asthma Outcomes

According to a systematic literature review, there was inconclusive evidence that single indoor allergen interventions were effective at improving asthma outcomes.

Asthma Medications May Negatively Affect Fertility in Women

Asthma Medications May Negatively Affect Fertility in Women

Short-acting beta-agonists for asthma management may reduce fertility rates in women with asthma.

Meeting Patients' Expectations for Asthma, Allergy Testing Improves Satisfaction

Meeting Patients' Expectations for Asthma, Allergy Testing Improves Satisfaction

When patients visiting an allergy/immunology outpatient clinic had expectations met regarding diagnosis and testing, they were more likely to be satisfied with their visit.

Asthma in Primary Care: Spirometry Underused in Diagnosis

Asthma in Primary Care: Spirometry Underused in Diagnosis

Spirometry may be underused for the diagnosis and monitoring of asthma in the primary care setting.

Biomarkers May Identify Patients at Increased Risk for Severe Asthma Exacerbations

Biomarkers May Identify Patients at Increased Risk for Severe Asthma Exacerbations

Fractional exhaled nitric oxide, periostin, and eosinophils may help identify patients at increased risk for severe asthma exacerbations, according to a post hoc analysis of a phase 2b trial on dupilumab.

Early-Onset Eczema May Increase Risk for Childhood Asthma

Early-Onset Eczema May Increase Risk for Childhood Asthma

Children diagnosed with eczema before the age of 2 years may be at increased risk for early-onset asthma.

Choosing the Right Antibiotic in Cystic Fibrosis Using the Sputum Microbiome

Choosing the Right Antibiotic in Cystic Fibrosis Using the Sputum Microbiome

Sputum cultures could aid clinicians in choosing an appropriate antibiotic for patients with cystic fibrosis and avoiding allergies and antibiotic resistance.

Chronic Oral Glucocorticoid Use in Pediatric Asthma May Increase Morbidities

Chronic Oral Glucocorticoid Use in Pediatric Asthma May Increase Morbidities

Children with asthma who experience chronic oral glucocorticoid exposure may have significant morbidities, including adrenal suppression, recurrent pneumonia, and behavioral problems.

Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis Prevalence With Long-Term Opioid Use

Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis Prevalence With Long-Term Opioid Use

Patients with opioid dependence or abuse may exhibit a higher prevalence of asthma compared with the general population.

Clinical Benefits of Adding Tiotropium to Asthma Maintenance Therapy

Clinical Benefits of Adding Tiotropium to Asthma Maintenance Therapy

Tiotropium, when added to standard asthma maintenance therapy, improves lung function in adult patients with symptomatic asthma regardless of GINA asthma severity.

Inhaler Use in Asthma and COPD: Patient Characteristics Compared

Inhaler Use in Asthma and COPD: Patient Characteristics Compared

Researchers examined real-world characteristics of patients receiving albuterol multidose dry powder inhaler or short-acting β2 agonists with short-acting β2 agonists for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Episodic Inhaled Treatment Effective in Children With Recurrent Wheezing, Persistent Asthma

Episodic Inhaled Treatment Effective in Children With Recurrent Wheezing, Persistent Asthma

Episodically treating children with recurrent wheezing with inhaled combined salmeterol/fluticasone propionate may be as effective as a daily inhaled fluticasone propionate regimen.

Mepolizumab Effective in Asthma After Failed Response to Omalizumab

Mepolizumab Effective in Asthma After Failed Response to Omalizumab

Mepolizumab may be effective in patients with asthma that does not respond to omalizumab.

Intravenous Reslizumab Beneficial in Patients With Severe Eosinophilic Asthma

Intravenous Reslizumab Beneficial in Patients With Severe Eosinophilic Asthma

Researchers investigated whether intravenous reslizumab, a humanized anti-interleukin-5 monoclonal antibody, could aid in the management of asthma and eosinophilia.

Exhalation Delivery System With Fluticasone Greatly Improves Health in Chronic Rhinosinusitis

Exhalation Delivery System With Fluticasone Greatly Improves Health in Chronic Rhinosinusitis

Researchers assessed pooled randomized clinical trial data (NAVIGATE I and II; N5641) to examine the change in SF-36v2 and SF-6D from baseline to the end of double blind and to the end of the studies.

Dupilumab Treatment in Moderate to Severe Atopic Dermatitis

Dupilumab Treatment in Moderate to Severe Atopic Dermatitis

Researchers assessed whether the administration of dupilumab improves signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis in patients with or without comorbid asthma.

Effect of Probiotics, Prebiotics on Influenza Seroconversion Rates After Vaccination

Effect of Probiotics, Prebiotics on Influenza Seroconversion Rates After Vaccination

A meta-analysis sought to determine whether prebiotics and probiotics improved the immunogenicity of the flu vaccine in adults.

Older Sibling With Asthma Associated With Risk for Asthma Diagnosis

Older Sibling With Asthma Associated With Risk for Asthma Diagnosis

Children who had both parental and sibling asthma in their families had an increased risk for asthma.

Exacerbations Reduced With Reslizumab in Uncontrolled Eosinophilic Asthma

Exacerbations Reduced With Reslizumab in Uncontrolled Eosinophilic Asthma

Reslizumab reduced the risk for exacerbations and improved lung function in patients with severe eosinophilic asthma.

Risk of Developing Asthma in Children With Parental, Sibling Diagnosis

Risk of Developing Asthma in Children With Parental, Sibling Diagnosis

Children who had both parental and sibling asthma in their families had an increased risk for asthma.

Safety, Efficacy of Quintupled Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose for Asthma Exacerbation Management

Safety, Efficacy of Quintupled Inhaled Glucocorticoid Dose for Asthma Exacerbation Management

Children with mild to moderate persistent asthma were not more effectively treated with a quintupled dose of inhaled glucocorticoids.

Allergic Disease Risk in Children May Increase With Antibiotic Exposure

Allergic Disease Risk in Children May Increase With Antibiotic Exposure

Children who are exposed to antibiotics earlier in life may have an increased risk for allergic diseases, including asthma, atopic dermatitis, and allergic rhinitis.

Uncontrolled Asthma Improved With Tezepelumab

Uncontrolled Asthma Improved With Tezepelumab

Tezepelumab improved asthma control in patients with severe or uncontrolled asthma.

Benralizumab Effective for Uncontrolled Eosinophilic Asthma and Nasal Polyps

Benralizumab Effective for Uncontrolled Eosinophilic Asthma and Nasal Polyps

A post-hoc pooled analysis of phase 3 SIROCCO and CALIMA trials demonstrated benralizumab to be effective in the treatment of individuals with severe, uncontrolled eosinophilic asthma and nasal polyps.

Allergic Response in Patients With Chronic Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyposis

Allergic Response in Patients With Chronic Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyposis

Researchers assessed the use of dupilumab in adults with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps who did not respond to treatment with intranasal corticosteroids.

Intranasal Corticosteroid Treatment Confirmed for Nasal Congestion With Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

Intranasal Corticosteroid Treatment Confirmed for Nasal Congestion With Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis

Intranasal corticosteroids are the current guideline-preferred treatment recommendation for nasal congestion.

Sex-Based Young Adult Asthma Risks Associated With Acetaminophen Use

Sex-Based Young Adult Asthma Risks Associated With Acetaminophen Use

Data from the Isle of Wight birth cohort study and the Kuwait University Allergy cross-sectional study were used to assess self-reported acetaminophen use and asthma diagnosis.

Race-Dependent Protective Effect of Maternal Vitamin D on Childhood Asthma

Race-Dependent Protective Effect of Maternal Vitamin D on Childhood Asthma

A cohort from the CANDLE study was assessed to determine if race plays a role in the protective effect of maternal vitamin D levels on childhood asthma.

COPD Prevalence, Hospitalizations, and Deaths in Rural Areas

COPD Prevalence, Hospitalizations, and Deaths in Rural Areas

Rural areas have a significantly higher prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Safety and Adverse Events Associated With Inhaled Corticosteroids for Asthma

Safety and Adverse Events Associated With Inhaled Corticosteroids for Asthma

Researchers performed a literature review and summarized the evidence regarding adverse events associated with the use of inhaled corticosteroids in individuals with asthma.

Staphylococcus aureus in Patients Diagnosed With Bronchiectasis Without Cystic Fibrosis

Staphylococcus aureus in Patients Diagnosed With Bronchiectasis Without Cystic Fibrosis

In an attempt to determine if the presence of S aureus could be used as a marker for more severe disease, investigators assessed the relationship between S aureus-positive bronchiectasis infection and pulmonary function, frequency of exacerbations, and hospital admissions.

Extrafine Inhaled Triple Therapy vs Dual Bronchodilator Therapy for COPD

Extrafine Inhaled Triple Therapy vs Dual Bronchodilator Therapy for COPD

The TRIBUTE study was the first long-term trial that specifically compared the effects of the extrafine inhaled corticosteroid-containing triple therapy regimen of beclomethasone dipropionate, formoterol fumarate, and glycopyrronium with the dual bronchodilator combination of indacaterol plus glycopyrronium for COPD.

Concomitant Use of Beta-Blockers, Beta-Agonists in COPD With CV Risk

Concomitant Use of Beta-Blockers, Beta-Agonists in COPD With CV Risk

Patients with COPD and heightened cardiovascular risk received respiratory benefits from long-acting beta-agonist therapy without increasing their cardiovascular risk, regardless of beta-blocker therapy.

AAAAI/WAO Joint Congress 2018: What to Expect

AAAAI/WAO Joint Congress 2018: What to Expect

A first look at what will be presented at the 2018 Joint Congress of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology and the World Allergy Organization.

Proinflammatory Diet Has Adverse Effects on Atopic Wheeze

Proinflammatory Diet Has Adverse Effects on Atopic Wheeze

The dietary inflammatory index was used to examine the risk for current wheeze with a proinflammatory diet in adults and children.

Does Breastfeeding Modify Risk of Developing Childhood Asthma?

Does Breastfeeding Modify Risk of Developing Childhood Asthma?

Researchers evaluated whether duration of breastfeeding was associated with a modified risk for asthma development in children.

Asthma Guideline Adherence: Improvement Needed in Both Specialists, PCPs

Asthma Guideline Adherence: Improvement Needed in Both Specialists, PCPs

Although adherence to asthma guidelines tended to be higher in specialists, both specialists and primary care physicians had low adherence to specific core recommendations.

Percentage of Children With Asthma and Asthma Attacks Decline Between 2001 and 2016

Percentage of Children With Asthma and Asthma Attacks Decline Between 2001 and 2016

While there is currently no cure for asthma, treatments are effective at providing symptom relief.

Long-Term Inhaled Corticosteroid Use in COPD May Increase Fracture Risk

Long-Term Inhaled Corticosteroid Use in COPD May Increase Fracture Risk

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease had a modest increased risk for hip and upper extremity fractures when taking long-term, high-dose inhaled corticosteroids.

COPD-Related Lung Transplantation: How Can We Improve Survival Rates?

COPD-Related Lung Transplantation: How Can We Improve Survival Rates?

Lung transplantation can improve survival in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but several variables can affect the surgery's success.

FDA Approves New CFTR Modulator Therapy for Cystic Fibrosis

FDA Approves New CFTR Modulator Therapy for Cystic Fibrosis

A new cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator modulator treatment has been approved by the FDA for use in patients aged 12 years and older.

Maternal, Early Childhood Consumption of Sugary Drinks Linked to Asthma

Maternal, Early Childhood Consumption of Sugary Drinks Linked to Asthma

Maternal prenatal and early childhood intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and fructose is associated with current asthma in midchildhood.

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Recommends CFTR Modulator Therapy in Select Patients

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Recommends CFTR Modulator Therapy in Select Patients

CFTR modulator therapy recommended in certain patients with cystic fibrosis.

Palliative Care for COPD: Physicians' Views and Treatment Patterns

Palliative Care for COPD: Physicians' Views and Treatment Patterns

Researchers conducted an anonymous survey of medical trainees with a case vignette to determine attitudes regarding palliative care for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Antibiotics for Acute Exacerbations in COPD: Comparison of Effectiveness and Tolerability

Antibiotics for Acute Exacerbations in COPD: Comparison of Effectiveness and Tolerability

Researchers compared the clinical cure and adverse effect rates of multiple antibiotics in the treatment of acute exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Blood Biomarkers Add Value to COPD Mortality Predictive Model

Blood Biomarkers Add Value to COPD Mortality Predictive Model

High levels of C-reactive protein and neutrophils as well as low eosinophil count predicted a poor prognosis in COPD.

Respiratory Symptoms in Young Adults: Prognostic Value for Later Lung Function?

Respiratory Symptoms in Young Adults: Prognostic Value for Later Lung Function?

Respiratory symptoms that develop between the ages of 18 and 30 may hold prognostic value for later decline in lung function.

Guiding COPD Management Using Airway Branch Variation

Guiding COPD Management Using Airway Branch Variation

Researchers examined variation in airway branches to determine whether they have an effect on the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

COPD Exercise Capacity With Long-Acting Bronchodilators

COPD Exercise Capacity With Long-Acting Bronchodilators

Patients with COPD experienced a weighted mean increase in exercise endurance time following treatment with long-acting bronchodilators.

Oral Prednisolone for the Management of Pediatric Wheezing

Oral Prednisolone for the Management of Pediatric Wheezing

Children who received oral prednisolone vs placebo for virus-associated wheeze had a shorter length of hospital stay.

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