Zephyr® Endobronchial Valve EBV® treatment improved FEV1 in patients with heterogeneous emphysema.
The inclusion of residual volume-to-total lung capacity ratio may add another dimension to COPD not routinely captured by standard airflow indices that could be predictive of lower maximum exercise capacity.
A direct de-escalation from triple therapy to indacaterol/glycopyrronium is not recommended over triple therapy in COPD with infrequent exacerbations.
Ivacaftor decreased the risk for death, transplantation, hospitalization, and pulmonary exacerbation in patients with cystic fibrosis.
Women with a diagnosis of asthma may have a higher risk for preterm birth, and their infants may have an increased risk for perinatal mortality, low birth weight, fetal growth restriction, and asphyxia.
In patients with aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease, treatment with omalizumab resulted in "clinically silent" aspirin desensitization.
Budesonide-formoterol as needed was not inferior compared with budesonide maintenance therapy in terms of severe asthma exacerbation rates, but may be inferior for controlling symptoms.
E-cigarettes are the most commonly used product in middle and high school students with or without asthma.
There was a 60% lower rate of severe asthma exacerbations in individuals treated with budesonide-formoterol compared with individuals treated with terbutaline as needed.
Although clinical presentation was similar in both community-acquired pneumonia and non-pneumonia exacerbations, CRP, glucose, and leukocytes were higher in the former vs the latter.
A definition of a pulmonary vascular phenotype of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has been proposed.
Chemicals linked with endocrine disruption and asthma identified in hair products used by black women and children.
Researchers evaluated barrier dysfunction by exposing viral models to budesonide, montelukast, formoterol, or a combination.
Inhaled interferon-beta 1 a did not significantly reduce acute asthma exacerbations during respiratory viral infections.
Using e-cigarettes every day or some days increased the likelihood of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Longer stay and higher costs were associated with antibiotic administration in adults hospitalized for an asthma exacerbation without documented evidence of a lung infection.
In this study, researchers examined the appropriateness of diagnosis and treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in individuals with and without HIV.
Inhaled corticosteroids for asthma dosed once daily in the evening appeared to offer some benefit in trough FEV1 and morning peak expiratory flow.
Investigators conducted a prospective survey to examine the association between asthma symptom severity and symptoms of depression and anxiety.
Overweight or obese children are more likely to develop new onset asthma compared with normal weight controls.