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The Connection Between Cardiovascular Disease and Sleep Apnea: An Expert Interview

The Connection Between Cardiovascular Disease and Sleep Apnea: An Expert Interview

To examine the link between cardiovascular disease and sleep apnea, The Cardiology Advisor spoke with cardiologist Seth S. Martin, MD, MHS, FACC, FAHA and sleep specialist Rachel Marie E. Salas, MD, FAAN.

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Pediatric OSA Associated With Abnormal Metabolic Profile

Pediatric OSA Associated With Abnormal Metabolic Profile

Obese pediatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea were more likely to have abnormal metabolic profiles, including high triglyceride and alanine transaminase levels, compared with obese children without obstructive sleep apnea.

Sleep Disturbances in COPD Linked to Airway Constriction Heterogeneity

Sleep Disturbances in COPD Linked to Airway Constriction Heterogeneity

Sleep disturbances caused by the symptoms of COPD are associated with airway constriction heterogeneity, which could be reflective of peripheral airway dysfunction.

CPAP for OSA Does Not Improve Diabetic Macular Edema or Visual Acuity

CPAP for OSA Does Not Improve Diabetic Macular Edema or Visual Acuity

Continuous positive airway pressure for obstructive sleep apnea in patients with type 2 diabetes offered no improvement in visual acuity compared with usual care alone.

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Severity Linked to Melanoma Aggressiveness

Sleep-Disordered Breathing Severity Linked to Melanoma Aggressiveness

Sleep-disordered breathing severity has been independently associated with increased aggressiveness of cutaneous melanoma.

Upper Airway Narrowing of Retropalatal Region Significant in Obesity With OSA

Upper Airway Narrowing of Retropalatal Region Significant in Obesity With OSA

Obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea have a significantly narrower upper airway, specifically of the retropalatal region, compared with obese individuals without obstructive sleep apnea.

Blood Pressure Reduced With Supplemental Oxygen in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Blood Pressure Reduced With Supplemental Oxygen in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Supplemental oxygen reduced morning systolic blood pressure by -6.6 mm Hg in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

Nasal Microbiota Changes Linked to Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Inflammation

Nasal Microbiota Changes Linked to Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Inflammation

Obstructive sleep apnea was associated with differences in the diversity and composition of the nasal microbiome.

Atrial Fibrillation Development Predicted by Sleep Disruption

Atrial Fibrillation Development Predicted by Sleep Disruption

Individuals with more frequent nighttime awakening exhibited a higher risk for atrial fibrillation.

Body Muscle-to-Fat Ratio as a Sleep Apnea Screening Tool in Type 2 Diabetes

Body Muscle-to-Fat Ratio as a Sleep Apnea Screening Tool in Type 2 Diabetes

Body composition measures were examined as a screening tool to detect obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in patients with T2D.

STOP-Bang, Pulse Oximetry Effective Screening Tools for Sleep Apnea

STOP-Bang, Pulse Oximetry Effective Screening Tools for Sleep Apnea

The threshold STOP-Bang score for moderate to severe sleep apnea was 6 (which correlated with apnea-hypopnea index of ≥15) and this score had a sensitivity of 63% and a specificity of 69%.

Portable Monitoring Accurate for Sleep Apnea Diagnosis in Heart Failure

Portable Monitoring Accurate for Sleep Apnea Diagnosis in Heart Failure

Respiratory polygraphy can accurately diagnose sleep apnea in patients hospitalized with heart failure.

Heart Failure Risk Increased When Sleep Apnea Not Managed With CPAP

Heart Failure Risk Increased When Sleep Apnea Not Managed With CPAP

When sleep apnea was not managed with continuous positive airway pressure, the risk for heart failure increased, regardless of age.

Sleep Apnea Linked to Changes in the Brain in Older Adults

Sleep Apnea Linked to Changes in the Brain in Older Adults

Disturbed sleep was linked to increased thickness in right postcentral gyrus, pericalcarine, and pars opercularis.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Asthma: Gaining Control by Losing Weight

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Asthma: Gaining Control by Losing Weight

Poor control of asthma and obstructive sleep apnea can feed off one another, according to Michelle Zeidler, MD, pulmonologist at the University of California, Los Angeles, and director of the UCLA Sleep Fellowship Program.

CTEPH Increases Risk for Sleep Disordered Breathing

CTEPH Increases Risk for Sleep Disordered Breathing

Precapillary pulmonary hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea may be causative factors for central sleep apnea and pulmonary hypertension, respectively.

Automated Screening Systems for Pediatric OSA

Automated Screening Systems for Pediatric OSA

The aim of this study was to describe an automated OSA screening and report the prevalence of children with snoring plus one additional OSA symptom.

Ability of Clinical Scores to Detect Severe Hypoxemic Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Ability of Clinical Scores to Detect Severe Hypoxemic Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Of the 4 clinical scores used to predict the occurrence of hypoxemic episodes in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea, DES-OSA appears to be the most effective.

Sleep Apnea Prediction Model Developed for African American Patients

Sleep Apnea Prediction Model Developed for African American Patients

Researchers developed a prediction model for sleep apnea in African American patients, who have a high prevalence of sleep apnea that is often undiagnosed.

Effect of CPAP on Periodic Limb Movements of Sleep in OSA

Effect of CPAP on Periodic Limb Movements of Sleep in OSA

Researchers assessed whether continuous positive airway pressure affected the frequency of periodic leg movements during sleep.

CPAP Use May Improve Sexual QOL in Sleep Apnea

CPAP Use May Improve Sexual QOL in Sleep Apnea

Findings were based on one year of follow-up for patients newly diagnosed with sleep apnea.

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