To examine the link between cardiovascular disease and sleep apnea, The Cardiology Advisor spoke with cardiologist Seth S. Martin, MD, MHS, FACC, FAHA and sleep specialist Rachel Marie E. Salas, MD, FAAN.
Obese pediatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea were more likely to have abnormal metabolic profiles, including high triglyceride and alanine transaminase levels, compared with obese children without obstructive sleep apnea.
Sleep disturbances caused by the symptoms of COPD are associated with airway constriction heterogeneity, which could be reflective of peripheral airway dysfunction.
Continuous positive airway pressure for obstructive sleep apnea in patients with type 2 diabetes offered no improvement in visual acuity compared with usual care alone.
Sleep-disordered breathing severity has been independently associated with increased aggressiveness of cutaneous melanoma.
Obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea have a significantly narrower upper airway, specifically of the retropalatal region, compared with obese individuals without obstructive sleep apnea.
Supplemental oxygen reduced morning systolic blood pressure by -6.6 mm Hg in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
Obstructive sleep apnea was associated with differences in the diversity and composition of the nasal microbiome.
Individuals with more frequent nighttime awakening exhibited a higher risk for atrial fibrillation.
Body composition measures were examined as a screening tool to detect obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in patients with T2D.
The threshold STOP-Bang score for moderate to severe sleep apnea was 6 (which correlated with apnea-hypopnea index of ≥15) and this score had a sensitivity of 63% and a specificity of 69%.
Respiratory polygraphy can accurately diagnose sleep apnea in patients hospitalized with heart failure.
When sleep apnea was not managed with continuous positive airway pressure, the risk for heart failure increased, regardless of age.
Disturbed sleep was linked to increased thickness in right postcentral gyrus, pericalcarine, and pars opercularis.
Poor control of asthma and obstructive sleep apnea can feed off one another, according to Michelle Zeidler, MD, pulmonologist at the University of California, Los Angeles, and director of the UCLA Sleep Fellowship Program.
Precapillary pulmonary hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea may be causative factors for central sleep apnea and pulmonary hypertension, respectively.
The aim of this study was to describe an automated OSA screening and report the prevalence of children with snoring plus one additional OSA symptom.
Of the 4 clinical scores used to predict the occurrence of hypoxemic episodes in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea, DES-OSA appears to be the most effective.
Researchers developed a prediction model for sleep apnea in African American patients, who have a high prevalence of sleep apnea that is often undiagnosed.
Researchers assessed whether continuous positive airway pressure affected the frequency of periodic leg movements during sleep.
Findings were based on one year of follow-up for patients newly diagnosed with sleep apnea.