Maternal prenatal and early childhood intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and fructose is associated with current asthma in midchildhood.
Off-label use of inhaled nitric oxide is not associated with reduced mortality in neonates born at 22 to 29 weeks'gestation with RDS.
Nasopharyngeal samples collected from young children with acute otitis media were analyzed for S pneumoniae, H influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis and compared before and after PCV13 introduction.
Children who received oral prednisolone vs placebo for virus-associated wheeze had a shorter length of hospital stay.
Researchers found that tiotropium was safe and may reduce the risk for exacerbations in young children with asthma.
Nasopharyngeal detection and increased abundance of Lactobacillus during acute respiratory infection with respiratory syncytial virus was associated with a lower risk for childhood wheezing illnesses.
Timing of birth may increase risk for asthma or atopic dermatitis.
Budesonide may lower the rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants.
Short-term incidence of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer may be higher in children who were hospitalized with pneumonia.
Children with allergic asthma do not significantly benefit from subcutaneous or sublingual immunotherapy.
Nebulized hypertonic saline may decrease length of hospital stay and improve clinical severity scores in infants with acute bronchiolitis.
A school-based telemedicine program with directly observed preventive therapy, when compared to enhanced usual care, led to more symptom-free days and fewer emergency department visits or hospitalizations.
Respiratory viruses were identified in 55% of febrile infants; those older than 28 days had a lower risk of bacterial infection when they tested positive for a respiratory virus.
Analyzing volatile organic compounds in pediatric patients with asthma shows promise for disease diagnosis and management.
For febrile infants, human rhinovirus is common, and detection does not alter risk of concomitant urinary tract infection or invasive bacterial infection.
Researchers found that acid-suppressive drug use in pregnancy was associated with an increased risk for asthma in childhood.
Non-cigarette tobacco use is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking among US adolescents.
Women who were exposed prenatally to polychlorinated biphenyls may have an increased risk of having children with asthma, hay fever, or eczema.
Obesity is associated with more asthma symptom days in children not treated with a daily controller and inhaled corticosteroids.
Broad-spectrum antibiotics are not associated with better clinical or patient-centered outcomes in children with acute respiratory tract infections.
While a previous diagnosis of asthma may increase the risk for type 1 diabetes in children, the converse does not appear to be true.
Children with asthma exacerbations may be treated with 2 doses of dexamethasone instead of with prednisolone/prednisone.
Prospective validation research is needed before these clinical predictors of pediatric PE can become guidelines.
Investigators sought to determine the association between food allergies and the development of asthma.
Chest radiography, a procedure often performed in the emergency department, infrequently changes medical management of children with acute asthma exacerbations.
Atopic dermatitis without concomitant allergic sensitization in children is not associated an increased risk for asthma.
Select pediatric patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension may benefit from treatment with riociguat.
No single finding appears to reliably predict a pneumonia diagnosis in pediatric patients younger than 5 years of age.
Higher sevoflurane concentrations in the anesthesiologist's breathing zone is tied to negative behavior in children having elective ear, nose & throat surgery.
The use of evidence-based supportive therapies varies by hospital site for infants with bronchiolitis,