School-based, self-managed asthma interventions appear to reduce hospital admissions, the number of days children experience asthma symptoms, and emergency department visits.
Neutrophilic inflammation in bronchoalveolar lavage from children with protracted bacterial bronchitis is associated with bacterial biomass but unrelated to alpha diversity.
Preterm infants who need mechanical ventilation at day 7 and early echocardiographic evidence of pulmonary vascular disease are strong risk factors for late respiratory disease.
Pediatric histoplasmosis most frequently manifests as pulmonary disease, and the highest diagnostic yields were achieved when multiple diagnostic modalities were used.
Antibiotics were helpful in curing chronic wet cough in children.
In children who were symptomatic, small conducting airways ventilation inhomogeneity and alveolar nitric oxide concentration were both significantly associated with asthma exacerbations.
However, completing individual bundle elements in that timeframe does not reduce pediatric mortality.
Because determining an appropriate treatment plan for a patient depends on the subtype of the disease, it is imperative for providers to know and understand the underlying mechanisms of CRS as well as the components included in a medical evaluation of a patient.
Respiratory pathogens were associated with an increased risk for treatment failure in children with asthma exacerbations.
Adenoidectomy and tonsillectomy in children by age 9 were associated with higher long-term risks for respiratory, infectious, and allergic diseases.
Clinical worsening in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension may be predicted using right ventricular stroke work indexed by ejection fraction.
Vitamin D supplementation appears to reduce the recurrent wheezing by 12 months of age in black infants born prematurely.
Many parents feel additional food labeling, allergy education, and stocking of epinephrine are needed.
The advisory comes early as physicians are currently placing vaccine orders.
Nasal beclomethasone dipropionate was more effective in improving nasal patency and cytology as well as quality of life compared with cetirizine in children with perennial allergic rhinitis.
It may be more lung protective to use the lower of either measured or predicted body weight when targeting tidal volume for mechanically ventilated children.
Overall, there was a 1.61-fold increase in risk for elevated blood pressure in children with highest vs lowest tertile of PM2.5.
The study authors examined data obtained from the 2007-2008 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) to determine the prevalence, risk factors, as well as the severity of asthma phenotypes.
The study authors reported, "The most commonly reported problems by youth were: (a) hard to remember when to take the asthma medication (54%) and (b) hard to use asthma medication at school (34%)."
A randomized clinical trial evaluated whether premedication with propofol reduced the frequency of prolonged desaturation during neonatal nasotracheal intubation compared with the combination of a rapid-onset short-acting opioid and a muscle relaxant.
Lung ultrasound was more effective in diagnosing pediatric community-acquired pneumonia than chest radiography.
Infant pulmonary function testing detected 3 distinct phenotypes in severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
Physician asthma care education Plus training resulted in improvements in provider confidence, perceived skill in communicating cross culturally, and short-term asthma-specific outcomes.
The rate of liquid nicotine exposure in children younger than 6 years of age has declined since 2015, but it continues to pose a serious poisoning risk.
Children with status asthmaticus who received magnesium sulfate therapy were on continuous albuterol for a longer duration.
The supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) for the 0.1mg strength was granted Priority Review by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
In a wide ranging statement, the FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, specifically targets novel nicotine-delivery products as being problematic since many of these devices resemble USB flash drives, have high nicotine levels and have emissions that are hard to see.
Regardless of neonatal lung disease status, infants born before 29 weeks' gestation demonstrated abnormal pulmonary artery acceleration time at 1-year corrected age.
Early child care attendance increased the risk for wheeze in children ≤2 years of age but decreased the risk for asthma in children 3 to 5 years of age.
Children who were born preterm had an increased likelihood of developing impaired lung function compared with healthy term children.