Pediatrics

Maternal, Early Childhood Consumption of Sugary Drinks Linked to Asthma

Maternal, Early Childhood Consumption of Sugary Drinks Linked to Asthma

Maternal prenatal and early childhood intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and fructose is associated with current asthma in midchildhood.

Neonates With Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Does Inhaled Nitric Oxide Reduce Mortality?

Neonates With Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Does Inhaled Nitric Oxide Reduce Mortality?

Off-label use of inhaled nitric oxide is not associated with reduced mortality in neonates born at 22 to 29 weeks'gestation with RDS.

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

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Nasopharyngeal samples collected from young children with acute otitis media were analyzed for S pneumoniae, H influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis and compared before and after PCV13 introduction.

Oral  Prednisolone for the Management of Pediatric Wheezing

Oral Prednisolone for the Management of Pediatric Wheezing

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Children who received oral prednisolone vs placebo for virus-associated wheeze had a shorter length of hospital stay.

Asthma Exacerbations in Young Children Alleviated With Tiotropium

Asthma Exacerbations in Young Children Alleviated With Tiotropium

Researchers found that tiotropium was safe and may reduce the risk for exacerbations in young children with asthma.

Childhood Wheezing Illness Risk Modified by <i>Lactobacillus</i> Microbiome in RSV

Childhood Wheezing Illness Risk Modified by Lactobacillus Microbiome in RSV

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Nasopharyngeal detection and increased abundance of Lactobacillus during acute respiratory infection with respiratory syncytial virus was associated with a lower risk for childhood wheezing illnesses.

Asthma, Atopic Dermatitis Risk May Be Affected by Timing of Birth

Asthma, Atopic Dermatitis Risk May Be Affected by Timing of Birth

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Timing of birth may increase risk for asthma or atopic dermatitis.

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Prevention in Preterm Infants

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Prevention in Preterm Infants

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Budesonide may lower the rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants.

Pneumonia in Childhood Linked to Higher Short-Term Incidence of Some Cancers

Pneumonia in Childhood Linked to Higher Short-Term Incidence of Some Cancers

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Short-term incidence of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer may be higher in children who were hospitalized with pneumonia.

Evidence for Immunotherapy in Pediatric Asthma Lacking

Evidence for Immunotherapy in Pediatric Asthma Lacking

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Children with allergic asthma do not significantly benefit from subcutaneous or sublingual immunotherapy.

Nebulized Hypertonic Saline vs Normal Saline in Infants With Acute Bronchiolitis

Nebulized Hypertonic Saline vs Normal Saline in Infants With Acute Bronchiolitis

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Nebulized hypertonic saline may decrease length of hospital stay and improve clinical severity scores in infants with acute bronchiolitis.

School-based telemedicine enhances asthma management in children

A school-based telemedicine program with directly observed preventive therapy, when compared to enhanced usual care, led to more symptom-free days and fewer emergency department visits or hospitalizations.

Detection of respiratory viruses in febrile infants suggests lower risk of bacterial infection

Respiratory viruses were identified in 55% of febrile infants; those older than 28 days had a lower risk of bacterial infection when they tested positive for a respiratory virus.

Volatile Organic Compound Analysis in Pediatric Asthma: A New Clinical Tool

Volatile Organic Compound Analysis in Pediatric Asthma: A New Clinical Tool

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Analyzing volatile organic compounds in pediatric patients with asthma shows promise for disease diagnosis and management.

Human Rhinovirus Incidence in Infants With Fever

Human Rhinovirus Incidence in Infants With Fever

For febrile infants, human rhinovirus is common, and detection does not alter risk of concomitant urinary tract infection or invasive bacterial infection.

Childhood Asthma Risk May Increase With Prenatal Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors

Childhood Asthma Risk May Increase With Prenatal Use of Proton Pump Inhibitors

Researchers found that acid-suppressive drug use in pregnancy was associated with an increased risk for asthma in childhood.

Noncigarette Tobacco Products May Increase Teens' Risk of Smoking Cigarettes

Noncigarette Tobacco Products May Increase Teens' Risk of Smoking Cigarettes

Non-cigarette tobacco use is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking among US adolescents.

Asthma Risk Associated With Prenatal Exposure to Polychlorinated Biphenyls

Asthma Risk Associated With Prenatal Exposure to Polychlorinated Biphenyls

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Women who were exposed prenatally to polychlorinated biphenyls may have an increased risk of having children with asthma, hay fever, or eczema.

Effect of Obesity on Asthma in Children

Effect of Obesity on Asthma in Children

Obesity is associated with more asthma symptom days in children not treated with a daily controller and inhaled corticosteroids.

Acute Respiratory Tract Infections in Children: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

Acute Respiratory Tract Infections in Children: Broad- vs Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics

Broad-spectrum antibiotics are not associated with better clinical or patient-centered outcomes in children with acute respiratory tract infections.

Asthma May Increase Risk for Type 1 Diabetes in Children

Asthma May Increase Risk for Type 1 Diabetes in Children

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While a previous diagnosis of asthma may increase the risk for type 1 diabetes in children, the converse does not appear to be true.

Short-Duration Dexamethasone Effective for Pediatric Asthma Exacerbations

Short-Duration Dexamethasone Effective for Pediatric Asthma Exacerbations

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Children with asthma exacerbations may be treated with 2 doses of dexamethasone instead of with prednisolone/prednisone.

Pulmonary Emboli in Pediatric Patients: Clinical Predictors Identified

Pulmonary Emboli in Pediatric Patients: Clinical Predictors Identified

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Prospective validation research is needed before these clinical predictors of pediatric PE can become guidelines.

Food Allergies May Increase Risk for Asthma in Children

Food Allergies May Increase Risk for Asthma in Children

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Investigators sought to determine the association between food allergies and the development of asthma.

Pneumonia Found Infrequently on Chest X-Ray in Children With Acute Asthma Exacerbations

Pneumonia Found Infrequently on Chest X-Ray in Children With Acute Asthma Exacerbations

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Chest radiography, a procedure often performed in the emergency department, infrequently changes medical management of children with acute asthma exacerbations.

Asthma Risk Increased With Atopic Dermatitis Plus Allergic Sensitization

Asthma Risk Increased With Atopic Dermatitis Plus Allergic Sensitization

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Atopic dermatitis without concomitant allergic sensitization in children is not associated an increased risk for asthma.

Riociguat Studied in Pediatric Patient With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Riociguat Studied in Pediatric Patient With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

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Select pediatric patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension may benefit from treatment with riociguat.

Pneumonia in Pediatric Patients: Assessing Reliability of Signs and Symptoms

Pneumonia in Pediatric Patients: Assessing Reliability of Signs and Symptoms

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No single finding appears to reliably predict a pneumonia diagnosis in pediatric patients younger than 5 years of age.

Children's Behavior During Inhalation Induction May Affect Sevoflurane Concentrations

Children's Behavior During Inhalation Induction May Affect Sevoflurane Concentrations

Higher sevoflurane concentrations in the anesthesiologist's breathing zone is tied to negative behavior in children having elective ear, nose & throat surgery.

Bronchiolitis Treatment in Infants Varies by Hospital

Bronchiolitis Treatment in Infants Varies by Hospital

The use of evidence-based supportive therapies varies by hospital site for infants with bronchiolitis,

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