Researchers found the strongest link between prescription opioid use and the risk for invasive pneumococcal disease was present in individuals using formulations of opioids that were long-acting, highly potent, or used at a high dose.
Long-acting, high-potency, and high-dose opioids were associated with an increased risk for invasive pneumococcal disease.
Invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia appeared to increase their mortality risk.
Nasopharyngeal samples collected from young children with acute otitis media were analyzed for S pneumoniae, H influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis and compared before and after PCV13 introduction.
Patient, practice, and provider characteristics are associated with inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing in the outpatient setting.
The FDA approved the supplemental New Drug Application for Avycaz to treat adults with hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia.
The preoperative physiotherapy intervention cut the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications by 50%.
Procalcitonin may decrease mortality rates in patients with acute respiratory infections, including pneumonia.
Short-term incidence of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer may be higher in children who were hospitalized with pneumonia.
Mortality from severe pneumonia may be significantly reduced with corticosteroids.
Non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia is a significant burden in US acute care hospitals and poses a risk to nonelderly, non-intensive unit patients.
AuroMedics Pharma announced a voluntary recall of 1 lot of Linezolid injection after a batch found contained mold.
Researchers identified 4 specific symptoms that could be the basis for a pneumonia diagnosis.
Educational campaigns regarding the value of vaccines should integrate social psychological considerations with health communication principles.
The ability of machine learning programs to diagnose medical conditions and predict outcomes is discussed in an opinion article.
No single finding appears to reliably predict a pneumonia diagnosis in pediatric patients younger than 5 years of age.
The 2006 CHEST management algorithms for acute, subacute, and chronic cough appear to be useful in treating adults globally.
Prophylactic antibiotics administered to patients who were mechanically ventilated reduced the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia.
In contrast to previous study findings, inhaled corticosteroids do not appear to increase risk for pneumonia in patients with COPD with moderate airflow limitation.
Strictly following empirical antimicrobial treatment guidelines in patients with hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated pneumonia may result in overtreatment with antibiotics.