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Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Community-Acquired Pneumonia With or Without ARDS

Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Community-Acquired Pneumonia With or Without ARDS

The risk for death in patients with community-acquired pneumonia who were given mechanical ventilation does not seem to be affected by the presence of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

Researchers found increased myocardial infarction rates during the week after Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza infections.

Inflammatory Markers in CAP Influenced by Time From Symptom Onset to Presentation

Inflammatory Markers in CAP Influenced by Time From Symptom Onset to Presentation

Differences in serum inflammatory markers may exist between patients with community-acquired pneumonia who present within the first 48 hours of symptom onset vs those who present later.

No Benefit From Prophylactic Antimicrobials in Aspiration Pneumonitis

No Benefit From Prophylactic Antimicrobials in Aspiration Pneumonitis

Use of prophylactic antimicrobial therapy was not associated with a reduction in mortality or transfer to critical care compared with patients managed with supportive care only.

Comparing Diagnostic Imaging for Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Comparing Diagnostic Imaging for Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Adults with community-acquired pneumonia that is visualized on CT scan but not on concurrent chest radiograph have similar pathogens, disease severity, and outcomes as patients who had pneumonia confirmed via chest radiograph.

Pneumonia-Induced Acute Lung Failure: Angiopoietin-2 Levels May Predict Severity

Pneumonia-Induced Acute Lung Failure: Angiopoietin-2 Levels May Predict Severity

Interventional reduction of the angiopoietin-1/angiopoietin-2 ratio may provide therapeutic perspective for prevention of acute lung injury in pneumonia.

Chronic Oral Glucocorticoid Use in Pediatric Asthma May Increase Morbidities

Chronic Oral Glucocorticoid Use in Pediatric Asthma May Increase Morbidities

Children with asthma who experience chronic oral glucocorticoid exposure may have significant morbidities, including adrenal suppression, recurrent pneumonia, and behavioral problems.

Predictive Model Identifies Risk Factors for Bacteremia in Pneumococcal Pneumonia

Predictive Model Identifies Risk Factors for Bacteremia in Pneumococcal Pneumonia

Researchers retrospectively analyzed data from patients hospitalized with pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia to determine risk factors for pneumococcal bacteremia.

An Inflammatory Response: Cardiovascular Complications of Pneumonia

An Inflammatory Response: Cardiovascular Complications of Pneumonia

As a result of activating the inflammatory-immune system, pneumonia may trigger cardiovascular complications.

Azithromycin Timing Not Associated With Childhood Mycoplasma Pneumonia Outcomes

Azithromycin Timing Not Associated With Childhood Mycoplasma Pneumonia Outcomes

Researchers assessed the timing of azithromycin administration for pediatric community-acquired pneumonia to determine its effectiveness in the setting of macrolide resistance.

Opioid use associated with increased risk of invasive pneumococcal disease

Researchers found the strongest link between prescription opioid use and the risk for invasive pneumococcal disease was present in individuals using long-acting, high-dose, or highly potent formulations.

Pneumococcal Disease Risk Linked to Opioid Use

Pneumococcal Disease Risk Linked to Opioid Use

Long-acting, high-potency, and high-dose opioids were associated with an increased risk for invasive pneumococcal disease.

Invasive Mechanical Ventilation in Severe CAP Increased Mortality Risk

Invasive Mechanical Ventilation in Severe CAP Increased Mortality Risk

Invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia appeared to increase their mortality risk.

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

Nasopharyngeal samples collected from young children with acute otitis media were analyzed for S pneumoniae, H influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis and compared before and after PCV13 introduction.

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Patient, practice, and provider characteristics are associated with inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing in the outpatient setting.

FDA Approves Avycaz Supplemental NDA for Pneumonia

FDA Approves Avycaz Supplemental NDA for Pneumonia

The FDA approved the supplemental New Drug Application for Avycaz to treat adults with hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia.

Reducing Postoperative Respiratory Complications Through Physiotherapy

Reducing Postoperative Respiratory Complications Through Physiotherapy

The preoperative physiotherapy intervention cut the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications by 50%.

Procalcitonin-Guided Pneumonia Treatment Associated With Improved Outcomes

Procalcitonin-Guided Pneumonia Treatment Associated With Improved Outcomes

Procalcitonin may decrease mortality rates in patients with acute respiratory infections, including pneumonia.

Pneumonia in Childhood Linked to Higher Short-Term Incidence of Some Cancers

Pneumonia in Childhood Linked to Higher Short-Term Incidence of Some Cancers

Short-term incidence of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer may be higher in children who were hospitalized with pneumonia.

Effect of Corticosteroids on Pneumonia-Related Mortality

Effect of Corticosteroids on Pneumonia-Related Mortality

Mortality from severe pneumonia may be significantly reduced with corticosteroids.

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