Pneumonia

Prior Atypical Antipsychotic Use May Increase Mortality Risk in Pneumonia

Prior Atypical Antipsychotic Use May Increase Mortality Risk in Pneumonia

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Clinicians should consider these findings when using atypical antipsychotics in patients at risk for pneumonia.

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Prevalence in an Insured US Population

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Prevalence in an Insured US Population

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Researchers have developed a novel algorithm to identify hypersensitivity pneumonitis.

Pediatric Pneumonia: Sensitivity of Lung Ultrasound vs Chest Radiography

Pediatric Pneumonia: Sensitivity of Lung Ultrasound vs Chest Radiography

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Lung ultrasound was more effective in diagnosing pediatric community-acquired pneumonia than chest radiography.

<i>Legionella</i> Pneumonia Outcomes Similar in Adults With/Without HIV

Legionella Pneumonia Outcomes Similar in Adults With/Without HIV

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Clinical presentation and outcomes in HIV-infected patients with Legionella pneumonia did not differ from patients without HIV infection.

Low-Dose CT May Modify Pneumonia Diagnosis in Elderly Patients

Low-Dose CT May Modify Pneumonia Diagnosis in Elderly Patients

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Low-dose computed tomography may assist clinicians in modifying diagnosis of elderly patients who are admitted with suspected pneumonia.

Pneumonia Risk in Severe COPD Linked to Elevated Eosinophil Count

Pneumonia Risk in Severe COPD Linked to Elevated Eosinophil Count

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A higher proportion of patients with COPD and a blood eosinophil count of ≥0.34×109/L had elevated markers of low-grade systemic inflammation regardless of forced expiratory volume in 1 second.

Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Community-Acquired Pneumonia With or Without ARDS

Mortality in Mechanically Ventilated Community-Acquired Pneumonia With or Without ARDS

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The risk for death in patients with community-acquired pneumonia who were given mechanical ventilation does not seem to be affected by the presence of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

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Researchers found increased myocardial infarction rates during the week after Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza infections.

Inflammatory Markers in CAP Influenced by Time From Symptom Onset to Presentation

Inflammatory Markers in CAP Influenced by Time From Symptom Onset to Presentation

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Differences in serum inflammatory markers may exist between patients with community-acquired pneumonia who present within the first 48 hours of symptom onset vs those who present later.

No Benefit From Prophylactic Antimicrobials in Aspiration Pneumonitis

No Benefit From Prophylactic Antimicrobials in Aspiration Pneumonitis

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Use of prophylactic antimicrobial therapy was not associated with a reduction in mortality or transfer to critical care compared with patients managed with supportive care only.

Comparing Diagnostic Imaging for Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Comparing Diagnostic Imaging for Community-Acquired Pneumonia

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Adults with community-acquired pneumonia that is visualized on CT scan but not on concurrent chest radiograph have similar pathogens, disease severity, and outcomes as patients who had pneumonia confirmed via chest radiograph.

Pneumonia-Induced Acute Lung Failure: Angiopoietin-2 Levels May Predict Severity

Pneumonia-Induced Acute Lung Failure: Angiopoietin-2 Levels May Predict Severity

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Interventional reduction of the angiopoietin-1/angiopoietin-2 ratio may provide therapeutic perspective for prevention of acute lung injury in pneumonia.

Chronic Oral Glucocorticoid Use in Pediatric Asthma May Increase Morbidities

Chronic Oral Glucocorticoid Use in Pediatric Asthma May Increase Morbidities

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Children with asthma who experience chronic oral glucocorticoid exposure may have significant morbidities, including adrenal suppression, recurrent pneumonia, and behavioral problems.

Predictive Model Identifies Risk Factors for Bacteremia in Pneumococcal Pneumonia

Predictive Model Identifies Risk Factors for Bacteremia in Pneumococcal Pneumonia

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Researchers retrospectively analyzed data from patients hospitalized with pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia to determine risk factors for pneumococcal bacteremia.

An Inflammatory Response: Cardiovascular Complications of Pneumonia

An Inflammatory Response: Cardiovascular Complications of Pneumonia

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As a result of activating the inflammatory-immune system, pneumonia may trigger cardiovascular complications.

Opioid use associated with increased risk of invasive pneumococcal disease

Researchers found the strongest link between prescription opioid use and the risk for invasive pneumococcal disease was present in individuals using long-acting, high-dose, or highly potent formulations.

Pneumococcal Disease Risk Linked to Opioid Use

Pneumococcal Disease Risk Linked to Opioid Use

Long-acting, high-potency, and high-dose opioids were associated with an increased risk for invasive pneumococcal disease.

Invasive Mechanical Ventilation in Severe CAP Increased Mortality Risk

Invasive Mechanical Ventilation in Severe CAP Increased Mortality Risk

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Invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia appeared to increase their mortality risk.

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

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Nasopharyngeal samples collected from young children with acute otitis media were analyzed for S pneumoniae, H influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis and compared before and after PCV13 introduction.

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Patient, practice, and provider characteristics are associated with inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing in the outpatient setting.

FDA Approves Avycaz Supplemental NDA for Pneumonia

FDA Approves Avycaz Supplemental NDA for Pneumonia

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The FDA approved the supplemental New Drug Application for Avycaz to treat adults with hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia.

Reducing Postoperative Respiratory Complications Through Physiotherapy

Reducing Postoperative Respiratory Complications Through Physiotherapy

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The preoperative physiotherapy intervention cut the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications by 50%.

Procalcitonin-Guided Pneumonia Treatment Associated With Improved Outcomes

Procalcitonin-Guided Pneumonia Treatment Associated With Improved Outcomes

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Procalcitonin may decrease mortality rates in patients with acute respiratory infections, including pneumonia.

Pneumonia in Childhood Linked to Higher Short-Term Incidence of Some Cancers

Pneumonia in Childhood Linked to Higher Short-Term Incidence of Some Cancers

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Short-term incidence of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer may be higher in children who were hospitalized with pneumonia.

Effect of Corticosteroids on Pneumonia-Related Mortality

Effect of Corticosteroids on Pneumonia-Related Mortality

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Mortality from severe pneumonia may be significantly reduced with corticosteroids.

Incidence of Non-Ventilator Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

Incidence of Non-Ventilator Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

Non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia is a significant burden in US acute care hospitals and poses a risk to nonelderly, non-intensive unit patients.

Intravenous Antibiotic Recalled Due to Mold

Intravenous Antibiotic Recalled Due to Mold

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AuroMedics Pharma announced a voluntary recall of 1 lot of Linezolid injection after a batch found contained mold.

Predictors of Pneumonia in Adults With Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

Predictors of Pneumonia in Adults With Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

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Researchers identified 4 specific symptoms that could be the basis for a pneumonia diagnosis.

Adult Vaccinations: Improving Public Perception and Awareness

Adult Vaccinations: Improving Public Perception and Awareness

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Educational campaigns regarding the value of vaccines should integrate social psychological considerations with health communication principles.

The Potential Pitfalls of Machine Learning Algorithms in Medicine

The Potential Pitfalls of Machine Learning Algorithms in Medicine

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The ability of machine learning programs to diagnose medical conditions and predict outcomes is discussed in an opinion article.

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