Pneumonia

Pneumococcal Disease Risk Linked to Opioid Use

Pneumococcal Disease Risk Linked to Opioid Use

Long-acting, high-potency, and high-dose opioids were associated with an increased risk for invasive pneumococcal disease.

Invasive Mechanical Ventilation in Severe CAP Increased Mortality Risk

Invasive Mechanical Ventilation in Severe CAP Increased Mortality Risk

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Invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia appeared to increase their mortality risk.

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

Characteristics of Bacterial Isolates Before and After PCV13 Introduction

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Nasopharyngeal samples collected from young children with acute otitis media were analyzed for S pneumoniae, H influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis and compared before and after PCV13 introduction.

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Patient, practice, and provider characteristics are associated with inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing in the outpatient setting.

FDA Approves Avycaz Supplemental NDA for Pneumonia

FDA Approves Avycaz Supplemental NDA for Pneumonia

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The FDA approved the supplemental New Drug Application for Avycaz to treat adults with hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia.

Reducing Postoperative Respiratory Complications Through Physiotherapy

Reducing Postoperative Respiratory Complications Through Physiotherapy

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The preoperative physiotherapy intervention cut the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications by 50%.

Procalcitonin-Guided Pneumonia Treatment Associated With Improved Outcomes

Procalcitonin-Guided Pneumonia Treatment Associated With Improved Outcomes

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Procalcitonin may decrease mortality rates in patients with acute respiratory infections, including pneumonia.

Pneumonia in Childhood Linked to Higher Short-Term Incidence of Some Cancers

Pneumonia in Childhood Linked to Higher Short-Term Incidence of Some Cancers

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Short-term incidence of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer may be higher in children who were hospitalized with pneumonia.

Effect of Corticosteroids on Pneumonia-Related Mortality

Effect of Corticosteroids on Pneumonia-Related Mortality

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Mortality from severe pneumonia may be significantly reduced with corticosteroids.

Incidence of Non-Ventilator Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

Incidence of Non-Ventilator Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia

Non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia is a significant burden in US acute care hospitals and poses a risk to nonelderly, non-intensive unit patients.

Intravenous Antibiotic Recalled Due to Mold

Intravenous Antibiotic Recalled Due to Mold

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AuroMedics Pharma announced a voluntary recall of 1 lot of Linezolid injection after a batch found contained mold.

Predictors of Pneumonia in Adults With Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

Predictors of Pneumonia in Adults With Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

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Researchers identified 4 specific symptoms that could be the basis for a pneumonia diagnosis.

Adult Vaccinations: Improving Public Perception and Awareness

Adult Vaccinations: Improving Public Perception and Awareness

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Educational campaigns regarding the value of vaccines should integrate social psychological considerations with health communication principles.

The Potential Pitfalls of Machine Learning Algorithms in Medicine

The Potential Pitfalls of Machine Learning Algorithms in Medicine

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The ability of machine learning programs to diagnose medical conditions and predict outcomes is discussed in an opinion article.

Pneumonia in Pediatric Patients: Assessing Reliability of Signs and Symptoms

Pneumonia in Pediatric Patients: Assessing Reliability of Signs and Symptoms

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No single finding appears to reliably predict a pneumonia diagnosis in pediatric patients younger than 5 years of age.

Usefulness of CHEST 2006 Cough Classifications

Usefulness of CHEST 2006 Cough Classifications

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The 2006 CHEST management algorithms for acute, subacute, and chronic cough appear to be useful in treating adults globally.

Nebulized Antibiotics May Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Occurrence

Nebulized Antibiotics May Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Occurrence

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Prophylactic antibiotics administered to patients who were mechanically ventilated reduced the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Inhaled Corticosteroids Do Not Increase Risk for Pneumonia in COPD

Inhaled Corticosteroids Do Not Increase Risk for Pneumonia in COPD

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In contrast to previous study findings, inhaled corticosteroids do not appear to increase risk for pneumonia in patients with COPD with moderate airflow limitation.

Empiric Antibiotic Therapy in Hospital-Acquired and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

Empiric Antibiotic Therapy in Hospital-Acquired and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

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Strictly following empirical antimicrobial treatment guidelines in patients with hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated pneumonia may result in overtreatment with antibiotics.

Delafloxacin Effective for Community-Acquired Respiratory Tract Infections

Delafloxacin Effective for Community-Acquired Respiratory Tract Infections

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Study results indicate that delafloxacin has potent in-vitro activity against most common pathogens seen in community-acquired pneumonia.

Improving Length of Stay, Mortality in Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Improving Length of Stay, Mortality in Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia

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Combination antibiotic therapy with a macrolide improves hospital length of stay in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia.

Prolonged Hospitalization Predictors in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Prolonged Hospitalization Predictors in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

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Researchers developed a clinical tool to predict prolonged hospital stays in patients with pediatric community-acquired complicated pneumonia.

Beta-Lactams vs Azithromycin in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Beta-Lactams vs Azithromycin in Pediatric Community-Acquired Pneumonia

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Investigators found that macrolides correlated with lower odds of treatment failure in patients younger than 5 with CAP.

Pneumococcal Vaccination Uptake Lower in Minority Populations

Pneumococcal Vaccination Uptake Lower in Minority Populations

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Low education and low income are linked to lower uptakes of PCV13 in minorities 65 years and older.

Procalcitonin Diagnostic Algorithm Useful in Bacterial Pneumonia

Procalcitonin Diagnostic Algorithm Useful in Bacterial Pneumonia

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Using serum procalcitonin levels to diagnose and manage bacterial pneumonia decreases length of hospital stay.

Pneumococcal Vaccination Trends in Work vs Non-Work-Related Asthma

Pneumococcal Vaccination Trends in Work vs Non-Work-Related Asthma

Fewer than half of patients with asthma have received a pneumococcal vaccination.

PCV13 and PCV10 Vaccines Showed High Efficacy Against Pneumococcal Pneumonia Serotypes

PCV13 and PCV10 Vaccines Showed High Efficacy Against Pneumococcal Pneumonia Serotypes

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While the newest high-valent PCV10 and PCV13 vaccines are effective in preventing IPD caused by the serotypes within the vaccines, breakthrough patterns of conversion to non-PCV13 serotypes are emerging.

Pneumonia Outcomes Predicted by Time to Positivity of Blood Culture

Pneumonia Outcomes Predicted by Time to Positivity of Blood Culture

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Early time to positivity of blood culture in patients with bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia predicted the risk for invasive mechanical ventilation.

GERD Associated With Long-Term Risk of Pneumonia

GERD Associated With Long-Term Risk of Pneumonia

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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is associated with long-term risk of pneumonia, especially in the younger population and in patients who have been treated with proton pump inhibitors.

Case Report: Zoonotic <i>Chlamydia caviae</i> Linked to Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Case Report: Zoonotic Chlamydia caviae Linked to Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Three cases of community-acquired pneumonia were reported in otherwise healthy adults.

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