Clinicians should consider these findings when using atypical antipsychotics in patients at risk for pneumonia.
Researchers have developed a novel algorithm to identify hypersensitivity pneumonitis.
Lung ultrasound was more effective in diagnosing pediatric community-acquired pneumonia than chest radiography.
Clinical presentation and outcomes in HIV-infected patients with Legionella pneumonia did not differ from patients without HIV infection.
Low-dose computed tomography may assist clinicians in modifying diagnosis of elderly patients who are admitted with suspected pneumonia.
A higher proportion of patients with COPD and a blood eosinophil count of ≥0.34×109/L had elevated markers of low-grade systemic inflammation regardless of forced expiratory volume in 1 second.
The risk for death in patients with community-acquired pneumonia who were given mechanical ventilation does not seem to be affected by the presence of acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Researchers found increased myocardial infarction rates during the week after Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza infections.
Differences in serum inflammatory markers may exist between patients with community-acquired pneumonia who present within the first 48 hours of symptom onset vs those who present later.
Use of prophylactic antimicrobial therapy was not associated with a reduction in mortality or transfer to critical care compared with patients managed with supportive care only.
Adults with community-acquired pneumonia that is visualized on CT scan but not on concurrent chest radiograph have similar pathogens, disease severity, and outcomes as patients who had pneumonia confirmed via chest radiograph.
Interventional reduction of the angiopoietin-1/angiopoietin-2 ratio may provide therapeutic perspective for prevention of acute lung injury in pneumonia.
Children with asthma who experience chronic oral glucocorticoid exposure may have significant morbidities, including adrenal suppression, recurrent pneumonia, and behavioral problems.
Researchers retrospectively analyzed data from patients hospitalized with pneumococcal community-acquired pneumonia to determine risk factors for pneumococcal bacteremia.
As a result of activating the inflammatory-immune system, pneumonia may trigger cardiovascular complications.
Researchers found the strongest link between prescription opioid use and the risk for invasive pneumococcal disease was present in individuals using long-acting, high-dose, or highly potent formulations.
Long-acting, high-potency, and high-dose opioids were associated with an increased risk for invasive pneumococcal disease.
Invasive mechanical ventilation in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia appeared to increase their mortality risk.
Nasopharyngeal samples collected from young children with acute otitis media were analyzed for S pneumoniae, H influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis and compared before and after PCV13 introduction.
Patient, practice, and provider characteristics are associated with inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing in the outpatient setting.
The FDA approved the supplemental New Drug Application for Avycaz to treat adults with hospital-acquired or ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia.
The preoperative physiotherapy intervention cut the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications by 50%.
Procalcitonin may decrease mortality rates in patients with acute respiratory infections, including pneumonia.
Short-term incidence of leukemia, lymphoma, and brain cancer may be higher in children who were hospitalized with pneumonia.
Mortality from severe pneumonia may be significantly reduced with corticosteroids.
Non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia is a significant burden in US acute care hospitals and poses a risk to nonelderly, non-intensive unit patients.
AuroMedics Pharma announced a voluntary recall of 1 lot of Linezolid injection after a batch found contained mold.
Researchers identified 4 specific symptoms that could be the basis for a pneumonia diagnosis.
Educational campaigns regarding the value of vaccines should integrate social psychological considerations with health communication principles.
The ability of machine learning programs to diagnose medical conditions and predict outcomes is discussed in an opinion article.