International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation: Updated Treatment Consensus for CPR

International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation: Updated Treatment Consensus for CPR

The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation has provided treatment updates on various aspects of CPR.

Repeated Vaccinations May Prevent Severe Influenza Infection

Repeated Vaccinations May Prevent Severe Influenza Infection

Vaccination for influenza for multiple seasons is twice as effective in preventing severe influenza.

Current Cancer Death Rates in the United States

Current Cancer Death Rates in the United States

The cancer death rate declined by 1.5% annually from 2006 to 2015 in the United States.

Lung Cancer Screening by CT Scan: Risk-Based vs USPSTF Criteria

Lung Cancer Screening by CT Scan: Risk-Based vs USPSTF Criteria

Lung cancer screening based on USPSTF criteria decreased from 2010 to 2015 while risk-targeted screening is associated with modest gains in terms of early lung cancer mortality per person screened.

Measuring Immuno-Oncology Agents Against Cancer Care Framework

Measuring Immuno-Oncology Agents Against Cancer Care Framework

Few modern, US FDA-approved immuno-oncology agents have durable survival and response rates that are deemed significant by the ASCO value framework.

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing May Be Supplemented by Preop Accelerometry

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing May Be Supplemented by Preop Accelerometry

Preoperative accelerometry can assess cardiopulmonary fitness in patients scheduled for major surgery.

Noncigarette Tobacco Products May Increase Teens' Risk of Smoking Cigarettes

Noncigarette Tobacco Products May Increase Teens' Risk of Smoking Cigarettes

Non-cigarette tobacco use is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking among US adolescents.

Long-Term Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation With Pharmaceutical Aids

Long-Term Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation With Pharmaceutical Aids

Pharmaceutical aids are not effective for increasing long-term smoking cessation.

Smoking Cessation Drug May Increase Cardiovascular Event Risk

Smoking Cessation Drug May Increase Cardiovascular Event Risk

Individuals taking varenicline for smoking cessation may be at an increased risk of cardiovascular events.

Preserving Lung Function With Dietary Antioxidants

Preserving Lung Function With Dietary Antioxidants

Eating fruits and vegetables may delay decline in lung function, especially in former smokers.

Smoking Cessation Drug May Also Reduce Heavy Drinking

Smoking Cessation Drug May Also Reduce Heavy Drinking

Smoking cessation drug varenicline also reduces heavy drinking., especially in men.

CDC: 2015 to 2016 Saw Drop in Life Expectancy in the United States

CDC: 2015 to 2016 Saw Drop in Life Expectancy in the United States

Life expectancy decreased by one-tenth of a year from 2015-2016.

Wearable Fitness Technology: One Tool Among Many for Better Health

Wearable Fitness Technology: One Tool Among Many for Better Health

Evaluating the benefits of wearable fitness technology.

Older Patients Often Experience Hospital Discharge Discrepancies

Older Patients Often Experience Hospital Discharge Discrepancies

Frequent discrepancies between the electronic discharge summaries and the discharge prescriptions were found at a regional hospital in Australia.

Hospital Readmissions May Be Predicted by Reported Post-Discharge Symptoms

Hospital Readmissions May Be Predicted by Reported Post-Discharge Symptoms

Post-discharge symptoms self-reported by frail, elderly adults may predict 30-day hospital readmission visits.

Smoking Cessation Rates May Improve With Monetary Incentives

Smoking Cessation Rates May Improve With Monetary Incentives

Smoking cessation outcomes improve with abstinence contingent incentives.

Lung Cancer Risk Reduced With Smoke-Free Ordinances

Lung Cancer Risk Reduced With Smoke-Free Ordinances

Few cases of lung cancer suspected in counties with smoke-free ordinances.

Low Peak Lung Function May Identify Individuals at Risk for Early Comorbidities

Low Peak Lung Function May Identify Individuals at Risk for Early Comorbidities

The use of spirometry during infancy or early adulthood may help identify individuals at risk for poor health outcomes

Ambient Air Pollution Exposure Associated With Increased Risk for Pregnancy Loss

Ambient Air Pollution Exposure Associated With Increased Risk for Pregnancy Loss

A prospective study evaluated whether chronic exposure to air pollution increased risk for pregnancy loss.

Role of E-Cigarettes in Asthma Development and Exacerbation

Role of E-Cigarettes in Asthma Development and Exacerbation

Smokers with asthma have been encouraged to switch from conventional to electronic cigarettes, but the latter may still cause respiratory damage.

Walking in Polluted Area Blunts Cardiorespiratory Benefits

Walking in Polluted Area Blunts Cardiorespiratory Benefits

Concentrations of black carbon, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter were higher in traffic-polluted areas, and linked to more instances of cough, sputum, and shortness of breath.

Cause for Reduced Effectiveness of 2016-2017 Influenza Vaccine Discovered

Cause for Reduced Effectiveness of 2016-2017 Influenza Vaccine Discovered

A glycoprotein mutation in fertilized chicken eggs may be the cause of the limited effectiveness of the 2016-2017 flu vaccine.

Cancer Survival Varies by Type of Health Insurance

Cancer Survival Varies by Type of Health Insurance

Improvements in cancer survival were limited to patients with private insurance, from 1997-2014.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Increase Amyloid Burden

Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Increase Amyloid Burden

Obstructive sleep apenea may increase the amyloid burden in cognitively normal older patients.

Lung Cancer Has Highest Number of Preventable Cases, Deaths

Lung Cancer Has Highest Number of Preventable Cases, Deaths

An estimated 42.0% of all incident cancers and 45.1% of cancer deaths in the United States are attributed to potentially modifiable risk factors.

HIV Viral Loads May Affect Echocardiographic Pulmonary Pressure

HIV Viral Loads May Affect Echocardiographic Pulmonary Pressure

Individuals who are HIV-positive may be at a higher risk for increased pulmonary pressure and mortality.

Asthma Control in Nonobese Patients Improves With Exercise and Diet

Asthma Control in Nonobese Patients Improves With Exercise and Diet

Exercise and diet improves asthma control in nonobese patients with asthma.

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With Asthma

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With Asthma

Prenatal tobacco smoke exposure appears to be associated with airflow obstruction in children who have asthma.

E-Cigarette Nicotine Levels and Smoking Trends in Adolescents

E-Cigarette Nicotine Levels and Smoking Trends in Adolescents

Adolescents who use electronic cigarettes with higher levels of nicotine may progressively increase the frequency and intensity of smoking.

Prevalence of Tobacco Use in US Adults

Prevalence of Tobacco Use in US Adults

Current use of 2 or more tobacco products was highest among installation, maintenance, and repair workers.

Lung Cancer Screening Endorsed by Pulmonary and Primary Care Providers

Lung Cancer Screening Endorsed by Pulmonary and Primary Care Providers

Researchers surveyed knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, barriers, and facilitators related to screening patients for lung cancer.

Adverse Respiratory Effects From Prenatal Exposure to Phenols and Phthalates in Young Boys

Adverse Respiratory Effects From Prenatal Exposure to Phenols and Phthalates in Young Boys

Prenatal exposure to certain phenols and phthalates may have adverse effects on children's respiratory health.

Chronic Respiratory Disease Mortality Rates Increase From 1980 to 2014

Chronic Respiratory Disease Mortality Rates Increase From 1980 to 2014

Mortality rates and changes in mortality rates for chronic respiratory diseases in the United States varied by county, sex, and particular disease type.

Switching to Electronic Cigarettes May Reduce Deaths

Switching to Electronic Cigarettes May Reduce Deaths

Replacing smoking with vaping would result in "substantial" life-year gains.

Preventing Childhood Adverse Respiratory Outcomes With Folic Acid in Pregnancy

Preventing Childhood Adverse Respiratory Outcomes With Folic Acid in Pregnancy

Early initiation of folic acid or prenatal vitamin supplementation may protect the offspring of mothers who have a history of atopy from adverse childhood respiratory outcomes.

Pneumococcal Vaccination Trends in Work vs Non-Work-Related Asthma

Pneumococcal Vaccination Trends in Work vs Non-Work-Related Asthma

Fewer than half of patients with asthma have received a pneumococcal vaccination.

E-Cigarettes With Nicotine Linked to Arterial Stiffness

E-Cigarettes With Nicotine Linked to Arterial Stiffness

E-cigarettes that contain nicotine may cause arterial stiffness and increase blood pressure and heart rate.

Particulate Matter and Kidney Damage: Is There a Link?

Particulate Matter and Kidney Damage: Is There a Link?

Even in levels below EPA limits, particulate matter can damage kidneys.

Appropriate Thromboprophylaxis Not Increased With Electronic Alerts

Appropriate Thromboprophylaxis Not Increased With Electronic Alerts

A computer-based alert system does not increase thromboprophylaxis among patients in general medical wards at hospitals.

Lung Cancer Screening CT Scans in High-Risk Smokers Increase Cessation Rates

Lung Cancer Screening CT Scans in High-Risk Smokers Increase Cessation Rates

Patients who underwent lung CT screening had a higher 2-week smoking cessation rate vs patients who did not undergo screening.

Pulmonary Rehabilitation Benefits in COPD, Lung Cancer, and Other Respiratory Conditions

Pulmonary Rehabilitation Benefits in COPD, Lung Cancer, and Other Respiratory Conditions

Recent research suggests that perioperative and postoperative pulmonary rehabilitation improves outcomes in patients undergoing thoracic surgery.

Can A Vaccine Prevent the Common Cold?

Can A Vaccine Prevent the Common Cold?

There is no conclusive evidence to support the use of vaccines for preventing the common cold.

Does High-Dose Flu Vaccine Reduce Hospitalizations in Nursing Home Residents?

Does High-Dose Flu Vaccine Reduce Hospitalizations in Nursing Home Residents?

Influenza and pulmonary-related hospitalizations were lower in elderly patients who received the high-dose trivalent influenza vaccine vs the standard dose.

Effect of Conservative Fluid Management on Mortality in ARDS Patients

Effect of Conservative Fluid Management on Mortality in ARDS Patients

Researchers examined the efficacy of conservative vs liberal fluid management in ARDS on disease mortality.

Early Simvastatin Tx Does Not Decrease Delirium Duration in Criticall Ill Patients

Early Simvastatin Tx Does Not Decrease Delirium Duration in Criticall Ill Patients

Incidence of delirium and coma were not prevented with early initiation of simvastatin in patients on mechanical ventilation.

FDA Examines Regulatory Standards for Nicotine Levels in Tobacco Products

FDA Examines Regulatory Standards for Nicotine Levels in Tobacco Products

In an effort to reduce nicotine to "non-addictive" levels, the FDA will begin a public dialogue.

Seqirus Ships 2017-2018 Influenza Vaccinations

Seqirus Ships 2017-2018 Influenza Vaccinations

Vaccinations include Fluad, Flucelvax Quadrivalent, Afluria Quadrivalent, and Fluvirin,

Avoiding Pneumonia in Patients With COPD

Avoiding Pneumonia in Patients With COPD

Pneumonia primarily affects young children, smokers, adults 65 years and older, and people with COPD.

Maternal Exposure to Air Pollution May Increase Asthma Risk Across Generations

Maternal Exposure to Air Pollution May Increase Asthma Risk Across Generations

When pregnant women are exposed to certain air pollutants, the susceptibility to allergic asthma may increase across generations.

Child Intelligence Scores Tied to Mortality Risk for CV, Respiratory, Digestive Diseases

Child Intelligence Scores Tied to Mortality Risk for CV, Respiratory, Digestive Diseases

Childhood intelligence scores are associated with lower risk of mortality caused by coronary heart disease, cancers related to smoking, respiratory diseases, digestive diseases, injury, and dementia.

Public Health and Influenza: Why the Flu Vaccine is So Important

Public Health and Influenza: Why the Flu Vaccine is So Important

During the 2015-2016 flu season, approximately 59.3% of children and 41.7% of adults received the influenza vaccine.

Morbidity, Mortality in VZV-Related Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Morbidity, Mortality in VZV-Related Community-Acquired Pneumonia

A large cohort study of critically ill patients with varicella-zoster virus-related community-acquired pneumonia found that significant morbidity and mortality are associated with the disease.

Global Tobacco Control Treaty Reduces Smoking Worldwide

Global Tobacco Control Treaty Reduces Smoking Worldwide

Participating countries agreed to introduce policies including high tobacco taxes and smoke-free public spaces.

ACE Inhibitors, ARBs Slow Progression of Emphysema

ACE Inhibitors, ARBs Slow Progression of Emphysema

Treatment with full-dose angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers was found to slow disease progression in patients with emphysema.

Clinician Initiation Communication Affects Parental Decision-Making With Influenza Vaccine

Clinician Initiation Communication Affects Parental Decision-Making With Influenza Vaccine

Videotapes of 50 visits were examined to determine whether clinician pursuit of influenza vaccine affected vaccination rates in pediatric patients.

Could Antioxidants Prevent Wheezing in Infants Following Viral ARIs?

Could Antioxidants Prevent Wheezing in Infants Following Viral ARIs?

Oxidative stress may play an important role in the development of recurrent wheezing following viral ARIs in infancy.

Can Rapid Viral Testing Reduce Unnecessary Antibiotic Use?

Can Rapid Viral Testing Reduce Unnecessary Antibiotic Use?

Molecular point-of-care testing for viruses led to more patients receiving single or brief doses of antibiotics without any evidence of increased harm.

Long-Acting Beta2-Agonists Do Not Increase Cardiovascular Risks

Long-Acting Beta2-Agonists Do Not Increase Cardiovascular Risks

Combination therapy with an inhaled LABA and inhaled corticosteroid did not affect all-cause mortality in patients with COPD compared with inhaled placebo, LABA alone, or corticosterioid alone.

Safety Outcomes of Influenza Vaccine in Pregnancy

Safety Outcomes of Influenza Vaccine in Pregnancy

Birth weight and week's gestation of infants at birth are not affected by maternal influenza vaccination during any trimester of pregnancy.

Double-dose IIV4 Safe and Effective in Young Children

Double-dose IIV4 Safe and Effective in Young Children

Researchers evaluated whether administering double-dose IIV4 to children younger than 3 years of age improved protection against influenza B without increasing adverse events in a phase 3 trial.

LAIV May Be Safe in Children with Underlying Medical Conditions

LAIV May Be Safe in Children with Underlying Medical Conditions

The live attenuated influenza vaccine, LAIV, is safe in children under 2 with underlying medical conditions.

AHA Calls for Guidelines: Sleep Disorders Linked to Increased Cardiovascular Risk

AHA Calls for Guidelines: Sleep Disorders Linked to Increased Cardiovascular Risk

The American Heart Association panel found that sleep disorders are associated with adverse cardiometabolic risk profiles and outcomes.

Smoking Associated With Decreased Cardiac Function

Smoking Associated With Decreased Cardiac Function

Smoking correlated with increased measures of left ventricular mass and worsening diastolic function.

CPAP Therapy Did Not Prevent CV Events In Obstructive Sleep Apnea

CPAP Therapy Did Not Prevent CV Events In Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Although patients in the CPAP group experienced improvements in quality of life, the therapy had no significant effects on the composite end point of death from any cardiovascular cause, MI, stroke, or hospitalization for various cardiovascular events.

Peripheral Artery Disease-Related Healthcare Costs Increase Due to Smoking

Peripheral Artery Disease-Related Healthcare Costs Increase Due to Smoking

he average cost of health care for smokers was $64,041 compared to $45,918 for nonsmokers, based on the data from the one-year follow-up period.

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