Elderly patients who have been inoculated with the influenza vaccine and who also use a statin are at a greater risk for medically attended acute respiratory illness.
The burden of childhood and infant pneumonia can be effectively reduced through the use of the pneumococcal Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine.
Infants who presented with pulmonary symptoms when diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease had a higher incidence of early onset asthma compared with infants who did not have pulmonary symptoms.
For patients with CAP, antibiotic regimens including a fluoroquinolone may reduce mortality risk by 1-2% compared to beta-lactams and cephalosporins alone.
Standard pen needles have an outer cover and removable inner needle cover, while safety pen needles have an outer cover and a fixed inner needle shield that is not removed before an injection.
Combustible use was the most prevalent; 61.7% of cannabis users report using multiple methods.
For women and men, 35 and 30 countries expected to meet Sustainable Development Goal target 3.4
Small devices deliver addictive nicotine dose without noxious taste; pose danger to adolescents.
However, the intervention engaged young adults and increased abstinence at the end of 3-month treatment.
Changing pollination patterns, extreme weather events, rising sea levels, air pollution, and extreme temperatures all negatively affect respiratory conditions.
'The Real Cost' Youth E-Cigarette Prevention Campaign from the FDA is targeting at-risk youth.
Vaccination rates decreased throughout the day; with intervention, there was a similar increase throughout day.
Guidance focuses on Americans posted in overseas settings with high ambient levels of air pollution.
Inadequate regulation of carbon pollution will likely have current and future consequences for human health.
The data showed matched odds ratio for current vs past use of PPIs to be 0.88 (95% CI, 0.36 to 2.16) when comparing cases and their controls for community-acquired pneumonia. With regard to lower respiratory tract infections, the matched odds ratio between cases and their controls was 1.13 (95% CI, 0.87 to 1.48).
Electronic cigarette use is higher in male students and current users of e-cigarettes or other tobacco products.
The American Heart Association has updated their disaster resources page with the latest tips to keep in mind when counseling patients ahead of a natural disaster.
Adults aged 18 to 34 years had the highest frequency of marijuana use compared with all other age groups, and a small percentage of respondents reported using multiple different forms of marijuana per year.
When assessing age-specific groups, researchers observed that adults within the LBGTQ community, those with chronic health conditions, men, and current combustible cigarette smokers had higher rates of e-cigarette use.
Flavored products as a percent of all e-cigarette sales hit 19.8%; variations were seen by product type and state.
Highest use of tobacco seen in Native Hawaiians, Indians, Alaskans, and the lowest use in Asians.
More than 1200 warning letters and fines have been sent to retailers and major e-cigarette manufacturers.
On visual inspection by bronchoscopy, airways of e-cigarette users appeared friable and erythematous.
Smokers with immediate vs gradual reduction had significantly lower levels of smoke exposure.
Overall, 5 phenotypes were identified and differentiated mainly by patterns of wheezing and aeroallergen sensitization: low wheeze-low atopy, low wheeze-high atopy, transient wheeze-low atopy, high wheeze-low atopy, and high wheeze-high atopy.
The benefits of cardiorespiratory fitness extended well into the later part of life for middle-aged men without cardiovascular disease.
Prevalence of marijuana use was 20% in states with legal recreational use and 12% where no use is legal.
Approximately 300 proteins were differentially expressed in epithelial cells from biopsy samples in smoker and vaper airways, only 78 proteins were commonly altered in both groups, and 113 were uniquely altered in vapers.
Exposure to ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter <2.5 μm demonstrated strong associations with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Increased prevalence of electronic cigarette use in younger adults, LGBT individuals, and combustible cigarette smokers.
After 2.1 years of follow-up, 49% of patients who had emphysema on chest CT were readmitted for heart failure and 24% had died.
In general, routine annual vaccination is recommended for all patients ≥6 months of age who have no contraindications.
Exposure in nonsmoking adolescents linked to increased risk for emergency department and/or urgent care visits.
EPA predicts between 470 and 1400 premature deaths a year by 2030.
Air pollution advisories and air quality alerts have been issued for Washington and Oregon.
Tobacco content occurred in 33% of all programs; 8% of all advertisements or trailer breaks.
E-cigarette vapor condensate is cytotoxic at lower concentrations than e-cigarette liquid, which results in increased apoptosis.
Prolonged exposure to planetary dust could impair airway and lung function and increase the risk of diseases like cancer.
There was a low risk of pneumothorax and catheter misplacement after a ultrasound-guided procedure.
From 2000 to 2015, individuals without insurance or usual care were less likely to have undergone cancer screening.
The American Medical Association urges federal government to regulate e-cigarettes, including a requirement to list nicotine content.
E-cigarette users had significantly higher odds of exposure to second-hand smoke and of consuming alcohol, after adjustments for age, gender, and ethnicity.
Average monthly sales of electronic cigarettes and related products rose 132% from 2012 to 2017.
The FDA aims to support the development of novel inhaled nicotine replacement therapies to combat the public health crisis of tobacco use in the United States.
Pfizer has terminated the ALLOZITHRO trial (N=480) due to this increased risk.
Dual users of conventional cigarettes and electronic cigarettes had the highest prevalence of respiratory symptoms.
Hospitalization risk was also reduced for RA patients who received influenza vaccination.
Reducing the number of computers in surgical intensive care units reduced barriers to communication.
Inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions were highest among urgent care facilities (45.7%), with emergency departments (24.6%), medical offices (17.0%), and retail clinics (14.4%) following.
Over 20 years, a 1-L reduction in alcohol intake was linked to a 3.9% decrease in overall cancer mortality.
Immune priming with seasonal H1N1 viruses earlier in life and egg-adaptation in vaccines can impact antibody responses following influenza vaccination.
Medicare beneficiaries spent more out of pocket for generic medications used to treat cardiovascular disease than patients using standalone prescription drug plans.
Researchers aim to assess the influence of organic solvent exposure on the risk for developing multiple sclerosis.
More than 9 million smokers have attempted to quit because of Tips from Former Smokers Campaign.
Results of a pooled analysis of cross-sectional studies demonstrated an increase in cough, sputum production, wheezing, and dyspnea from marijuana use.
Obesity paradox in type 2 diabetes was pronounced in current smokers and absent in never smokers.
The US Centers for Disease Control offers steps to minimize exposure to wildfire smoke, particularly for those with chronic conditions.
The recall affects approximately 470,000 units that include drugs packaged with 3 to 10 tablets per blister card. The blister packs were developed for use in hospitals, however some were sent to retail pharmacies and were likely dispensed for in-home use.
Lone star tick is most common in the South, but may be spreading to new areas.
The device is indicated for ultrasound echo imaging, measurement, and analysis of the human body for general clinical applications including musculoskeletal, vascular, small parts (breast, thyroid), and lung imaging.
Commission makes 6 recommendations to meet 2030 goals for non-communicable diseases.
Factors that could increase risk for heat-related illnesses include age-related changes to skin as well as heart, lung, and kidney diseases.
About 10 percent of youth report smoking hookah, with smoking mainly occurring in the home environment.
Smoking marijuana seems to be associated with increased risk of cough, sputum production, and wheezing.
Few JUUL-related Twitter posts mention topic of smoking cessation.
Increase in all-cause, cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, kidney disease, suicide, and COPD mortality.
Of the more than 2000 US college campuses with smoke-free policies, 83.7% were tobacco-free and 79.6% and 41% had prohibited electronic cigarette use and hookah smoking, respectively.
Interviews showed some quitters deliberately switch from conventional cigarettes to e-cigarettes while some use both.
E-cigarettes should be regulated as tobacco products and their sale to youth should be banned worldwide, according to a statement from the Forum of International Respiratory Societies.
The researchers argued that outpatient antibiotic stewardship efforts must be strengthened to eliminate antibiotic treatment for viral upper respiratory infections and acute bronchitis.
Adjustment for varenicline use as a post-cessation treatment linked to increase in beneficial effect.
The inclusion of residual volume-to-total lung capacity ratio may add another dimension to COPD not routinely captured by standard airflow indices that could be predictive of lower maximum exercise capacity.
The United States Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend screening with resting or exercise electrocardiography in asymptomatic individuals at low risk for cardiovascular disease events.
Electronic cigarettes was the most commonly used tobacco product in high and middle school students in 2017.
The American Academy of Family Physicians and other signatories called on FDA to apply the proposal to other combustible tobacco products.
Targeted sequencing, whole-genome sequencing, and whole-genome bisulfite sequencing showed potential for detecting lung cancer.
A total of 8 quantitative radiologic features were used to characterize indeterminate screen-detected lung nodules.
In adolescent e-cigarette users, stronger nicotine dependence was associated with being in a higher grade in school, vaping at an earlier age, vaping more frequently, and the use of higher nicotine concentrations.
Body mass index and body fat distribution may influence smoking behaviors.
Systematic early lactate measurements speed antibiotic administration and improve outcomes in patients with sepsis.
Adherence to Mediterranean diet may attenuate association of nitrous oxide with all-cause mortality.
Redeemable deposits and rewards were superior to free smoking cessation aids with respect to sustained abstinence.
Flavoring commonly used in e-cigarettes suppresses cilia beat frequency, lasting for 60 minutes.
Obesity may be linked with an increased risk of smoking as well as an increase in the number of cigarettes smoked per day.
Researchers examined the relationship between smoking marijuana and the decline in FEV1 in adults aged 40 years and older.
Overall, there was a 1.61-fold increase in risk for elevated blood pressure in children with highest vs lowest tertile of PM2.5.
Children with exposure to secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke have an increased rate of emergency department visits.
General medicine readmissions within 7 days were more amendable to hospital-based interventions.
Although cigarette taxes were supposedly implemented to encourage smokers to quit, they can have a disproportionate effect on people of low-income status.
A high impact was seen, especially when the vaccine uptake was optimally distributed across age groups.
The rate of liquid nicotine exposure in children younger than 6 years of age has declined since 2015, but it continues to pose a serious poisoning risk.
Decline was observed in race-based disparities in years of life lost in the United States from 1990 to 2014.
April 28, 2018 is National Prescription Drug Take Back Day.
There were no observable differences in the incidence of any cardiovascular events across the smoking cessation treatment groups.
Stronger correlation was seen between electronic cigarette use and marijuana in younger adolescents, aged 12 to 14 years, than for older teens.
In a wide ranging statement, the FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, specifically targets novel nicotine-delivery products as being problematic since many of these devices resemble USB flash drives, have high nicotine levels and have emissions that are hard to see.
This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.
Children who were born preterm had an increased likelihood of developing impaired lung function compared with healthy term children.
In men younger than 50, the more cigarettes smoked linked to increased risk for ischemic stroke.
A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.