Invasive pneumococcal disease was significantly higher in premature infants than in infants born at term.
The ACC Expert Consensus Decision Pathway provides guidance to clinicians who treat patients with cardiovascular disease who are also smokers.
However, more than half of proposed bills sought to expand access to immunization exemptions.
A transient resistance to rifampin may emerge in patients after taking rifaximin.
A meta-analysis of case-control studies supports the use of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children as it protects against serotype 3.
The concept of thirdhand smoke was originally introduced in 1953, when rodent studies first demonstrated the carcinogenic effects of the residue from tobacco smoke.
The implementation guide is designed to increase levels of lung cancer screening in heavy smokers.
There was a substantial rise in youth vaping, but a decline in past 30-day smoking prevalence.
Lower systolic blood pressure was found in individuals living in areas with public smoke-free policies.
Reports of serious adverse events related to dietary supplements containing the unapproved opioid-like antidepressant tianeptine have prompted FDA warnings.
The FDA has announced that it will make changes to its tobacco compliance policy that will put restrictions on the sale of electronic nicotine delivery systems.
The American Medical Association hopes to identify the systemic factors that contribute to this problem.
The patient-facing PREPARE advance care planning program plus an easy-to-read advance directive significantly increases documentation of advance care planning and patient-reported engagement.
JUUL is also shutting down Facebook and Instagram accounts in the United States.
The US Department of Health and Human Services has released the second edition of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions meeting.
Seven articles published in the The Lancet address different aspects of the global burden of disease.
Details of the electronic cigarette ban are expected to be announced next week.
The risk of having a healthcare-associated infection was 16% lower in 2015 than in 2011.
Scientific models project a continued decrease in lung cancer mortality.
After free flap surgery, smoking status was tied to wound disruption and unplanned reoperation.
The CHEST Expert Cough Panel agreed on cough, dyspnea, pleural pain, sweating, shivers, aches, temperature of ≥38°C, tachypnea, and new and localizing chest examination signs as clinical symptoms as criteria suggestive of pneumonia in outpatient adults.
Significant associations were seen between increased average prenatal carbon monoxide and reduced time to peak tidal expiratory flow to expiratory time, increased respiratory rate, and increased minute ventilation.
There were statistically significant positive associations between ozone and all respiratory emergency department visits in all age groups.
Tobacco control could prevent more cancer deaths than any other strategy.
Only 40% of e-cigarette users reported a perceived chance of experiencing social or health risks.
The tool has 12 variables, such as age, worry- or stress-related items, and alcohol- or tobacco-related items.
Canada is the first major world economy to legalize recreational marijuana use.
The United States is expected to fall from 43rd in 2016 to 64th by 2040, with an average life expectancy of 79.8 years.
There were reductions in influenza cases, deaths, and costs by adding pharmacies during influenza epidemics.
Fewer than half of women who were pregnant during peak influenza vaccination period in 2017 to 2018 were vaccinated.
The risk for obstructive lung disease was nearly 8 times greater in heavy stable smokers compared with never-smokers.
Repeated exposure to the influenza virus affects antibody quantity and quality, and strains selected for seasonal vaccines may not provide coverage sufficient for individuals frequently infected and/or vaccinated.
Elderly patients who have been inoculated with the influenza vaccine and who also use a statin are at a greater risk for medically attended acute respiratory illness.
The burden of childhood and infant pneumonia can be effectively reduced through the use of the pneumococcal Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine.
Infants who presented with pulmonary symptoms when diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux disease had a higher incidence of early onset asthma compared with infants who did not have pulmonary symptoms.
For patients with CAP, antibiotic regimens including a fluoroquinolone may reduce mortality risk by 1-2% compared to beta-lactams and cephalosporins alone.
Standard pen needles have an outer cover and removable inner needle cover, while safety pen needles have an outer cover and a fixed inner needle shield that is not removed before an injection.
Combustible use was the most prevalent; 61.7% of cannabis users report using multiple methods.
For women and men, 35 and 30 countries expected to meet Sustainable Development Goal target 3.4
Small devices deliver addictive nicotine dose without noxious taste; pose danger to adolescents.
However, the intervention engaged young adults and increased abstinence at the end of 3-month treatment.
Changing pollination patterns, extreme weather events, rising sea levels, air pollution, and extreme temperatures all negatively affect respiratory conditions.
'The Real Cost' Youth E-Cigarette Prevention Campaign from the FDA is targeting at-risk youth.
Vaccination rates decreased throughout the day; with intervention, there was a similar increase throughout day.
Guidance focuses on Americans posted in overseas settings with high ambient levels of air pollution.
Inadequate regulation of carbon pollution will likely have current and future consequences for human health.
The data showed matched odds ratio for current vs past use of PPIs to be 0.88 (95% CI, 0.36 to 2.16) when comparing cases and their controls for community-acquired pneumonia. With regard to lower respiratory tract infections, the matched odds ratio between cases and their controls was 1.13 (95% CI, 0.87 to 1.48).
Electronic cigarette use is higher in male students and current users of e-cigarettes or other tobacco products.
The American Heart Association has updated their disaster resources page with the latest tips to keep in mind when counseling patients ahead of a natural disaster.
Adults aged 18 to 34 years had the highest frequency of marijuana use compared with all other age groups, and a small percentage of respondents reported using multiple different forms of marijuana per year.
When assessing age-specific groups, researchers observed that adults within the LBGTQ community, those with chronic health conditions, men, and current combustible cigarette smokers had higher rates of e-cigarette use.
Flavored products as a percent of all e-cigarette sales hit 19.8%; variations were seen by product type and state.
Highest use of tobacco seen in Native Hawaiians, Indians, Alaskans, and the lowest use in Asians.
More than 1200 warning letters and fines have been sent to retailers and major e-cigarette manufacturers.
On visual inspection by bronchoscopy, airways of e-cigarette users appeared friable and erythematous.
Smokers with immediate vs gradual reduction had significantly lower levels of smoke exposure.
Overall, 5 phenotypes were identified and differentiated mainly by patterns of wheezing and aeroallergen sensitization: low wheeze-low atopy, low wheeze-high atopy, transient wheeze-low atopy, high wheeze-low atopy, and high wheeze-high atopy.
The benefits of cardiorespiratory fitness extended well into the later part of life for middle-aged men without cardiovascular disease.
Prevalence of marijuana use was 20% in states with legal recreational use and 12% where no use is legal.
Approximately 300 proteins were differentially expressed in epithelial cells from biopsy samples in smoker and vaper airways, only 78 proteins were commonly altered in both groups, and 113 were uniquely altered in vapers.
Exposure to ozone, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter <2.5 μm demonstrated strong associations with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Increased prevalence of electronic cigarette use in younger adults, LGBT individuals, and combustible cigarette smokers.
After 2.1 years of follow-up, 49% of patients who had emphysema on chest CT were readmitted for heart failure and 24% had died.
In general, routine annual vaccination is recommended for all patients ≥6 months of age who have no contraindications.
Exposure in nonsmoking adolescents linked to increased risk for emergency department and/or urgent care visits.
EPA predicts between 470 and 1400 premature deaths a year by 2030.
Air pollution advisories and air quality alerts have been issued for Washington and Oregon.
Tobacco content occurred in 33% of all programs; 8% of all advertisements or trailer breaks.
E-cigarette vapor condensate is cytotoxic at lower concentrations than e-cigarette liquid, which results in increased apoptosis.
Prolonged exposure to planetary dust could impair airway and lung function and increase the risk of diseases like cancer.
There was a low risk of pneumothorax and catheter misplacement after a ultrasound-guided procedure.
From 2000 to 2015, individuals without insurance or usual care were less likely to have undergone cancer screening.
The American Medical Association urges federal government to regulate e-cigarettes, including a requirement to list nicotine content.
E-cigarette users had significantly higher odds of exposure to second-hand smoke and of consuming alcohol, after adjustments for age, gender, and ethnicity.
Average monthly sales of electronic cigarettes and related products rose 132% from 2012 to 2017.
The FDA aims to support the development of novel inhaled nicotine replacement therapies to combat the public health crisis of tobacco use in the United States.
Pfizer has terminated the ALLOZITHRO trial (N=480) due to this increased risk.
Dual users of conventional cigarettes and electronic cigarettes had the highest prevalence of respiratory symptoms.
Hospitalization risk was also reduced for RA patients who received influenza vaccination.
Reducing the number of computers in surgical intensive care units reduced barriers to communication.
Inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions were highest among urgent care facilities (45.7%), with emergency departments (24.6%), medical offices (17.0%), and retail clinics (14.4%) following.
Over 20 years, a 1-L reduction in alcohol intake was linked to a 3.9% decrease in overall cancer mortality.
Immune priming with seasonal H1N1 viruses earlier in life and egg-adaptation in vaccines can impact antibody responses following influenza vaccination.
Medicare beneficiaries spent more out of pocket for generic medications used to treat cardiovascular disease than patients using standalone prescription drug plans.
Researchers aim to assess the influence of organic solvent exposure on the risk for developing multiple sclerosis.
More than 9 million smokers have attempted to quit because of Tips from Former Smokers Campaign.
Results of a pooled analysis of cross-sectional studies demonstrated an increase in cough, sputum production, wheezing, and dyspnea from marijuana use.
Obesity paradox in type 2 diabetes was pronounced in current smokers and absent in never smokers.
The US Centers for Disease Control offers steps to minimize exposure to wildfire smoke, particularly for those with chronic conditions.
The recall affects approximately 470,000 units that include drugs packaged with 3 to 10 tablets per blister card. The blister packs were developed for use in hospitals, however some were sent to retail pharmacies and were likely dispensed for in-home use.
Lone star tick is most common in the South, but may be spreading to new areas.
The device is indicated for ultrasound echo imaging, measurement, and analysis of the human body for general clinical applications including musculoskeletal, vascular, small parts (breast, thyroid), and lung imaging.
Commission makes 6 recommendations to meet 2030 goals for non-communicable diseases.
Factors that could increase risk for heat-related illnesses include age-related changes to skin as well as heart, lung, and kidney diseases.
About 10 percent of youth report smoking hookah, with smoking mainly occurring in the home environment.
Smoking marijuana seems to be associated with increased risk of cough, sputum production, and wheezing.
Few JUUL-related Twitter posts mention topic of smoking cessation.
Increase in all-cause, cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, kidney disease, suicide, and COPD mortality.
Of the more than 2000 US college campuses with smoke-free policies, 83.7% were tobacco-free and 79.6% and 41% had prohibited electronic cigarette use and hookah smoking, respectively.
Interviews showed some quitters deliberately switch from conventional cigarettes to e-cigarettes while some use both.