The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation has provided treatment updates on various aspects of CPR.
Vaccination for influenza for multiple seasons is twice as effective in preventing severe influenza.
The cancer death rate declined by 1.5% annually from 2006 to 2015 in the United States.
Lung cancer screening based on USPSTF criteria decreased from 2010 to 2015 while risk-targeted screening is associated with modest gains in terms of early lung cancer mortality per person screened.
Few modern, US FDA-approved immuno-oncology agents have durable survival and response rates that are deemed significant by the ASCO value framework.
Preoperative accelerometry can assess cardiopulmonary fitness in patients scheduled for major surgery.
Non-cigarette tobacco use is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking among US adolescents.
Pharmaceutical aids are not effective for increasing long-term smoking cessation.
Individuals taking varenicline for smoking cessation may be at an increased risk of cardiovascular events.
Eating fruits and vegetables may delay decline in lung function, especially in former smokers.
Smoking cessation drug varenicline also reduces heavy drinking., especially in men.
Life expectancy decreased by one-tenth of a year from 2015-2016.
Evaluating the benefits of wearable fitness technology.
Frequent discrepancies between the electronic discharge summaries and the discharge prescriptions were found at a regional hospital in Australia.
Post-discharge symptoms self-reported by frail, elderly adults may predict 30-day hospital readmission visits.
Smoking cessation outcomes improve with abstinence contingent incentives.
Few cases of lung cancer suspected in counties with smoke-free ordinances.
The use of spirometry during infancy or early adulthood may help identify individuals at risk for poor health outcomes
A prospective study evaluated whether chronic exposure to air pollution increased risk for pregnancy loss.
Smokers with asthma have been encouraged to switch from conventional to electronic cigarettes, but the latter may still cause respiratory damage.
Concentrations of black carbon, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter were higher in traffic-polluted areas, and linked to more instances of cough, sputum, and shortness of breath.
A glycoprotein mutation in fertilized chicken eggs may be the cause of the limited effectiveness of the 2016-2017 flu vaccine.
Improvements in cancer survival were limited to patients with private insurance, from 1997-2014.
Obstructive sleep apenea may increase the amyloid burden in cognitively normal older patients.
An estimated 42.0% of all incident cancers and 45.1% of cancer deaths in the United States are attributed to potentially modifiable risk factors.
Individuals who are HIV-positive may be at a higher risk for increased pulmonary pressure and mortality.
Exercise and diet improves asthma control in nonobese patients with asthma.
Prenatal tobacco smoke exposure appears to be associated with airflow obstruction in children who have asthma.
Adolescents who use electronic cigarettes with higher levels of nicotine may progressively increase the frequency and intensity of smoking.
Current use of 2 or more tobacco products was highest among installation, maintenance, and repair workers.
Researchers surveyed knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, barriers, and facilitators related to screening patients for lung cancer.
Prenatal exposure to certain phenols and phthalates may have adverse effects on children's respiratory health.
Mortality rates and changes in mortality rates for chronic respiratory diseases in the United States varied by county, sex, and particular disease type.
Replacing smoking with vaping would result in "substantial" life-year gains.
Early initiation of folic acid or prenatal vitamin supplementation may protect the offspring of mothers who have a history of atopy from adverse childhood respiratory outcomes.
Fewer than half of patients with asthma have received a pneumococcal vaccination.
E-cigarettes that contain nicotine may cause arterial stiffness and increase blood pressure and heart rate.
Even in levels below EPA limits, particulate matter can damage kidneys.
A computer-based alert system does not increase thromboprophylaxis among patients in general medical wards at hospitals.
Patients who underwent lung CT screening had a higher 2-week smoking cessation rate vs patients who did not undergo screening.
Recent research suggests that perioperative and postoperative pulmonary rehabilitation improves outcomes in patients undergoing thoracic surgery.
There is no conclusive evidence to support the use of vaccines for preventing the common cold.
Influenza and pulmonary-related hospitalizations were lower in elderly patients who received the high-dose trivalent influenza vaccine vs the standard dose.
Researchers examined the efficacy of conservative vs liberal fluid management in ARDS on disease mortality.
Incidence of delirium and coma were not prevented with early initiation of simvastatin in patients on mechanical ventilation.
In an effort to reduce nicotine to "non-addictive" levels, the FDA will begin a public dialogue.
Vaccinations include Fluad, Flucelvax Quadrivalent, Afluria Quadrivalent, and Fluvirin,
Pneumonia primarily affects young children, smokers, adults 65 years and older, and people with COPD.
Occupational exposures are a modifiable risk factor for COPD.
When pregnant women are exposed to certain air pollutants, the susceptibility to allergic asthma may increase across generations.
Childhood intelligence scores are associated with lower risk of mortality caused by coronary heart disease, cancers related to smoking, respiratory diseases, digestive diseases, injury, and dementia.
During the 2015-2016 flu season, approximately 59.3% of children and 41.7% of adults received the influenza vaccine.
A large cohort study of critically ill patients with varicella-zoster virus-related community-acquired pneumonia found that significant morbidity and mortality are associated with the disease.
Participating countries agreed to introduce policies including high tobacco taxes and smoke-free public spaces.
Treatment with full-dose angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers was found to slow disease progression in patients with emphysema.
Videotapes of 50 visits were examined to determine whether clinician pursuit of influenza vaccine affected vaccination rates in pediatric patients.
Oxidative stress may play an important role in the development of recurrent wheezing following viral ARIs in infancy.
Molecular point-of-care testing for viruses led to more patients receiving single or brief doses of antibiotics without any evidence of increased harm.
Combination therapy with an inhaled LABA and inhaled corticosteroid did not affect all-cause mortality in patients with COPD compared with inhaled placebo, LABA alone, or corticosterioid alone.
Birth weight and week's gestation of infants at birth are not affected by maternal influenza vaccination during any trimester of pregnancy.
Researchers evaluated whether administering double-dose IIV4 to children younger than 3 years of age improved protection against influenza B without increasing adverse events in a phase 3 trial.
The live attenuated influenza vaccine, LAIV, is safe in children under 2 with underlying medical conditions.
The American Heart Association panel found that sleep disorders are associated with adverse cardiometabolic risk profiles and outcomes.
Smoking correlated with increased measures of left ventricular mass and worsening diastolic function.
Although patients in the CPAP group experienced improvements in quality of life, the therapy had no significant effects on the composite end point of death from any cardiovascular cause, MI, stroke, or hospitalization for various cardiovascular events.
he average cost of health care for smokers was $64,041 compared to $45,918 for nonsmokers, based on the data from the one-year follow-up period.