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The Unintended Consequences of Cigarette Taxation

The Unintended Consequences of Cigarette Taxation

Although cigarette taxes were supposedly implemented to encourage smokers to quit, they can have a disproportionate effect on people of low-income status.

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COPD Risk From Secondhand Smoke May Be Linked With Lung Volume Variations

COPD Risk From Secondhand Smoke May Be Linked With Lung Volume Variations

The inclusion of residual volume-to-total lung capacity ratio may add another dimension to COPD not routinely captured by standard airflow indices that could be predictive of lower maximum exercise capacity.

USPSTF Does Not Recommend Electrocardiography Screening in Low-Risk CVD

USPSTF Does Not Recommend Electrocardiography Screening in Low-Risk CVD

The United States Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend screening with resting or exercise electrocardiography in asymptomatic individuals at low risk for cardiovascular disease events.

2011 to 2017 Saw Decline in Youth Use of Any Tobacco Products

2011 to 2017 Saw Decline in Youth Use of Any Tobacco Products

Electronic cigarettes was the most commonly used tobacco product in high and middle school students in 2017.

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

AAFP Joins Call on FDA to Reduce Nicotine Content in Cigarettes

The American Academy of Family Physicians and other signatories called on FDA to apply the proposal to other combustible tobacco products.

New Assays May Detect Early Lung Cancer in Blood

New Assays May Detect Early Lung Cancer in Blood

Targeted sequencing, whole-genome sequencing, and whole-genome bisulfite sequencing showed potential for detecting lung cancer.

Indeterminate Pulmonary Nodules Characterized by CT-Based Radiomic Classifier

Indeterminate Pulmonary Nodules Characterized by CT-Based Radiomic Classifier

A total of 8 quantitative radiologic features were used to characterize indeterminate screen-detected lung nodules.

Factors Associated With Stronger Nicotine Dependence in Adolescent E-Cigarette Users

Factors Associated With Stronger Nicotine Dependence in Adolescent E-Cigarette Users

In adolescent e-cigarette users, stronger nicotine dependence was associated with being in a higher grade in school, vaping at an earlier age, vaping more frequently, and the use of higher nicotine concentrations.

Relationship Between Smoking Behaviors and BMI, Waist Circumference, Adiposity

Relationship Between Smoking Behaviors and BMI, Waist Circumference, Adiposity

Body mass index and body fat distribution may influence smoking behaviors.

Delaying Lactate Draws in Sepsis Increases In-Hospital Death Risk

Delaying Lactate Draws in Sepsis Increases In-Hospital Death Risk

Systematic early lactate measurements speed antibiotic administration and improve outcomes in patients with sepsis.

Mediterranean Diet May Lessen Adverse Effect of Air Pollution

Mediterranean Diet May Lessen Adverse Effect of Air Pollution

Adherence to Mediterranean diet may attenuate association of nitrous oxide with all-cause mortality.

Financial Incentives May Increase Rates of Smoker Abstinence

Financial Incentives May Increase Rates of Smoker Abstinence

Redeemable deposits and rewards were superior to free smoking cessation aids with respect to sustained abstinence.

E-Cigarette Flavoring Agent May Impair Airway Defense System

E-Cigarette Flavoring Agent May Impair Airway Defense System

Flavoring commonly used in e-cigarettes suppresses cilia beat frequency, lasting for 60 minutes.

Higher Adiposity Increases Odds of Smoking

Higher Adiposity Increases Odds of Smoking

Obesity may be linked with an increased risk of smoking as well as an increase in the number of cigarettes smoked per day.

Marijuana Smoking Associated With Rapid Decline in FEV1 for Older Adults

Marijuana Smoking Associated With Rapid Decline in FEV1 for Older Adults

Researchers examined the relationship between smoking marijuana and the decline in FEV1 in adults aged 40 years and older.

Maternal Exposure to Polluted Air Tied to Elevated Child BP

Maternal Exposure to Polluted Air Tied to Elevated Child BP

Overall, there was a 1.61-fold increase in risk for elevated blood pressure in children with highest vs lowest tertile of PM2.5.

Child Secondhand Pot, Tobacco Exposure Increases ED Visit Risk

Child Secondhand Pot, Tobacco Exposure Increases ED Visit Risk

Children with exposure to secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke have an increased rate of emergency department visits.

Early Readmissions More Preventable Than Later Ones

Early Readmissions More Preventable Than Later Ones

General medicine readmissions within 7 days were more amendable to hospital-based interventions.

The Unintended Consequences of Cigarette Taxation

The Unintended Consequences of Cigarette Taxation

Although cigarette taxes were supposedly implemented to encourage smokers to quit, they can have a disproportionate effect on people of low-income status.

Flu Vaccines Have High Impact, Even With Relatively Low Efficacy

Flu Vaccines Have High Impact, Even With Relatively Low Efficacy

A high impact was seen, especially when the vaccine uptake was optimally distributed across age groups.

Liquid Nicotine Exposure in Children Declining, But Still a Threat

Liquid Nicotine Exposure in Children Declining, But Still a Threat

The rate of liquid nicotine exposure in children younger than 6 years of age has declined since 2015, but it continues to pose a serious poisoning risk.

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