The inclusion of residual volume-to-total lung capacity ratio may add another dimension to COPD not routinely captured by standard airflow indices that could be predictive of lower maximum exercise capacity.
The United States Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend screening with resting or exercise electrocardiography in asymptomatic individuals at low risk for cardiovascular disease events.
Electronic cigarettes was the most commonly used tobacco product in high and middle school students in 2017.
The American Academy of Family Physicians and other signatories called on FDA to apply the proposal to other combustible tobacco products.
Targeted sequencing, whole-genome sequencing, and whole-genome bisulfite sequencing showed potential for detecting lung cancer.
A total of 8 quantitative radiologic features were used to characterize indeterminate screen-detected lung nodules.
In adolescent e-cigarette users, stronger nicotine dependence was associated with being in a higher grade in school, vaping at an earlier age, vaping more frequently, and the use of higher nicotine concentrations.
Body mass index and body fat distribution may influence smoking behaviors.
Systematic early lactate measurements speed antibiotic administration and improve outcomes in patients with sepsis.
Adherence to Mediterranean diet may attenuate association of nitrous oxide with all-cause mortality.
Redeemable deposits and rewards were superior to free smoking cessation aids with respect to sustained abstinence.
Flavoring commonly used in e-cigarettes suppresses cilia beat frequency, lasting for 60 minutes.
Obesity may be linked with an increased risk of smoking as well as an increase in the number of cigarettes smoked per day.
Researchers examined the relationship between smoking marijuana and the decline in FEV1 in adults aged 40 years and older.
Overall, there was a 1.61-fold increase in risk for elevated blood pressure in children with highest vs lowest tertile of PM2.5.
Children with exposure to secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke have an increased rate of emergency department visits.
General medicine readmissions within 7 days were more amendable to hospital-based interventions.
Although cigarette taxes were supposedly implemented to encourage smokers to quit, they can have a disproportionate effect on people of low-income status.
A high impact was seen, especially when the vaccine uptake was optimally distributed across age groups.
The rate of liquid nicotine exposure in children younger than 6 years of age has declined since 2015, but it continues to pose a serious poisoning risk.