Children who were born preterm had an increased likelihood of developing impaired lung function compared with healthy term children.
In men younger than 50, the more cigarettes smoked linked to increased risk for ischemic stroke.
A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.
In a study of hospitalized smokers who planned to quit smoking post-discharge, users of e-cigarettes were not as likely as nonusers to refrain from using tobacco at 6 months. However, e-cigarette use in the study population was irregular; further research is necessary to study whether regular e-cigarette use helps or hampers efforts to quit smoking.
Current smoking linked to higher mean left ventricular mass index and lower mean left ventricular circumferential strain.
More average life years gained from cessation and more treatment costs averted for the poorest 20%.
There was an increased risk for all-cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular emergency department visits, especially in individuals older than 65.
Early intervention in the case of respiratory compromise in patients with multiple sclerosis has the potential to prevent infection and maintain pulmonary function.
Majority of patients say they want to know about even minor consequences of cancer drug substitutions.
Although 16.2% of small employers used tobacco surcharges, 47% of those did not offer tobacco cessation counseling.
Researchers found stronger negative associations for participants with polypharmacy between the ages of 60 and 64 years and at 69 years.
Although varenicline was effective for short-term smoking cessation, more than half of the patients in the EVITA trial relapsed after 1 year.
Enrollees have more chronic conditions and health care use vs other privately insured individuals.
Researchers found increased myocardial infarction rates during the week after Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza infections.
Researchers observed a strong linear pattern between smoking status and dietary energy density in current smokers.
Findings for subsequent allergic disease following infant exposure in the first six months of life.
Researchers assessed the relationship between prevention of RSV in preterm infants and the frequency of subsequent wheeze in childhood.
Higher serum bactericidal activity following immunization with PRP-CRM197 reflected superior short-term and long-term seroprotective effects compared with immunization with PRP-T.
For adolescents, receptivity was highest for e-cigarette ads and was linked to trying cigarettes.
The more chemicals in e-liquid, the more toxic it is likely to be; in addition, vanillin tied to higher toxicity.