Overall, there was a 1.61-fold increase in risk for elevated blood pressure in children with highest vs lowest tertile of PM2.5.
Children with exposure to secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke have an increased rate of emergency department visits.
General medicine readmissions within 7 days were more amendable to hospital-based interventions.
Although cigarette taxes were supposedly implemented to encourage smokers to quit, they can have a disproportionate effect on people of low-income status.
A high impact was seen, especially when the vaccine uptake was optimally distributed across age groups.
The rate of liquid nicotine exposure in children younger than 6 years of age has declined since 2015, but it continues to pose a serious poisoning risk.
Decline was observed in race-based disparities in years of life lost in the United States from 1990 to 2014.
April 28, 2018 is National Prescription Drug Take Back Day.
There were no observable differences in the incidence of any cardiovascular events across the smoking cessation treatment groups.
Stronger correlation was seen between electronic cigarette use and marijuana in younger adolescents, aged 12 to 14 years, than for older teens.
In a wide ranging statement, the FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, specifically targets novel nicotine-delivery products as being problematic since many of these devices resemble USB flash drives, have high nicotine levels and have emissions that are hard to see.
This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.
Children who were born preterm had an increased likelihood of developing impaired lung function compared with healthy term children.
In men younger than 50, the more cigarettes smoked linked to increased risk for ischemic stroke.
A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.
In a study of hospitalized smokers who planned to quit smoking post-discharge, users of e-cigarettes were not as likely as nonusers to refrain from using tobacco at 6 months. However, e-cigarette use in the study population was irregular; further research is necessary to study whether regular e-cigarette use helps or hampers efforts to quit smoking.
Current smoking linked to higher mean left ventricular mass index and lower mean left ventricular circumferential strain.
More average life years gained from cessation and more treatment costs averted for the poorest 20%.
There was an increased risk for all-cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular emergency department visits, especially in individuals older than 65.
Early intervention in the case of respiratory compromise in patients with multiple sclerosis has the potential to prevent infection and maintain pulmonary function.
Majority of patients say they want to know about even minor consequences of cancer drug substitutions.
Although 16.2% of small employers used tobacco surcharges, 47% of those did not offer tobacco cessation counseling.
Researchers found stronger negative associations for participants with polypharmacy between the ages of 60 and 64 years and at 69 years.
Although varenicline was effective for short-term smoking cessation, more than half of the patients in the EVITA trial relapsed after 1 year.
Enrollees have more chronic conditions and health care use vs other privately insured individuals.
Researchers observed a strong linear pattern between smoking status and dietary energy density in current smokers.
Researchers found increased myocardial infarction rates during the week after Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza infections.
Findings for subsequent allergic disease following infant exposure in the first six months of life.
Higher serum bactericidal activity following immunization with PRP-CRM197 reflected superior short-term and long-term seroprotective effects compared with immunization with PRP-T.
Researchers assessed the relationship between prevention of RSV in preterm infants and the frequency of subsequent wheeze in childhood.