Prevention

Maternal Exposure to Polluted Air Tied to Elevated Child BP

Maternal Exposure to Polluted Air Tied to Elevated Child BP

Overall, there was a 1.61-fold increase in risk for elevated blood pressure in children with highest vs lowest tertile of PM2.5.

Child Secondhand Pot, Tobacco Exposure Increases ED Visit Risk

Child Secondhand Pot, Tobacco Exposure Increases ED Visit Risk

Children with exposure to secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke have an increased rate of emergency department visits.

Early Readmissions More Preventable Than Later Ones

Early Readmissions More Preventable Than Later Ones

General medicine readmissions within 7 days were more amendable to hospital-based interventions.

The Unintended Consequences of Cigarette Taxation

The Unintended Consequences of Cigarette Taxation

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Although cigarette taxes were supposedly implemented to encourage smokers to quit, they can have a disproportionate effect on people of low-income status.

Flu Vaccines Have High Impact, Even With Relatively Low Efficacy

Flu Vaccines Have High Impact, Even With Relatively Low Efficacy

A high impact was seen, especially when the vaccine uptake was optimally distributed across age groups.

Liquid Nicotine Exposure in Children Declining, But Still a Threat

Liquid Nicotine Exposure in Children Declining, But Still a Threat

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The rate of liquid nicotine exposure in children younger than 6 years of age has declined since 2015, but it continues to pose a serious poisoning risk.

Improvement in Race-Based Disparities in Years of Life Lost

Improvement in Race-Based Disparities in Years of Life Lost

Decline was observed in race-based disparities in years of life lost in the United States from 1990 to 2014.

April 28 Is Drug Take Back Day

April 28 Is Drug Take Back Day

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April 28, 2018 is National Prescription Drug Take Back Day.

Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapies May Not Increase MACE

Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapies May Not Increase MACE

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There were no observable differences in the incidence of any cardiovascular events across the smoking cessation treatment groups.

E-Cigarette Use Tied to Subsequent Marijuana Use in Teens

E-Cigarette Use Tied to Subsequent Marijuana Use in Teens

Stronger correlation was seen between electronic cigarette use and marijuana in younger adolescents, aged 12 to 14 years, than for older teens.

FDA Announces New Initiative Aimed at Stopping Youth Use of E-Cigarettes

FDA Announces New Initiative Aimed at Stopping Youth Use of E-Cigarettes

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In a wide ranging statement, the FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, specifically targets novel nicotine-delivery products as being problematic since many of these devices resemble USB flash drives, have high nicotine levels and have emissions that are hard to see.

ACOG: Updated Recommendations for Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy

ACOG: Updated Recommendations for Influenza Vaccination During Pregnancy

This updated Committee Opinion includes more recent data on the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccination during pregnancy, as well as recommendations for treatment and postexposure chemoprophylaxis.

Decreased Lung Function More Prevalent in Preterm Born Children

Decreased Lung Function More Prevalent in Preterm Born Children

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Children who were born preterm had an increased likelihood of developing impaired lung function compared with healthy term children.

Number of Cigarettes Smoked Daily Tied to Stroke Risk

Number of Cigarettes Smoked Daily Tied to Stroke Risk

In men younger than 50, the more cigarettes smoked linked to increased risk for ischemic stroke.

COPD Risk in Middle-Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Measles

COPD Risk in Middle-Age: The 3-Way Interaction of Asthma, Smoking, and Measles

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A childhood measles infection may increase the risk for post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction in middle-age adults via its interaction with asthma and smoking.

E-cigarette use may hamper smoking cessation for smokers planning to quit post-hospitalization

In a study of hospitalized smokers who planned to quit smoking post-discharge, users of e-cigarettes were not as likely as nonusers to refrain from using tobacco at 6 months. However, e-cigarette use in the study population was irregular; further research is necessary to study whether regular e-cigarette use helps or hampers efforts to quit smoking.

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

Current smoking linked to higher mean left ventricular mass index and lower mean left ventricular circumferential strain.

Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

More average life years gained from cessation and more treatment costs averted for the poorest 20%.

Wildfire Smoke Exposure Tied to Higher CV, Cerebrovascular ER Visits

Wildfire Smoke Exposure Tied to Higher CV, Cerebrovascular ER Visits

There was an increased risk for all-cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular emergency department visits, especially in individuals older than 65.

Respiratory Muscle Training in Multiple Sclerosis: Assessing the Evidence

Respiratory Muscle Training in Multiple Sclerosis: Assessing the Evidence

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Early intervention in the case of respiratory compromise in patients with multiple sclerosis has the potential to prevent infection and maintain pulmonary function.

Most Patients Are Unaware of Cancer Drug Shortages

Most Patients Are Unaware of Cancer Drug Shortages

Majority of patients say they want to know about even minor consequences of cancer drug substitutions.

Small Employers Do Not Often Provide Tobacco Cessation Help

Small Employers Do Not Often Provide Tobacco Cessation Help

Although 16.2% of small employers used tobacco surcharges, 47% of those did not offer tobacco cessation counseling.

Polypharmacy Linked to Poorer Cognitive, Physical Capability

Polypharmacy Linked to Poorer Cognitive, Physical Capability

Researchers found stronger negative associations for participants with polypharmacy between the ages of 60 and 64 years and at 69 years.

Smoking Cessation Rates in Acute Coronary Syndrome With Varenicline

Smoking Cessation Rates in Acute Coronary Syndrome With Varenicline

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Although varenicline was effective for short-term smoking cessation, more than half of the patients in the EVITA trial relapsed after 1 year.

ACA Marketplaces Expand Coverage for Chronically Ill

ACA Marketplaces Expand Coverage for Chronically Ill

Enrollees have more chronic conditions and health care use vs other privately insured individuals.

Smokers Have Lower Quality Diets vs Former and Nonsmokers

Smokers Have Lower Quality Diets vs Former and Nonsmokers

Researchers observed a strong linear pattern between smoking status and dietary energy density in current smokers.

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

Pneumonia and Influenza May Trigger Acute MI, Stroke

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Researchers found increased myocardial infarction rates during the week after Streptococcus pneumoniae and influenza infections.

Antibiotics, Acid-Suppressive Meds Tied to Allergic Disease

Antibiotics, Acid-Suppressive Meds Tied to Allergic Disease

Findings for subsequent allergic disease following infant exposure in the first six months of life.

Prevention of Vaccine Failure in <i>Haemophilus influenzae</i> Type B Vaccines

Prevention of Vaccine Failure in Haemophilus influenzae Type B Vaccines

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Higher serum bactericidal activity following immunization with PRP-CRM197 reflected superior short-term and long-term seroprotective effects compared with immunization with PRP-T.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention and Asthma in Preterm Infants

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention and Asthma in Preterm Infants

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Researchers assessed the relationship between prevention of RSV in preterm infants and the frequency of subsequent wheeze in childhood.

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