Prevention

Exercise May Improve Quality of Life in Lung Cancer

Exercise May Improve Quality of Life in Lung Cancer

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Study examines increased physical activity may lower the risk for several cancers and may be beneficial for improving quality of life.

A 67-Year-Old Man Living Near Wildfires Presents for Yearly Wellness Visit

A 67-Year-Old Man Living Near Wildfires Presents for Yearly Wellness Visit

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A 67-year-old man presents for his yearly wellness visit and reports some shortness of breath since the Sonoma-Napa wildfires but otherwise feels well.

Perceived Harm of E-Cigarettes Decreases Use in Teenagers

Perceived Harm of E-Cigarettes Decreases Use in Teenagers

The researchers found that greater perception of harm from e-cigarettes was associated with lower odds of susceptibility to using e-cigarettes and current use of e-cigarettes.

Maternal, Early Childhood Consumption of Sugary Drinks Linked to Asthma

Maternal, Early Childhood Consumption of Sugary Drinks Linked to Asthma

Maternal prenatal and early childhood intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and fructose is associated with current asthma in midchildhood.

2018 Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Released

2018 Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Released

The recommended childhood and adolescent immunization schedule for the United States has been issued for 2018.

Lung Cancer Screening: Updated Guidelines From CHEST

Lung Cancer Screening: Updated Guidelines From CHEST

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A CHEST expert panel has released updated guidelines for lung cancer screening.

Respiratory Symptoms in Young Adults: Prognostic Value for Later Lung Function?

Respiratory Symptoms in Young Adults: Prognostic Value for Later Lung Function?

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Respiratory symptoms that develop between the ages of 18 and 30 may hold prognostic value for later decline in lung function.

Surgical Monitoring in Chronic Lung Disease Using Biodegradable Sensors

Surgical Monitoring in Chronic Lung Disease Using Biodegradable Sensors

A new biodegradable pressure sensor device may make monitoring patients with chronic lung disease easier during surgery.

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Characteristics Associated With Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing

Patient, practice, and provider characteristics are associated with inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing in the outpatient setting.

Lung Cancer Postoperative Complications Reduced With Preoperative Exercise

Lung Cancer Postoperative Complications Reduced With Preoperative Exercise

Patients who underwent lung resections had reduced postoperative complication rates when they participated in preoperative exercise.

Reducing Postoperative Respiratory Complications Through Physiotherapy

Reducing Postoperative Respiratory Complications Through Physiotherapy

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The preoperative physiotherapy intervention cut the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications by 50%.

Influenza May Increase Risk for Acute Myocardial Infarction

Influenza May Increase Risk for Acute Myocardial Infarction

Influenza increased the risk for acute myocardial infarction within 1 year before and 1 year after the infection.

Cardiopulmonary Bypass: First-Ever Anticoagulation Guidelines Released

Cardiopulmonary Bypass: First-Ever Anticoagulation Guidelines Released

Clinical practice guidelines for anticoagulation therapy for cardiopulmonary bypass has been released.

Sleep Duration Trends in US Adults: 2003-2016

Sleep Duration Trends in US Adults: 2003-2016

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A new 14-year analysis indicate that adults are getting more sleep each night despite the prevalence of sleep duration among Americans.

Detection of respiratory viruses in febrile infants suggests lower risk of bacterial infection

Respiratory viruses were identified in 55% of febrile infants; those older than 28 days had a lower risk of bacterial infection when they tested positive for a respiratory virus.

Influenza Vaccination Rates May Increase With Reminder, Recall Systems

Influenza Vaccination Rates May Increase With Reminder, Recall Systems

Patient reminder and recall systems seem to be effective for improving receipt of immunizations.

Tobacco Product Use in Veterans

Tobacco Product Use in Veterans

Overall, 29.2% of veterans report current use of 1 of 5 tobacco products.

Overcoming Challenges to Create a Universal Influenza Vaccine

Overcoming Challenges to Create a Universal Influenza Vaccine

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Researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases are working to develop a universal influenza vaccine.

Lack of Communication Regarding Malignancy Risk in Indeterminate Pulmonary Nodules

Lack of Communication Regarding Malignancy Risk in Indeterminate Pulmonary Nodules

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Qualitative risk statements of malignancy for indeterminate pulmonary nodules are imprecise, highly variable, and should be replaced by a standard scale.

International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation: Updated Treatment Consensus for CPR

International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation: Updated Treatment Consensus for CPR

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The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation has provided treatment updates on various aspects of CPR.

Repeated Vaccinations May Prevent Severe Influenza Infection

Repeated Vaccinations May Prevent Severe Influenza Infection

Vaccination for influenza for multiple seasons is twice as effective in preventing severe influenza.

Current Cancer Death Rates in the United States

Current Cancer Death Rates in the United States

The cancer death rate declined by 1.5% annually from 2006 to 2015 in the United States.

Lung Cancer Screening by CT Scan: Risk-Based vs USPSTF Criteria

Lung Cancer Screening by CT Scan: Risk-Based vs USPSTF Criteria

Lung cancer screening based on USPSTF criteria decreased from 2010 to 2015 while risk-targeted screening is associated with modest gains in terms of early lung cancer mortality per person screened.

Measuring Immuno-Oncology Agents Against Cancer Care Framework

Measuring Immuno-Oncology Agents Against Cancer Care Framework

Few modern, US FDA-approved immuno-oncology agents have durable survival and response rates that are deemed significant by the ASCO value framework.

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing May Be Supplemented by Preop Accelerometry

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing May Be Supplemented by Preop Accelerometry

Preoperative accelerometry can assess cardiopulmonary fitness in patients scheduled for major surgery.

Noncigarette Tobacco Products May Increase Teens' Risk of Smoking Cigarettes

Noncigarette Tobacco Products May Increase Teens' Risk of Smoking Cigarettes

Non-cigarette tobacco use is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking among US adolescents.

Long-Term Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation With Pharmaceutical Aids

Long-Term Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation With Pharmaceutical Aids

Pharmaceutical aids are not effective for increasing long-term smoking cessation.

Smoking Cessation Drug May Increase Cardiovascular Event Risk

Smoking Cessation Drug May Increase Cardiovascular Event Risk

Individuals taking varenicline for smoking cessation may be at an increased risk of cardiovascular events.

Preserving Lung Function With Dietary Antioxidants

Preserving Lung Function With Dietary Antioxidants

Eating fruits and vegetables may delay decline in lung function, especially in former smokers.

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