Translational research has increased the understanding of the mechanisms of ventilator-induced lung injury.
A randomized trial sought to determine whether the use of titrated positive end-expiratory pressure influenced the 28-day mortality risk in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Lung disease experts Athol Wells, MD, and Joshua Mooney, MD, MS, debate the diagnostic value of bronchoalveolar lavage in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Treatments for acute respiratory distress syndrome that have less evidence to support their use have been overused by clinicians.
Clustering patients with interstitial lung disease independently predicted progression-free and transplant-free survival.
Mortality rates and changes in mortality rates for chronic respiratory diseases in the United States varied by county, sex, and particular disease type.
The European Respiratory Society and American Thoracic Society have released updated guidelines on the use of noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure.
Depression and anxiety may affect quality of life for patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
A low tidal volume ventilation strategy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome demonstrated a trend toward improved mortality.
Researchers examined the efficacy of conservative vs liberal fluid management in ARDS on disease mortality.
Most patients with sarcoidosis have a good prognosis, but age, extensive fibrosis, and pulmonary hypertension are associated with an increase in mortality.
Azithromycin may be an effective treatment option for acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Mechanical ventilation does not improve outcomes in IPF patients, lengthens hospital stays, and increases costs.
Fractional exhaled nitric oxide levels directly correlated to subclinical pulmonary disease activity in children with systemic lupus erythematosus.
More than 300,000 individual ICU stays were examined to determine the benefit of ICU volume related to ARDS outcomes.
One year after hospital discharge, high rates of acute respiratory distress survivors are jobless.
Right-sided abdominal pain, vomitting, fever, and mild diarrhea were all present in a 66-year-old woman with a history of sarcoidosis and hypertension.
Abnormal chest radiographs were noted in patients with active uveitis of unknown origin.
The idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis algorithm has a sensitivity of 55.6% and positive predictive value of 42.2%.
Data from 150 patients suggested that lung diffusion capacity is the most relevant predictive factor for reduced 6-minute walk distance in SAPH.
Computed tomography-derived pulmonary artery-to-aorta ratio can predict pulmonary artery pressure and survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Researchers examined nearly 3000 men and women to determine the relationship between restrictive spirometry pattern, reduced FVC, and arterial stiffness.
Researchers found a significant association with declining forced vital capacity and diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide with ICOS and CD28.
Researchers examined data from 4 cohort studies to assess the risk of all-cause mortality associated with interstitial lung abnormalities.