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Prophylactic Azithromycin Beneficial in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Prophylactic Azithromycin Beneficial in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Prophylactic azithromycin may reduce hospital stays and the need for rescue antibiotics in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Pediatric ARDS Identification, Stratification With PALICC Definition

Pediatric ARDS Identification, Stratification With PALICC Definition

Using the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference definition of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome identifies more patients with the condition than the Berlin definition.

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Prognosis by Phenotype

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Prognosis by Phenotype

Compared with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, nonhoneycomb hypersensitivity pneumonitis phenotypes are associated with greater improvements in percent-predicted forced vital capacity.

Cholestenoic Acid: A Potential Biomarker for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Cholestenoic Acid: A Potential Biomarker for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Cholestenoic acid may represent a unique and clinically important biomarker for acute respiratory distress syndrome.

High-Resolution CT Useful in Systemic Sclerosis-Associated ILD Screening

High-Resolution CT Useful in Systemic Sclerosis-Associated ILD Screening

Clinicians should incorporate chest high-resolution computed tomography when screening patients with systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease even when pulmonary function tests results are normal.

Radiography Still Common in Pediatric Bronchiolitis Despite AAP Guidelines

Radiography Still Common in Pediatric Bronchiolitis Despite AAP Guidelines

Despite recommendations made by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the use of radiography in pediatric bronchiolitis has not decreased.

High IL-18 Levels Associated With Interstitial Lung Disease in RA

High IL-18 Levels Associated With Interstitial Lung Disease in RA

Researchers investigated whether increased IL-18 levels were associated with interstitial lung disease in rheumatoid arthritis.

Case: Severe ARDS Following Hydrochlorothiazide Administration

Case: Severe ARDS Following Hydrochlorothiazide Administration

A recent report published in The Journal of Emergency Medicine describes the case of a male patient who experienced HCTZ-induced pulmonary edema that was complicated by ARDS.

Measuring Physical Activity Levels in Fibrotic Interstitial Lung Disease

Measuring Physical Activity Levels in Fibrotic Interstitial Lung Disease

The International Physical Activity Questionnaire long form is considered valid and consistent for measuring levels of physical activity in patients with fibrotic interstitial lung disease.

Early Oseltamivir Use Linked to Clinical Benefits in Influenza Complicating ARDS

Early Oseltamivir Use Linked to Clinical Benefits in Influenza Complicating ARDS

Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and confirmed influenza diagnosis treated ≤6 hours with oseltamivir had reduced length of hospital stay and a lower rate of mortality.

Trends in Sarcoidosis-Related Hospitalizations in the United States

Trends in Sarcoidosis-Related Hospitalizations in the United States

Blacks experience a significantly higher rate of sarcoidosis-associated hospitalizations compared with whites.

COPD, ILD Do Not Benefit More From Bilateral Transplantation Only Listing

COPD, ILD Do Not Benefit More From Bilateral Transplantation Only Listing

No meaningful associations were detected in procedural listing preferences and survival outcomes in patients with COPD or interstitial lung disease awaiting lung transplant.

Ambulatory Oxygen Improves Interstitial Lung Disease Quality of Life

Ambulatory Oxygen Improves Interstitial Lung Disease Quality of Life

Health-related quality of life and isolated exertional hypoxia in patients with interstitial lung disease may be improved by the use of ambulatory oxygen.

Ofev Shown to Slow Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Progression Long-Term

Ofev Shown to Slow Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Progression Long-Term

The primary objective was to characterize the long-term safety and tolerability of Ofev in patients with IPF; efficacy endpoints included annual rate of decline in forced vital capacity (FVC) calculated over 192 weeks.

No Benefit From Nintedanib Plus Sildenafil in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

No Benefit From Nintedanib Plus Sildenafil in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Nintedanib plus sildenafil did not improve St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire scores in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Factors Predictive of Escalated Care in Infant Bronchiolitis

Factors Predictive of Escalated Care in Infant Bronchiolitis

Factors predictive of escalated care in infant bronchiolitis include oxygen saturation <90%, nasal flaring/grunting, apnea, retractions, and age 2 months or younger.

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis and GERD: An Unclear Connection

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis and GERD: An Unclear Connection

Although gastroesophageal reflux disease and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis may be related, the association between the 2 disorders is most likely confounded by smoking.

FDA Fast-Tracks Pamrevlumab for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

FDA Fast-Tracks Pamrevlumab for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

The FDA's designation was based on data from a Phase 2 placebo-controlled trial that demonstrated pamrevlumab could potentially address an unmet medical need for this condition.

Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery for Treating Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery for Treating Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Laparoscopic antireflux surgery was safe and well tolerated in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and abnormal acid gastroesophageal reflux.

Interstitial Lung Disease Diagnosis Improved Using Rheumatologic Assessment

Interstitial Lung Disease Diagnosis Improved Using Rheumatologic Assessment

Adding routine rheumatologic assessments to interstitial lung disease diagnosis could reduce the need for invasive procedures and improve diagnostic accuracy.

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