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Nebulized Hypertonic Saline vs Normal Saline in Infants With Acute Bronchiolitis

Nebulized Hypertonic Saline vs Normal Saline in Infants With Acute Bronchiolitis

Nebulized hypertonic saline may decrease length of hospital stay and improve clinical severity scores in infants with acute bronchiolitis.

Thyroid hormone supplementation may be a promising treatment for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis [PreClinical]

An enzyme involved in thyroid hormone activation was found to be elevated in patients with pulmonary fibrosis.

Improving Prognosis in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension

Improving Prognosis in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension

Bosentan may benefit a subset of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis-associated pulmonary hypertension.

A 67-Year-Old Woman With Hypertension, Diabetes Presents With Shortness of Breath

A 67-Year-Old Woman With Hypertension, Diabetes Presents With Shortness of Breath

After being treated for pyelonephritis and discharged to a nursing facility, a 67-year-old woman presents to the emergency department with shortness of breath.

Comparing Treatments for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Comparing Treatments for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

In patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, cisatracurium does not improve mortality when compared with vecuronium, but is associated with improvements in other outcomes.

Chronic Lung Disease Research in the Pipeline: An Interview With Augustine M.K. Choi, MD

Chronic Lung Disease Research in the Pipeline: An Interview With Augustine M.K. Choi, MD

Pulmonology Advisor sits down with Augustine M.K. Choi, MD, Stephen and Suzanne Weiss Dean of Weill Cornell Medicine to discuss the latest topics in pulmonary medicine.

Examining the Efficacy of Carbon Monoxide Therapy in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: An Interview With Augustine M.K. Choi, MD

Examining the Efficacy of Carbon Monoxide Therapy in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: An Interview With Augustine M.K. Choi, MD

Pulmonology Advisor sits down with Augustine M.K. Choi, MD, Stephen and Suzanne Weiss Dean of Weill Cornell Medicine to discuss the latest topics in pulmonary medicine.

Identifying New Therapeutics for Pulmonary Diseases: An Interview With Augustine M.K. Choi, MD

Identifying New Therapeutics for Pulmonary Diseases: An Interview With Augustine M.K. Choi, MD

Pulmonology Advisor sits down with Augustine M.K. Choi, MD of Stephen and Suzanne Weiss Dean of Weill Cornell Medicine to discuss the latest topics in pulmonary medicine.

Overview of Autophagy Research in COPD: An Interview With Augustine M.K. Choi, MD

Overview of Autophagy Research in COPD: An Interview With Augustine M.K. Choi, MD

Pulmonology Advisor sits down with Augustine M.K. Choi, MD, Stephen and Suzanne Weiss Dean of Weill Cornell Medicine to discuss the latest topics in pulmonary medicine.

Bronchiolitis Treatment in Infants Varies by Hospital

Bronchiolitis Treatment in Infants Varies by Hospital

The use of evidence-based supportive therapies varies by hospital site for infants with bronchiolitis,

Smoking Affects Lung Microbiota, ARDS Risk in Trauma Patients

Smoking Affects Lung Microbiota, ARDS Risk in Trauma Patients

A significant enrichment of potential pathogens occurred in patients who smoked and who were admitted to the hospital for severe trauma.

Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Translational research has increased the understanding of the mechanisms of ventilator-induced lung injury.

Lung Recruitment Maneuver With Titrated PEEP Increases Mortality in Moderate to Severe ARDS

Lung Recruitment Maneuver With Titrated PEEP Increases Mortality in Moderate to Severe ARDS

A randomized trial sought to determine whether the use of titrated positive end-expiratory pressure influenced the 28-day mortality risk in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Bronchoalveolar Lavage for Diagnosis of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Point/Counterpoint

Bronchoalveolar Lavage for Diagnosis of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Point/Counterpoint

Lung disease experts Athol Wells, MD, and Joshua Mooney, MD, MS, debate the diagnostic value of bronchoalveolar lavage in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Refractory Hypoxemia: Selecting Evidence-Based Treatments

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Refractory Hypoxemia: Selecting Evidence-Based Treatments

Treatments for acute respiratory distress syndrome that have less evidence to support their use have been overused by clinicians.

Distinct Clinical Phenotypes in Interstitial Lung Disease May Better Predict Outcomes

Distinct Clinical Phenotypes in Interstitial Lung Disease May Better Predict Outcomes

Clustering patients with interstitial lung disease independently predicted progression-free and transplant-free survival.

Chronic Respiratory Disease Mortality Rates Increase From 1980 to 2014

Chronic Respiratory Disease Mortality Rates Increase From 1980 to 2014

Mortality rates and changes in mortality rates for chronic respiratory diseases in the United States varied by county, sex, and particular disease type.

Updated Guidelines for Noninvasive Ventilation in Acute Respiratory Failure

Updated Guidelines for Noninvasive Ventilation in Acute Respiratory Failure

The European Respiratory Society and American Thoracic Society have released updated guidelines on the use of noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure.

Low Tidal Volume Strategy in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Low Tidal Volume Strategy in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

A low tidal volume ventilation strategy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome demonstrated a trend toward improved mortality.

Effect of Conservative Fluid Management on Mortality in ARDS Patients

Effect of Conservative Fluid Management on Mortality in ARDS Patients

Researchers examined the efficacy of conservative vs liberal fluid management in ARDS on disease mortality.

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