Restrictive Lung Disease

Migraine a Common Comorbidity in Individuals With Sarcoidosis

Migraine a Common Comorbidity in Individuals With Sarcoidosis

The frequency of migraine and sarcoidosis comorbidity was examined in a cohort study.

Expert Consensus on Chronic Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Diagnostic Criteria

Expert Consensus on Chronic Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Diagnostic Criteria

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Experts in interstitial lung disease identified 18 items of importance for diagnosing chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis.

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Outcomes Improved by Gastroesophageal Reflux Treatment

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Outcomes Improved by Gastroesophageal Reflux Treatment

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Treatment for gastroesophageal reflux significantly reduced mortality in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and improved transplant-free survival.

Predictors Identified for Myositis-Related Interstitial Lung Disease Mortality

Predictors Identified for Myositis-Related Interstitial Lung Disease Mortality

Researchers identified independent predictors of short-term dermatomyositis- or polymyositis-related interstitial lung disease mortality.

Treatment for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Gets Orphan Drug Designation

Treatment for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Gets Orphan Drug Designation

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RP5063 is a new chemical entity with a novel mechanism of multimodal modulation of serotonin and dopamine signaling pathways.

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis in Dentists May Be Linked to Occupational Exposure

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis in Dentists May Be Linked to Occupational Exposure

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Several patients were treated for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis were identified as dental personnel.

A 67-Year-Old Woman With Hypertension, Diabetes Presents With Shortness of Breath

A 67-Year-Old Woman With Hypertension, Diabetes Presents With Shortness of Breath

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After being treated for pyelonephritis and discharged to a nursing facility, a 67-year-old woman presents to the emergency department with shortness of breath.

Comparing Treatments for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Comparing Treatments for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

In patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, cisatracurium does not improve mortality when compared with vecuronium, but is associated with improvements in other outcomes.

Smoking Affects Lung Microbiota, ARDS Risk in Trauma Patients

Smoking Affects Lung Microbiota, ARDS Risk in Trauma Patients

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A significant enrichment of potential pathogens occurred in patients who smoked and who were admitted to the hospital for severe trauma.

Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Translational research has increased the understanding of the mechanisms of ventilator-induced lung injury.

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Refractory Hypoxemia: Selecting Evidence-Based Treatments

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Refractory Hypoxemia: Selecting Evidence-Based Treatments

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Treatments for acute respiratory distress syndrome that have less evidence to support their use have been overused by clinicians.

Updated Guidelines for Noninvasive Ventilation in Acute Respiratory Failure

Updated Guidelines for Noninvasive Ventilation in Acute Respiratory Failure

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The European Respiratory Society and American Thoracic Society have released updated guidelines on the use of noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure.

Depression and Anxiety Affect QoL in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Depression and Anxiety Affect QoL in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

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Depression and anxiety may affect quality of life for patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Low Tidal Volume Strategy in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Low Tidal Volume Strategy in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

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A low tidal volume ventilation strategy in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome demonstrated a trend toward improved mortality.

Effect of Conservative Fluid Management on Mortality in ARDS Patients

Effect of Conservative Fluid Management on Mortality in ARDS Patients

Researchers examined the efficacy of conservative vs liberal fluid management in ARDS on disease mortality.

Pulmonary Sarcoidosis: Independent Predictors of Mortality

Pulmonary Sarcoidosis: Independent Predictors of Mortality

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Most patients with sarcoidosis have a good prognosis, but age, extensive fibrosis, and pulmonary hypertension are associated with an increase in mortality.

Azithromycin Improves Survival in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Azithromycin Improves Survival in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

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Azithromycin may be an effective treatment option for acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Mechanical Ventilation Increases Costs and Mortality in IPF

Mechanical Ventilation Increases Costs and Mortality in IPF

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Mechanical ventilation does not improve outcomes in IPF patients, lengthens hospital stays, and increases costs.

Examining Pulmonary Function Measures in Pediatric SLE

Examining Pulmonary Function Measures in Pediatric SLE

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Fractional exhaled nitric oxide levels directly correlated to subclinical pulmonary disease activity in children with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Joblessness High Following Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Joblessness High Following Respiratory Distress Syndrome

One year after hospital discharge, high rates of acute respiratory distress survivors are jobless.

Chest Radiographic Screening in Active Uveitis to Diagnose Sarcoidosis

Chest Radiographic Screening in Active Uveitis to Diagnose Sarcoidosis

Abnormal chest radiographs were noted in patients with active uveitis of unknown origin.

Diagnostic Performance of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Algorithm

Diagnostic Performance of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Algorithm

The idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis algorithm has a sensitivity of 55.6% and positive predictive value of 42.2%.

Predicting Reduced 6-Minute Walk Distance in Sarcoidosis-Associated PH

Predicting Reduced 6-Minute Walk Distance in Sarcoidosis-Associated PH

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Data from 150 patients suggested that lung diffusion capacity is the most relevant predictive factor for reduced 6-minute walk distance in SAPH.

Predicting Survival in IPF With CT-Measured Pulmonary Artery: Aorta Ratio

Predicting Survival in IPF With CT-Measured Pulmonary Artery: Aorta Ratio

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Computed tomography-derived pulmonary artery-to-aorta ratio can predict pulmonary artery pressure and survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Restrictive Spirometry Pattern Predictive of Arterial Stiffness

Restrictive Spirometry Pattern Predictive of Arterial Stiffness

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Researchers examined nearly 3000 men and women to determine the relationship between restrictive spirometry pattern, reduced FVC, and arterial stiffness.

Predicting Survival Trajectories in IPF Using 2 T-Cell Biomarkers

Predicting Survival Trajectories in IPF Using 2 T-Cell Biomarkers

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Researchers found a significant association with declining forced vital capacity and diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide with ICOS and CD28.

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