The tool has 12 variables, such as age, worry- or stress-related items, and alcohol- or tobacco-related items.
Canada is the first major world economy to legalize recreational marijuana use.
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator dysfunction is associated with worsened airway disease in patients with COPD.
The risk for obstructive lung disease was nearly 8 times greater in heavy stable smokers compared with never-smokers.
Combustible use was the most prevalent; 61.7% of cannabis users report using multiple methods.
Small devices deliver addictive nicotine dose without noxious taste; pose danger to adolescents.
Smoking cessation in patients with asthma is associated with reduced symptoms, improved lung function and quality of life, reduced use of rescue medications, improved airway hyperresponsiveness, and decreased hyperactivity.
However, the intervention engaged young adults and increased abstinence at the end of 3-month treatment.
'The Real Cost' Youth E-Cigarette Prevention Campaign from the FDA is targeting at-risk youth.
Electronic cigarette use is higher in male students and current users of e-cigarettes or other tobacco products.
Adults aged 18 to 34 years had the highest frequency of marijuana use compared with all other age groups, and a small percentage of respondents reported using multiple different forms of marijuana per year.
When assessing age-specific groups, researchers observed that adults within the LBGTQ community, those with chronic health conditions, men, and current combustible cigarette smokers had higher rates of e-cigarette use.
Flavored products as a percent of all e-cigarette sales hit 19.8%; variations were seen by product type and state.
Highest use of tobacco seen in Native Hawaiians, Indians, Alaskans, and the lowest use in Asians.
More than 1200 warning letters and fines have been sent to retailers and major e-cigarette manufacturers.
On visual inspection by bronchoscopy, airways of e-cigarette users appeared friable and erythematous.
Smokers with immediate vs gradual reduction had significantly lower levels of smoke exposure.
Prevalence of marijuana use was 20% in states with legal recreational use and 12% where no use is legal.
Approximately 300 proteins were differentially expressed in epithelial cells from biopsy samples in smoker and vaper airways, only 78 proteins were commonly altered in both groups, and 113 were uniquely altered in vapers.
Increased prevalence of electronic cigarette use in younger adults, LGBT individuals, and combustible cigarette smokers.