In men younger than 50, the more cigarettes smoked linked to increased risk for ischemic stroke.
In a study of hospitalized smokers who planned to quit smoking post-discharge, users of e-cigarettes were not as likely as nonusers to refrain from using tobacco at 6 months. However, e-cigarette use in the study population was irregular; further research is necessary to study whether regular e-cigarette use helps or hampers efforts to quit smoking.
Current smoking linked to higher mean left ventricular mass index and lower mean left ventricular circumferential strain.
More average life years gained from cessation and more treatment costs averted for the poorest 20%.
Although 16.2% of small employers used tobacco surcharges, 47% of those did not offer tobacco cessation counseling.
Although varenicline was effective for short-term smoking cessation, more than half of the patients in the EVITA trial relapsed after 1 year.
Researchers observed a strong linear pattern between smoking status and dietary energy density in current smokers.
For adolescents, receptivity was highest for e-cigarette ads and was linked to trying cigarettes.
The more chemicals in e-liquid, the more toxic it is likely to be; in addition, vanillin tied to higher toxicity.
Electronic cigarettes were once thought to be a helpful smoking cessation tool, but new evidence suggests they may be as if not more harmful than combustible cigarettes.
At 6 months, researchers found a negative association between electronic cigarette use and subsequent smoking cessation.
The FDA is seeking data, research, and general information regarding the role that flavors play in youth smoking.
On a population level, electronic cigarettes are associated with more harm than benefit.
Current tobacco smoke exposure is not associated with airflow obstruction in school-aged children, but prenatal smoking is associated with airflow obstruction in children with asthma.
Smokers and nonsmokers had similar symptoms and risk factors present for asthma, but differed in comorbidities.
High-wattage electronic cigarettes may cause airway epithelial injury and small airway constriction.
Overall, 7.2% of women who gave birth in 2016 smoked cigarettes during pregnancy.
Lead and other toxic metals may leak from some electronic cigarettes' heating coils and are present in the aerosols that are inhaled by users.
Compared with individuals who never used tobacco, exclusive current cigarette smokers and exclusive current cigar smokers had increased all-cause mortality risks.
The researchers found that greater perception of harm from e-cigarettes was associated with lower odds of susceptibility to using e-cigarettes and current use of e-cigarettes.