Smoking

Few Eligible Smokers Had Lung Cancer Screening in 2016

Few Eligible Smokers Had Lung Cancer Screening in 2016

The most eligible smokers were populated in South, which had most screening sites but the low screening rates

Risk Models Help Select Ever Smokers for Lung Cancer Screening

Risk Models Help Select Ever Smokers for Lung Cancer Screening

Four models were well-calibrated and had higher areas under the curve than 5 models that overestimated lung cancer risk.

Prevalence of Adult E-Cigarette Use Up from 2014 to 2016

Prevalence of Adult E-Cigarette Use Up from 2014 to 2016

Although there has been a decrease in e-cigarette prevalence in current smokers, there has been an increase in never smokers.

Child Secondhand Pot, Tobacco Exposure Increases ED Visit Risk

Child Secondhand Pot, Tobacco Exposure Increases ED Visit Risk

Children with exposure to secondhand marijuana and tobacco smoke have an increased rate of emergency department visits.

The Unintended Consequences of Cigarette Taxation

The Unintended Consequences of Cigarette Taxation

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Although cigarette taxes were supposedly implemented to encourage smokers to quit, they can have a disproportionate effect on people of low-income status.

Liquid Nicotine Exposure in Children Declining, But Still a Threat

Liquid Nicotine Exposure in Children Declining, But Still a Threat

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The rate of liquid nicotine exposure in children younger than 6 years of age has declined since 2015, but it continues to pose a serious poisoning risk.

Current Smokers With Severe Asthma Distinguished by Sputum Proteomics

Current Smokers With Severe Asthma Distinguished by Sputum Proteomics

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Patients with severe asthma who were current smokers were distinguishable from ex-smokers based on their sputum proteomic level of colony stimulating factor 2.

Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapies May Not Increase MACE

Smoking Cessation Pharmacotherapies May Not Increase MACE

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There were no observable differences in the incidence of any cardiovascular events across the smoking cessation treatment groups.

E-Cigarette Use Tied to Subsequent Marijuana Use in Teens

E-Cigarette Use Tied to Subsequent Marijuana Use in Teens

Stronger correlation was seen between electronic cigarette use and marijuana in younger adolescents, aged 12 to 14 years, than for older teens.

FDA Announces New Initiative Aimed at Stopping Youth Use of E-Cigarettes

FDA Announces New Initiative Aimed at Stopping Youth Use of E-Cigarettes

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In a wide ranging statement, the FDA commissioner Scott Gottlieb, MD, specifically targets novel nicotine-delivery products as being problematic since many of these devices resemble USB flash drives, have high nicotine levels and have emissions that are hard to see.

Number of Cigarettes Smoked Daily Tied to Stroke Risk

Number of Cigarettes Smoked Daily Tied to Stroke Risk

In men younger than 50, the more cigarettes smoked linked to increased risk for ischemic stroke.

E-cigarette use may hamper smoking cessation for smokers planning to quit post-hospitalization

In a study of hospitalized smokers who planned to quit smoking post-discharge, users of e-cigarettes were not as likely as nonusers to refrain from using tobacco at 6 months. However, e-cigarette use in the study population was irregular; further research is necessary to study whether regular e-cigarette use helps or hampers efforts to quit smoking.

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

Current smoking linked to higher mean left ventricular mass index and lower mean left ventricular circumferential strain.

Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

Cigarette Price Hike Would Provide More Gains for the Poor

More average life years gained from cessation and more treatment costs averted for the poorest 20%.

Small Employers Do Not Often Provide Tobacco Cessation Help

Small Employers Do Not Often Provide Tobacco Cessation Help

Although 16.2% of small employers used tobacco surcharges, 47% of those did not offer tobacco cessation counseling.

Smoking Cessation Rates in Acute Coronary Syndrome With Varenicline

Smoking Cessation Rates in Acute Coronary Syndrome With Varenicline

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Although varenicline was effective for short-term smoking cessation, more than half of the patients in the EVITA trial relapsed after 1 year.

Smokers Have Lower Quality Diets vs Former and Nonsmokers

Smokers Have Lower Quality Diets vs Former and Nonsmokers

Researchers observed a strong linear pattern between smoking status and dietary energy density in current smokers.

Receptivity to Tobacco Ads Linked to Progression to Use

Receptivity to Tobacco Ads Linked to Progression to Use

For adolescents, receptivity was highest for e-cigarette ads and was linked to trying cigarettes.

Liquids in E-Cigarettes Are Heterogeneous, Frequently Toxic

Liquids in E-Cigarettes Are Heterogeneous, Frequently Toxic

The more chemicals in e-liquid, the more toxic it is likely to be; in addition, vanillin tied to higher toxicity.

The Mounting Evidence Against Electronic Cigarette Use

The Mounting Evidence Against Electronic Cigarette Use

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Electronic cigarettes were once thought to be a helpful smoking cessation tool, but new evidence suggests they may be as if not more harmful than combustible cigarettes.

Electronic Cigarettes Do Not Appear to Promote Smoking Cessation

Electronic Cigarettes Do Not Appear to Promote Smoking Cessation

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At 6 months, researchers found a negative association between electronic cigarette use and subsequent smoking cessation.

FDA Seeks Physician Opinions on Flavored Tobacco Products

FDA Seeks Physician Opinions on Flavored Tobacco Products

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The FDA is seeking data, research, and general information regarding the role that flavors play in youth smoking.

Electronic Cigarettes: More Harm Than Good

Electronic Cigarettes: More Harm Than Good

On a population level, electronic cigarettes are associated with more harm than benefit.

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With or Without Asthma

Effect of Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Children With or Without Asthma

Current tobacco smoke exposure is not associated with airflow obstruction in school-aged children, but prenatal smoking is associated with airflow obstruction in children with asthma.

Asthma Symptoms, Risks, and Comorbidities According to Smoking Status

Asthma Symptoms, Risks, and Comorbidities According to Smoking Status

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Smokers and nonsmokers had similar symptoms and risk factors present for asthma, but differed in comorbidities.

High-Wattage E-Cigarettes May Induce Sustained Tissue Hypoxia

High-Wattage E-Cigarettes May Induce Sustained Tissue Hypoxia

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High-wattage electronic cigarettes may cause airway epithelial injury and small airway constriction.

Smoking Prevalence During Pregnancy in 2016

Smoking Prevalence During Pregnancy in 2016

Overall, 7.2% of women who gave birth in 2016 smoked cigarettes during pregnancy.

Electronic Cigarettes May Leak Lead, Other Toxic Metals

Electronic Cigarettes May Leak Lead, Other Toxic Metals

Lead and other toxic metals may leak from some electronic cigarettes' heating coils and are present in the aerosols that are inhaled by users.

Exclusive Use of Cigarettes, Cigars, and Pipes Increases Mortality Risk

Exclusive Use of Cigarettes, Cigars, and Pipes Increases Mortality Risk

Compared with individuals who never used tobacco, exclusive current cigarette smokers and exclusive current cigar smokers had increased all-cause mortality risks.

Perceived Harm of E-Cigarettes Decreases Use in Teenagers

Perceived Harm of E-Cigarettes Decreases Use in Teenagers

The researchers found that greater perception of harm from e-cigarettes was associated with lower odds of susceptibility to using e-cigarettes and current use of e-cigarettes.

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